New Role for Librarians?
1. Rethinking How & Where Digital Knowledge is Stored, Shared,Tagged and Licensed in the 21st Century: New Role for Librarians?Cable GreeneLearning Director 2. We are in the midst of a technological,economic, and organizational transformation that allows us to negotiate the terms of freedom,justice, and productivity in theinformation society Yochai Benklerhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/lonewolf23/1570632701/ 3. Yes We Really are Networked seamless connection ofpeople, resources &knowledge digitization of content mobile, personal global platform forcollaboration outsourcing Anyone notice ourglobal economy? 4. quot;According to an IBM study, by2010, the amount of digitalinformation in the world willdouble every 11 hours.quot; 5. Librarians get public and educational data out into the open where we canvisualize it, manipulate it, and learn with it. 6. And we can make all of our digital stuff available to all people and most of it will get used... by someone. 7. Long Tail of Publishing $long tailHarry Hyper-geometricPotter partial differentialequations 8. Librarians are informationliteracy experts who willhelp us find the good stuff.And information management gurus how do we store,find, search? 9. In a flat world, the artists, the synthesizers of ideas will rule.And they will use web 2.0 software standards, and practices to distribute their ideas. 10. Librarians are, and always have been, synthesizers ofinstructional resourcesolutions. 11. We All Get to Participatehttp://wiki.elearning.ubc.ca/ComingApart 12. - JSB 13. Think Big Crazy Ideas. We could share all of our instructional digital resources including: courses, textbooks and library resources with the world and, more important, use global digital materials. We could use common integrated library systems, support services, and a common set of library databases. We could design courses that enable and encourage students to contribute, change, remix course content. 14. Welcome back to humanity. Some technologies take us away from ourselves and others bring us back. Web 2.0 is helping us rediscover our naturally cooperative, creative, and gregarious nature. Don't think, therefore, of Web 2.0 as something foreign or hyped-up or all about geeks; Web 2.0 is the rebirth of teaching and learning that fits what we are as a species. Why is Web 2.0 Important to Higher Education? 15. RSS 16. Social Bookmarkinghttp://delicious.com/geoffcain/oer 17. Share Photoshttp://www.flickr.com 18. Why is Open Important? Because when we cooperate and share, we all win exponentially. Reeds Law:Networks grow [in value] exponentially by the number of nodes. Its a social justice issue: everyone has the right to access global knowledge. Institute for the Future whitepaper: Technologies of Cooperation 19. Definition of OER Digitized materials, offeredfreely and openly foreducators, students, to useand re-use for teaching,learning and research. 20. The Old Economics Print, warehouse,and ship a new book for every student http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmediamuseum/2780164461/ 21. The New Economics Upload one copy, and everyone usesit simultaneously Making copies,storage, distribution of digital stuff = Freehttp://cnx.org/content/col10522/latest/ 22. software textbooksmusic 23. Textbook 2.0modularauthored by communitycontinuously updatedpersonalized onassemblynever out-of-printpublished on demand low costex: 600-page textbook for$32, not $132 24. (a few) Open Content Repositories OpenLearn (UK) - DEMO OCW MIT (MIT HS) China Open Resources for Education hastranslated 109 MIT OCW courses into SimplifiedChinese. Rice Connexions 25. and there is this smallcollection of articles: 26. Why do we Need Open Textbooks? 2005 GAO report: College textbookprices have risen at twice the rateof annual inflation over the last twodecadeshttp://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05806.pdf 27. Why do we Need Open Textbooks? The College Board reported that for the 2007 through 2008 academic years each student spent an estimated $805 to $1,229 on college books and supplies http://www.collegeboard.com/prod_downloads/about/news_info/trends/trends_pricing_07.pdf 28. Why do we Need Open Textbooks? Thegross margin on new college textbooks is currently 22.7 percent according to the National Association of College Stores. Products available in college stores are sold with a margin, as in any retail operation. Margin is the difference between cost and retail price, reflecting work required to bring products to market. http://www.nacs.org/public/research/margins.asp 29. May, 2007: Dept of Ed. 30. http://www.maketextbooksaffordable.org/course_correction.pdf 31. Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources Joint effort to develop and use openeducational resources and open textbooksin community college coursescccoer.wordpress.com 32. Community CollegeOpen Textbook Project Goal Identify, organize, and support the production and use of high quality, accessible and culturally relevant OpenTextbooks for community college studentsReduce the cost of textbooks! 33. Why so urgent? Consider One High Enrollment Course: English Composition I 37,226 enrollments / year X $100 textbook = $3.7 Million + (cost to students) What if we looked at 100, 200,300 high enrollment courses? http://rtnl.files.wordpress.com/2007/01/thinker21.jpg 34. Challenges Faculty and student resistance to change Limited availability of high quality and comprehensive learning materials in some disciplines Inadequate access to high-speed Internet by students 35. Challenges Compliance with accessibility requirements Printing and computer lab demands on campus by students Coordination with campus bookstores 36. Open Textbook Adoption Locate open textbooks for consideration Evaluate each textbook for selection Customize, remix, and organize selected textbook Disseminate in print and digital formatshttp://emharrington.com/rex/images/adoptadog/Adopt_Me.jpg 37. Locate Open Textbooks for Consideration MERLOT Connexions Wikibooks OER Commons Global Text Projecthttp://rtnl.files.wordpress.com/2007/01/thinker21.jpg 38. Evaluate Each Textbook Quality Accessibility Cultural relevance Currency Authority of Source Reading level Depth and scope Quality and Accuracy Articulation 39. Customize, Remix, and Organize 40. Disseminate Open Textbooks Digital formats Printed format Campus bookstore Campus print-shop services Proprietary services http://images.lexcycle.com/screenshots/feedbooks_library.jpg 41. http://therawfeed.com/pix/the_raw_feed_on_kindle-BIG.jp 42. Librarians can help find andweave open textbooks intocourses working withfaculty (resource basedinstructional design, yes?) 43. 13 (b) Faculty and staff members consider the least costly practices in assigning course materials, such as adopting the least expensive edition available, adopting free, open textbooks when available, and working with college librarians to put together collections of free online web and library resources, when educational content is comparable as determined by the faculty 44. Bookstores Future Role? Bookstores are perfectly positioned to be the Colleges clearinghouse for printed open educational resources. print-on-demand open textbooks & OER course packs Students want printed options (Course Correction) Have location and are tightly networked into IT and fiscal campus operations. e.g., students can use fin aid @ bookstores 49 45. Are there really OpenEducationalResources (e.g.,Open Textbooks) on the web? 50 46. Librarians are experts in melding open educational resources with traditional publisher copyrighted resources. 47. Hey Higher Ed! We must get rid of our not invented here attitude regarding others content move to: quot;proudly borrowed from therequot; Content is not a strategic advantage Nor can we (or our students) afford it 48. Future of Openness in Education As uncomfortable a proposition as this new openness may be for some, I believe it is the future of higher education. In web 2.0, everything is public & higher education needs toget used to it.David Wiley 2006. Open source, openness, and higher education. 49. What Happens if weDont Change? Functional Possibilities Higher Education Time 50. How is the fiscal health of your local newspaper? 55 51. Choices:(1) Open up and leverage global input OR(2) close up shop 52. Near Term Opportunity 27 (iv) Sharing library resources including but not limited to: Copyrighted physical and e-books, and consolidated electronic journals and research database licensing and other models;30 (v) Methods and open licensing options for effectively sharing digital content including but not limited to: Open courseware, open textbooks, open journals, and open learning objects; 53. http://blog.oer.sbctc.edu http://blog.elearning.sbctc.edu Dr. Cable Green firstname.lastname@example.org (360) 704-4334 Twitter: cgreen