Nobel Peace Prize 2014

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The Nobel Peace Prize 2014

The Nobel Peace Prize 2014

Professor Sophia Mrouri

1833-1896Nobel Peace Prize FactsThe Peace Prize has been awarded 95 times. Henry Dunant was awarded the 1st prize in 190116 prizes have been awarded to women25 organizations have won the prize (ICRC won it 3 times)3 Laureates were under arrest at the time of the award (Carl von Ossietzky, Aung San Suu Kyi, Liu Xiaobo)Only 1 was a multiple Laureate (Linus Pauling- Chemistry in 1954 & Peace in 1962)Le Duc Tho (awarded jointly with Henry Kissinger) in 1973 declined the awardThe award in 2014 was 8 million Swedish Kroner (approx. $918,000USD) Among the well know nominees never to win- Mahatma Ghandi, Winston Churchill, Maria Montessori, Joseph Stalin

Peace is not just the absent of WarPeace Laureates: Fields19 Arms Control and disarmament25 for Human Rights24 for Humanitarian Work33 for Negotiation39 for Peace Movement3 for Womens Rights26 for World OrganizingNobel Peace Prize Winners 2014Malala Yousafzai

Kailash Satyarthi

for their struggles against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to an education.Malala YousafzaiBorn: 12, July 1997, Mingora, PakistanYoungest Nobel Prize WinnerAt age 11, began her fight for girls right to an education with an anonymous blog for the BBC2012- Survives an assassination attempt by the TalibanCo-Founder of the Malala Fund which supports local education projects and global initiatives promoting girls secondary education in six countries.

Kailash SatyarthiBorn: 11, Jan. 1954, Vidisha, IndiaSince 1980, has been at the forefront of the movement to end child slavery and exploitative child laborAs an activist, has led the rescue of over 80,000 child slavesFounder of the Global March Against Child Labor and the International Center on Child Labor and Education

Global Fact Check: Girls EducationDue to the work over the last 20 years, we are nearing universal primary education and demands for secondary education are increasingIn most developing nations the quality of education available is poorOf the 130 million out of school youths, 70% are girls2/3 of all adult illiterates are women

Whats the problem?Poverty is the #1 contributorGender RolesOutdated cultural traditions

Uganda Village SchoolWhy should we encourage education for girls?Earn moreDelay the onset of sexual activityMarry laterSurvive childbirth at higher ratesLess likely to contract HIVHave smaller & healthier familiesContribute to higher rates of economic growth at the national level

Global Fact Check: Child LaborApproximately 215 million children are working (126 million are in hazardous environments, slavery/forced labor, illicit industries and armed conflicts2 million children are trafficked annually for labor and sexual exploitationLikely targets are girls, ethnic minorities, low class/caste, disabled, displaced and those living in remote areasModern SlaveryForced BeggarsEx. Senegal- Over 50,000 children between the ages of 4-14 beg to meet a daily quota or face violent punishmentThe Tradition of TrokosiWest African girls are given to religious shrines to atone for misdeeds of familiesDomestic Servitude10.5 million children (71% girls) ages 5 and up50,000 in the US Mining1 million children work in unregulated mines in Africa, Latin America, Europe and AsiaCocoa FieldsEst. 500,000 child slaves (often orphaned or homeless)Child SoldiersEst 300,000 children forced into military serviceWhy does this happen?PovertyAccounts for approximately 83% of child labor Compulsory and free education is limitedOver 75 million children are not in schoolExisting laws/codes are violatedMultiple layers of production and outsourcing make violations difficult to detect or monitorLaws and enforcement are inadequateLack of laws, exemptions to standing laws, agencies are underfunded and understaffed. Workers rights are repressedChildren are even more vulnerable than adult workers

Sources to learn MoreThe Malala Fund: March Against Child Labour: on Child Labor: Girls Education Initiative: