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Minimum wages act 1948

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minimum wages act 1948 with some of its features and comparison with china

Text of Minimum wages act 1948

  • 1.MINIMUM WAGES ACT -1948 By: Rahul Lovleen Pratibha

2. DEFINITION The Minimum Wages Act, 1948 Is Based On Article 43 Of The Constitution Of India Which States That, "The State Shall Endeavor To Secure By Suitable Legislation Or Economic Organization Or In Any Other Way To All Workers, Agricultural, Industrial Or Otherwise, Work, A Living Wage (Emphasis Added) Conditions Of Work Ensuring A Decent Standard Of Life And Full Enjoyment Of Leisure And Social And Cultural Opportunities" 3. OR The International Labour Organization Defines Minimum Wage As "The Minimum Sum Payable To A Worker For Work Performed Or Services Rendered, Within A Given Period, Whether Calculated On The Basis Of Time Or Output, Which May Not Be Reduced Either By Individual Or Collective Agreement, Which Is Guaranteed By Law And Which May Be Fixed In Such A Way As To Cover The Minimum Needs Of The Worker And His Or Her Family, In The Light Of National Economic And Social Conditions. 4. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND A Tripartite Committee Viz., "The Committee On Fair Wage" Was Set Up In 1948 To Provide Guidelines For Wage Structures In The Country. The Report Of This Committee Was A Major Landmark In The History Of Formulation Of Wage Policy In India. Its Recommendations Set Out The Key Concepts Of The 'Living Wage', "Minimum Wages" And "Fair Wage" Besides Setting Out Guidelines For Wage Fixation. 5. OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE The Main Objective Of This Act, Is Fixing A Minimum Rate Of Wages In Number Of Industries Where The Labours Are Not Organized And Sweated Labours Are Most Dominant. The Act Aims At Preventing The Exploitation Of Workers Or Labours In Some Industries, For Which, The Appropriate Government Is Empowered To Take Steps To Prescribe Minimum Rates Of Wages In Certain Employment. The Act Extends To The Whole Of India. 6. FEATURES OF MIN. WAGES ACT 1948 Fixing of minimum rates of wages Fixing hours for normal working day Overtime Maintenance of registers and records Inspections Claims Penalties for Offences 7. APPLICABILITY OF WAGES ACT 1948 Agriculture Construction/Maintenance Of Roads And Building Operations. Maintenance Of Buildings Construction And Maintenance Of Runways. Uranium Mines Employment In Laying Down Of Underground Electric, Wireless, Radio, Television, Telephone, Telegraph And Overseas Communication Cables And Similar Other Underground Cabling, Electric Lines Water Supply Lines And Sewerage Pipe Lines. Loading And Unloading In Railways Goods Shed Stone Breaking And Stone Crushing Employment In Sweeping And Cleaning 8. CURRENT MINIMUM WAGES IN INDIA 2013 With Effect From November 2009, The National Floor Level Of Minimum Wage Has Been Increased To Rs 100 Per Day From Rs 80 Per Day (Which Was In Effect Since 2007). Recently With Effect From April 1, 2011 The National Floor Level Of Minimum Wage Has Been Raised To Rs 115 Per Day. 9. MINIMUM WAGES IN 7 STATES OF INDIA A. IN DELHI Total Daily Minimum Wages (In Rupees)Un skilledSemi skilled 297 328Skilled 361 10. B. IN ASSAM Total Daily Minimum Wages (In Rupees)Un skilledSemi skilled 169 175Skilled 227C. IN PUNJAB Un skilledSemi skilled 219 249Skilled 283 11. D. IN HARYANA Total Daily Minimum Wages (In Rupees)Un skilledSemi skilled 205 210Skilled 230E. IN HIMACHAL PRADESH Un skilledSemi skilled 150 158Skilled 188 12. F. IN BIHAR Total Daily Minimum Wages (In Rupees)Un skilledSemi skilled 151 158Skilled 192G. IN RAJASTHAN Un skilledSemi skilled 166 176Skilled 186 13. COMPARISON: MINIMUM WAGES IN CHINA AND INDIA 14. COST OF LIVING OF INDIA 15. According To Planning Commission 16. REFERENCES 17. ANY ? FROM YOUR SIDE IS WELCOMED ?