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  • Newspapers A newspaper is a publication intended for a broad audience that appears regularly, often daily, and claims to contain factual accounts of recent events. Getting Started Usually newspapers are published with the intention Introduction of making a profit. Frequently, their factual content The Development of the is accompanied by advertisements and non-factual Modern Newspaper material intended as entertainment. How do Historians Use Newspapers? Questions to Ask 1. Who published this newspaper and why? 2. Who read this newspaper Journalists often boast that they write the rough draft of history. The key point and why? here is rough draft. Newspapers are written in haste and often contain inadvertent factual errors, large and small. Moreover, a newspapers factual content is 3. What is the competitive determined by its point of view or bias. This point of view is shaped by the political environment? positions taken by editors and publishers, and sometimes shaped by the 4. How does the particular newspapers commercial relationship with advertisers. It is also shaped by a story compare and relate to newspapers location. For example, the St. Petersburg Times might call a hurricane others in the same newspaper? in Florida a terrible catastrophe, while a newspaper in Idaho might ignore it entirely. 5. What was left out of the story? How can I find out Newspapers from the past contain several kinds of information for historians. They more? offer factual accounts of events such as earthquakes, battles, and elections. Resources Historians often mine newspapers for basic information about who did what, when, how, and where. Newspapers are also filled with contextual information, such as Sample Analysis advertisements and features, from which historians can build a more complete Annotated Bibliography picture of the world in which a particular event took place. Newspapers Online About the Author Credits Download Essay finding world history | unpacking evidence | analyzing documents | teaching sources | about A project of the Center for History and New Media, George Mason University, with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundationhttp://chnm.gmu.edu/whm/unpacking/newsmain.html1/14/2005 6:37:16 AM
  • Newspapers Newspapers first appeared in Europe in the mid-17th century. They evolved gradually from a similar type of publication called a broadsheeta single sheet of paper Getting Started that responded to unusual events. Although newspapers Introduction today and those in the past resemble one another in many ways, newspapers and their content have changed The Development of the Modern Newspaper dramatically over time. Newspapers in different societies are often quite different from those you may be familiar How do Historians Use with. Thus, it is important to read newspapers from Newspapers? different times (and places) carefully. Questions to Ask 1. Who published this newspaper and why? 2. Who read this newspaper For example, this is the front and why? page of the Times of London, 3. What is the competitive one of the most complete environment? and accurate newspapers in 4. How does the particular the world in the mid-1800s, story compare and relate to on the morning after the others in the same newspaper? Battle of Gettysburg, a major historical event. Someone 5. What was left out of the reading this paper in the story? How can I find out more? 21st century might be surprised to find nothing Resources about the battle, but the Sample Analysis timely and broad coverage Annotated Bibliography we now expect was not always available. Newspapers Online About the Author Credits Technological innovation made the modern newspaper possible. Before the late- Download Essay 19th century, paper was often made from textile fibers like cotton and linen, frequently taken from recycled rags. Only after the invention of paper made from wood pulp did low-cost, low-quality paper become readily available. The rise of the paper industry made paper cheap, which meant that newspapers could be printed for reasonable prices. Industrialization and new global markets, especially in raw materials, helped to increase production leading to inexpensive, mass-produced paper.http://chnm.gmu.edu/whm/unpacking/newsmod.html (1 of 2)1/14/2005 6:37:58 AM
  • Newspapers Changes in print technology influenced newspaper production as well. Print began with individual metal letters placed by hand in special grids. The letters were inked and then paper was pressed on one sheet at a time. Technological innovations steadily decreased the amount of effort and increased the speed at which words could be printed onto paper. In the 19th and 20th centuries, it also became easier and cheaper to move information across long distances, which had a huge impact on the newspaper business. Railroads and steamships made long-distance travel easier and faster beginning in the early 19th century, so reporters could travel to interesting events. With the invention of the telegraph in the mid- 19th century, traveling correspondents could report back to newspapers r