Multicultural educational perspectives

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  • 1. MULTICULTURAL EDUCATIONAL PERSPECTIVESPresented ByAdrienne Akinsete, Shannon Berger, Julie Burton, Ashley Busby

2. TOPICS:1. Definitions of Culture2. Ethnicity or Exceptionality3. Multicultural Bilingual Education4. How One Thinks About Culture5. Cultural Pride and Shame 3. DEFINITIONS OF CULTURE "Cultures are the mapsof meaning throughwhich the world is madeintelligible." - Peter Jackson 4. DEFINITIONS OF CULTURE Traditional definition A shared set of beliefs,traditions, values and goals that define agroup, institution or organization 5. DEFINITIONS OF CULTURE Sociological view of culture - the words, artifacts andsymbols which interact with forms of social life Anthropological meaning of culture - Culture, orcivilization, taken in its broad, ethnographic sense, isthat complex whole which includes knowledge, belief,art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities andhabits acquired by man as a member of society. - SirEdward Tylor Romanticist definition of culture consumption andleisurely activities Cultural studies the meaning and practices ofeveryday life 6. DEFINITIONS OF CULTURESimilarities and Differences All definitionsof cultureinclude somedescription ofwhat peopledo. What varies istheconstructionandmanifestationof humandevelopment 7. ASPECTS OF CULTURE 8. COMPONENTS OF CULTURE Sub culture - A sub culture is a group of peoplewith a culture that sets them apart from the larger,dominant culture to which they belong. Counter culture - is used to describe a group ofpeople who are characterized by their defiance oropposition to the dominant culture. Dominant culture establishes the rules,language, behaviors, religion and social norms forthe society and maintains control of socialinstitutions. 9. HISTORY OF CULTURE: 18th/19th Century Europe Culture was an agricultural term used to describecultivation or improvement. Early 19th Century Europe Culture came to mean the improvement or developmentof the individual, primarily through education. Mid 19th Century Europe Culture was a term used by scientists to refer touniversal human capacity. 20th Century Culture expanded to be an anthropological term that had twomeanings:1. human capacity to classify and represent experiences with symbols*2. the unique ways that people living in different parts of the world classifiedand represented their experiences**Both definitions include the ability of humans to act creatively After World War II the term culture was adopted by different disciplines, with eachdiscipline uniquely defining culture. 10. ETHNICITY OR EXCEPTIONALITY How can ethnicity can be mistaken forexceptionality when ones own ethnic group isviewed as setting the standard for all others? 11. ETHNICITY AN ETHNIC GROUP HAS IN COMMON A historic origin. Identity, heritage and traditions. Value orientations. Behavioral patterns. Political and economic interests. 12. EXCEPTIONALITY A group sharing a set of specific abilities ordisabilities that are especially valued. Requiring special accommodations within agiven subculture. A person may be considered exceptional in oneethnic group but not in another. 13. ETHNICITY OR EXCEPTIONALITYExamples of DifferencesAmong Ethnic Groups Patterns of eye contact Physical contact Use of language Ways of responding to people in positions ofauthority. 14. ETHNICITY OR EXCEPTIONALITYWhat one group may see as deviant orunacceptable in their own group might benormal and adaptive in another.We must not mistakenly conclude that astudent has a disability or is gifted just becausehe or she is different. 15. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATIONWhat are the most important aspects of multicultural and bilingual special education? 16. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATIONDisproportional representation betweengeneral population and special education. Adolescents of color are more likely to beidentified with disruptive behavior disordersthan Caucasian peers. Males living in poverty are more likely to beidentified as having a behavior disorder. White, Asian/Pacific Islander and Hispanicstudents are under represented. Black and American Indian overrepresented. 17. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION 18. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATIONAcceptance of and respect for thosewhose culture is different 19. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION curricula that provide equal educational opportunities to students regardless of their gender, social class, ethnicity, race, disability, or other cultural identity 20. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION Instruction that uses: The students culturalstrengths That involves teachingtolerance Appreciation of culture Working with families Improving languageinstruction For language-minoritystudents, Improving literacy 21. