this presentation is on modals,,,and how to use it ,.. done by Nehala IXB Crescent English School
Text of MODALS PPT
Now Lets See How Modals Is Used In Above Slide! ?And Why It Is
MODAL VERBS I. DEFINITION II. STRUCTURE III. HOW TO USE !
I. DEFINITION MODAL VERBS A modal verb is a type of auxiliary
verb that is used to indicate modality-that is likelihood, ability,
permission, possiblity,... Two of my friends can play guitar
MODAL VERBS LIST OF MODAL VERBS Can Could May Might Will Would
Shall Should Ought to Must
Subject Modal verb Main verb Complement I We They You He She It
must can should may will go to sleep. drink some water. eat some
food. do some exercise. Use the basic form or INFINITIVE of the
main verbs after the modal verbs. II. STRUCTURE
MODAL VERBS a. Modal verbs do not add s or es to the third
person singular. He can swim. He cans swim.
MODAL VERBS Simple I could work He could work It could work
They could work Perfect I could have worked He could have worked It
could have worked They could have worked Continuous I could be
working He could be working It could be working They could be
working Perfect continuous I could have been working He could have
been working It could have been working They could have been
MODAL VERBS b. Modal verbs dont need auxiliaries to form
negative and question. Exp : She should stay. She doesnt should
stay. She shouldnt stay. Why should she stay?Why does she stay? c.
Modal verbs dont have infinitives or ing forms Exp: canning to
MODAL VERBS HOW TO USE CAN Use Example Ability / Possibility
They can control their own work. Impossibility We cant fix it.
Asking for permission Can I bring here? Request Can you help
MODAL VERBS COULD Use Example permission Could I borrow your
dictionary? Request Could you say it again more slowly? possibility
I think we could have another tea. Future I wish Cndrll could meet
me next week. Ability He gave up his old job so he could work for
MODAL VERBS MAY Use Example permission May I have another cup
of coffee? possibility I may finish my homework
MODAL VERBS MIGHT Use Example possibility We'd better phone
tomorrow, they might be eating their dinner now. .
MODAL VERBS OUGHT TO Use Example Saying whats right or correct
She ought to finish by next week.
MODAL VERBS SHALL Use Example Offer Shall I help you with your
luggage? Suggestion Shall we say 2.30 then? Permission Shall I do
that or will you?
MODAL VERBS III. USAGE SHOULD Use Example Saying whats right or
correct We should solve this problem. Possibility Fees should
decrease next year.
MODAL VERBS WILL Use Example decisions I cant see any taxis so
Ill walk Offer I'll do that for you if you like. Promise Ill come
back on Monday.
MODAL VERBS III. USAGE WOULD Use Example permission Would you
mind if I brought a friend with me? Request Would you mind waiting
a moment? Invitation Would you like to play basketball this
M I G H T S H O U L D C O U L D S H A L L W I L L M U S T