1. EDUCATION - NEW IITS Advantages and Disadvantages
2. Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are autonomous public institutes of higher education, located in India. They are governed by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 which has declared them as institutions of national importance,[ and lays down their powers, duties, and framework for governance etc. The Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 lists twenty- three institutes located at Bhilai, Chennai, Delhi, Dhanbad, Dharwad, Goa, Guwahati, Jammu, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Mumbai, Roorkee, Bhubaneswar, Gandhinagar, Hyderabad, Indore, Jodhpur, Mandi, Palakkad, Patna, Ropar, Tirupati and Varanasi.
3. Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) M.Tech and MS admissions are done on the basis of Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). In addition to B.Tech, M.Tech and MS programs, IITs also award other graduate degrees such as M.Sc in Maths, Physics and Chemistry, MBA, PhD etc. Admission to these programs of IITs is done through Common Admission Test (CAT), Joint Admission Test for Masters (JAM) and Common Entrance Examination for Design (CEED). IIT Guwahati and IIT Bombay offer undergraduate design programmes as well. Joint Seat Allocation Authority 2015 (JoSAA 2015) conducted the joint admission process for a total of 19 IITs.
4. Addition of IITs IITs are 'institutions of national importance' established by Institutes of Technology Act, 1961. After India got its Independence, the world was changing. The leaders were able to envisage coming of ' Age of technology 'rather than capital. After Kharagpur became first IIT,different IITs were established that are scattered in different parts of country to maintain regional balance. IITs are internationally respected for the quality of their graduates and teaching.
5. Addition of IITs IITs receive comparatively higher grants than any other engineering colleges in India. While the total government funding to most other engineering colleges is around Rs. 10 20 crores (USD 24 million) per year, the amount varies between Rs. 90 crores 1.3 Arab (USD 1826 million) per year for each IIT. They have advantage in terms of faculty-to-student ratio which is between 1:6 and 1:8.
6. Addition of IITs A bill providing for opening six new IITs, including at Jammu and Tirupati, was passed by the Lok Sabha. Under the Institutes of Technology (Amendment) Bill 2016, new IITs will also be started in Palakkad, Goa, Dharward and Bhilai. The Bill also seeks to bring the Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, within the ambit of the Act. Announcement of HRD ministry's proposal to set up New IITs was debated by educationists but every coin has 2 sides which are evaluated here.
7. Serial no Name Short Name Founded Established Campus Size (acres) Director State/UT 1 IIT Kharagpur IITKGP 1951 1951 2100 Partha Pratim West Bengal 2 IIT Bombay IITB 1958 1958 550 Devang V. Khakar Maharashtra 3 IIT Kanpur IITK 1959 1959 1055 Indranil Manna Uttar Pradesh 4 IIT Madras IITM 1959 1959 620 Bhaskar Ramamurthi Tamil Nadu 5 IIT Delhi IITD 1961 1963 320 V Ramgopal Rao Delhi 6 IIT Guwahati IITG 1994 1994 704 Gautam Biswas Assam 7 IIT Roorkee IITR 1847 2001 365 Pradipta Bannerjee Uttarakhand 8 IIT Bhubaneswar IITBBS 2008 2008 936 R. V. Raj Kumar Odisha 9 IIT Gandhinagar IITGN 2009 2009 450 Sudhir K. Jain Gujarat 10 IIT Hyderabad IITH 2008 2008 576 U. B. Desai Telangana 11 IIT Jodhpur IITJ 2008 2008 900 C. V. R. Murthy Rajasthan 12 IIT Patna IITP 2008 2008 501 Pushpak Bhattacharya Bihar 13 IIT Ropar IITRPR 2008 2008 545 Sarit Kumar Das Punjab 14 IIT Indore IITI 2009 2009 525 Pradeep Mathur Madhya Pradesh 15 IIT Mandi IITMandi 2009 2009 538 Timothy A. Gonsalves Himachal 16 IIT (BHU) IIT(BHU) 1919 2012 400 Rajeev Sangal Uttar Pradesh 17 IIT Palakkad IITPKD 2015 2015 500 Kerala 18 IIT Tirupati IITTP 2015 2015 590 Andhra Pradesh 19 IIT (ISM) Dhanbad IIT(ISM) 1926 2016 458 D C Panigrahi Jharkhand 20 IIT Bhilai IITC 2016 2016 Chhattisgarh 21 IIT Goa IITGoa 2016 2016 Goa 22 IIT Jammu 2016 2016 Jammu and 23 IIT Dharwad IITDH 2016 2016 Karnataka IITs and locations, sorted by date of establishment Session begins in 2016 Session begins in 2016 Session begins in 2016 Session begins in 2016
8. Advantages More opportunities Scientific progress More number of IITs could attract foreign students New IITs in different parts of the country opportunities for people residing in surrounding areas Upgrading of existing academic institutions like ISM Dhanbad Ease out the competition New institutes with better qualities Better facilities
9. Disadvantages Bad situation in terms of primary and secondary education No improvement in existing IITs Number of seats in existing IITs IITs set up in 2008 many have no buildings Increase quantity over quality Competition will be easy Divide between new and old IIT New IITs will be established in the remote areas Facilities will be lagging in old IITs
10. Conclusion We have an ever increasing population with number of pass outs increasing every year. In such a scenario, we definitely need more choice of courses with an increase in the number of seats per course in every college. In these prevailing circumstances, there is no harm in increasing the number of seats in IITs than number of IITs, we can manage to maintain the charm and quality of education in all the existing IITs which cant be achieved in New IITs easily. After increasing in number of seats still be difficult to get into IITs as we have a good creamy layer hovering here and there every year to get quality education. So on a concluding note I would say that there's absolutely no requirement of any more IITs in our nation because we don't want students to qualify IITs with a casual approach and colleges of that stature demand cut throat competition.