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION Culturallyappropriateassessment thathonors thestudents culturalheritage and doesNOT penalize anystudent 22. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION Socialization to multicultural norms 23. WE NEED TO INCREASE THE UNDERSTANDING OF SUBCULTURES. 24. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION Multiculturalism is a very important aspect to thehuman experience and the advancement of oursocieties. 25. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATIONDiversity Like Nature The landscape of Earth is an intricatemix of shapes, forms, and colors each withits own identity and spirit, separate, and yet apiece of a whole. The land we live in probably best reflects thisnotion. The landscape of the United States, a quiltwoven of dramatically different terrains, ispopulated by people equally as unique anddiverse.Glancing over the entire country from thePacific to the Atlantic, you see many differentenvironments coexisting: warm deserts,snowcapped mountains, golden plains, greenvalleys, lush marshlands, sandy beaches,and bustling cities.All are different, yet one: the United States.No less than its geography, the people whoinhabit the United States also exemplifynatures diversity (De Melendez & Beck, 2007, p. 4). 26. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATIONEffective multiculturaleducation allows allstudents pride in theirown cultures,understanding andappreciation of differentcultures, and ensuresequal educationalopportunities for allstudents, regardless ofcultural background. 27. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION 28. HOW ONE THINKS ABOUT CULTURE We Are All Emigrants Contemporary theory tracesthe ancestry of mankind tothe African continent(National Geographic,2003). Through DNA we have beenable to trace the beginningsof mankind to a tribe inAfrica, whose genetic codeis most similar to theearliest human remains thatwe have discoveredJOURNEY OF MAN tells the remarkable story(National Geographic,2003).of the human journey out of Africa and into Based on the biological,the rest of the world, tracing history throughanthropological and evidence uncovered in the Y-chromosome ofarcheological evidence it ismans DNA. Traversing six continents, thesafe to posit that mankindfilm takes viewers on a fascinating journeybegan on the content wenow call African. From there, into the hidden world of their ancestry andthe human race dispersedoffers a modern look at our ancestorsthroughout the world. lives(National Geographic, 2003). 29. HOW ONE THINKS ABOUT CULTURE Civilization brought about citystates to govern the peopleand lands occupied by humanmigration. Claims of ownership to theinhabited lands emerged. As man politicized the lands,distinct culture emerged basedon several factors. A few of these factors arephysical environment: religious beliefs communication technology political organization 30. HOW ONE THINKS ABOUT CULTUREOnce a Melting PotNow a SaladA unique blend of distinct flavors A melting pot was the metaphor useto describe the assimilation ofvarious emigrant groups arriving inAmerica from the 1800 through the20th Century. Historically, publiceducation aimed to assimilateemigrants into American society. 31. HOW ONE THINKS ABOUT CULTURE How we think ofculture influencesour educationalsystem. Today we celebratediversity andrecognize Americaas part of a globalsociety. 32. CULTURAL PRIDE AND SHAMEAfrican Americans are apeople rich in culturethat Includesinnovations in: Art Music Religion Sports TechnologyIn February of eachyear we celebratethe accomplishments ofAfrican Americansin the United States. 33. CULTURE PRIDE AND SHAME One source of shame is termedas Self-Hate. Gang violence, drugs, and thedisproportionate number ofAfrican American men in thepenal system is a reflection ofself-hate.There is evidence that the wide spread availability of Crack Cocaine was propagated by United State Government agencies. If these allegations are true, it exposes attempted genocide.Cultural Shame al/9712/ch01p1.htm 34. AmericanMulticulturalism 35. SOURCES Clark, William A.V.(2007). Assimilation, Multiculturalism and the Challenge of Marginalized Groups. UC Los Angeles: CaliforniaCenter for Population Research. Retrieved from: Exceptional Learners: An Introduction to Special Education, Eleventh Edition, by Daniel P. Hallahan, James M. Kauffman, andPaige C. Pullen. Published by Allyn & Bacon.(2009). Page 86-112. FOR BETTER OR FOR WORSE (1992) Lynn Johnston Productions. Distributed by Universal Press Syndicate.Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved. From J. A. Banks, Cultural diversity and education: Foundation, curriculum,and teaching (p. 76). Copyright 1994 by Allyn & Bacon. Reprinted/adaptedwith permission. FOR BETTER OR FOR WORSE (1992) Lynn Johnston Productions. Distributed by Universal Press Syndicate.Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved. National Geographic, (2003) Retrieved November 14, 2009 from Retrieved November 17,2009 from and www.peopl