OughHow To Pronounce Words Written With ‘OUGH’ Correctly In English? sounds

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How To Pronounce OUGH In EnglishEXLenglish.com

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The OUGH letter combination is one of the most unpredictable to pronounce becasue there are 6 variations in American English and 10 in British English 1

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Have you thought this through thoroughly enough?

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Originally, Anglo-Saxon words were written with an H to indicate a voiceless velar fricative in words like Bach with a hard H sound 2

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The voiceless velar fricative is a rasp in the back of the throat in words like Loch 3

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Then around the 13th century, when the French invaded and began to influence the English languagea G was added to the H to represent this voiceless velar fricative 4

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But later, around the 17th century, the voiceless velar fricative began to change.

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In some places, the "gh" disappeared completely like in through" and bought". In others, it was converted to a voiceless labiodental fricative (a rasp between the teeth and lips) that now sounds like an "f in words like cough and enough.5

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OUGH as in ThoughEIGH as in NeighborAUGH as in TaughtIGH as in High

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aboughtaforethoughtafterthoughtafterthoughtsalthoughbesoughtbethoughtboroughboroughsboughboughedboughpotboughpotsboughsboughtboughtenbreakthroughbreakthroughsbroughambroughamsbroughtchoughchoughscloughcloughscoughcoughedcoughercougherscoughingcoughsdogfoughtdoughdoughboydoughboysdoughfacedoughfacesdoughierdoughiestdoughlikedoughnutdoughnutlikedoughnutsdoughsdoughtdoughtierdoughtiestdoughtilydoughtinessdoughtinessesdoughtydoughydreadnoughtdreadnoughtsdroughtdroughtierdroughtiestdroughtinessdroughtinessesdroughtsdroughtyenoughenoughsforethoughtforethoughtfulforethoughtfullyforethoughtfulnessforethoughtfulnessesforethoughtsfoughtfoughtenfurloughfurloughedfurloughingfurloughsgunfoughthandwroughthiccoughhiccoughedhiccoughinghiccoughsinfoughtinterboroughinterboroughsinterwroughtloughloughsmerrythoughtmerrythoughtsmethoughtmisthoughtnoughtnoughtsoughtoughtedoughtingoughtsoutboughtoutfoughtoutthoughtoutwroughtoverboughtoverthoughtoverwroughtploughploughedplougherploughersploughingploughsreboughtrefoughtresoughtrethoughtrewroughtroughroughageroughagesroughcastroughcastingroughcastsroughdriedroughdriesroughdryroughdryingroughedroughenroughenedrougheningroughensrougherroughersroughestroughhewroughhewedroughhewingroughhewnroughhewsroughhouseroughhousedroughhousesroughhousingroughingroughishroughlegroughlegsroughlyroughneckroughnecksroughnessroughnessesroughriderroughridersroughsroughshodsloughsloughedsloughiersloughiestsloughingsloughssloughysoughsoughedsoughingsoughssoughtsourdoughsourdoughsthoroughthoroughbassthoroughbassesthoroughbracethoroughbracesthoroughbredthoroughbredsthorougherthoroughestthoroughfarethoroughfaresthoroughgoingthoroughlythoroughnessthoroughnessesthoroughpinthoroughpinsthoroughwortthoroughwortsthoughthoughtthoughtfulthoughtfullythoughtfulnessthoughtfulnessesthoughtlessthoughtlesslythoughtlessnessthoughtlessnessesthoughtsthoughtwaythoughtwaysthroughthroughitherthroughlythroughotherthroughoutthroughputthroughputsthroughwaythroughwaystoughtoughedtoughentoughenedtougheningtoughenstoughertoughesttoughietoughiestoughingtoughishtoughlytoughnesstoughnessestoughstoughytroughtroughsunboughtunderboughtunfoughtunroughunsoughtunthoughtwherethroughwroughtyarboroughyarboroughs*

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OUGH = /o/ (Long O)DoughFurloughThough Thorough Although Pronounced with the Long O (oh) sound in words like 'toe, no or go

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I love mixing bread dough

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The missionaries are home on furlough

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I like it even though it smells weird

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He always does a thorough job

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I understand. Although I dont think its a very good excuse

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OUGH = /u/ (Long U) ThroughThroughoutThroughputThroughway

Pronounced with the Long U (oo) sound in words like too, threw, or shoe

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It was too big to fit through the door

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He traveled there often throughout his lifetime

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They spend the day tryingto measure througput on the server

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An accident prevented us from getting on the throughway

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OUGH // = (AW sound) Bought BroughtOughtSoughtThoughtWroughtRegularly used before the letter /t/ One exception in the word Drought

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I bought a new house last year

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She brought me some coffee

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You ought to go with them

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They sought new ways to increase productivity

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He thought she was nuts

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It wrought a terrible plague

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OUGH = /a/ (OW sound)BoughPloughDrought Pronounced with the 'Ow' sound in words like 'cow, now or how

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The bough fell off during the storm

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He hates to plough his farm

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They suffered a severe drought

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OUGH = /f/ (OFF)Cough (coff)Trough (troff)Pronounced with the Off' sound in words like scoffor stroganoff

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She was coughing all afternoon

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The horses drank from the trough

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OUGH /f/ = (Uff) EnoughRoughSlough Tough Prounced as uff in words like cuff, stuff or buff

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Thats enough for today

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It was a rough game

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He always sloughs off on the job

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She is one tough boss

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One final exception is the word hiccup which you may see spelled hiccough

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Have fun and practice pronouncing these words with the OUGH letter combinations!

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Bibliographyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ough_(orthography)http://www.howtospell.co.uk/gh-wordshttps://www.quora.com/Pronunciation/How-did-gh-at-the-end-ofsome-words-become-an-eff-soundhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oZ-g8iF3Fdk https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oZ-g8iF3Fdk

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More ESL Info on OUGHhttp://rachelsenglish.com/pronounce-ough/http://www.pronuncian.com/Podcast/Default.aspx?Episode=205http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/english/course/intermediate/unit-9/session-1

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