Michael Sumner - Cognitivism

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  • 1. Michael Sumner

2. The Theory The Theorists The Classroom The TeacherSources 3. Anoffshoot of traditional psychological concepts of thinking, deciding, remembering, etc. Cognitivepsychologists see these activities in how they motivate behavior. Accordingto the theory, thinking and remembering are the same as behavior, thus measuring their effect on learning is made easier 4. The cognitivist paradigm is that the mindshould be opened and understood The learner is seen as an informationprocessor, for example: a computer In other words, the information that comesin is processed and then leads to certainoutcomes Main Menu 5. Benjamin Bloom Sough to classify learning behaviors to understandhow knowledge is absorbed Defined cognitive domain as an intellectual level,defined affective domain as personality, andcategorized psychomotor domain as studentsphysical abilities Created Blooms Taxonomy within cognitive domain Howard Gardner Developed the theory of multiple intelligences Gardners 8 intelligences: linguistic-verbal, logical-mathematical, spatial-visual, body-kinesthetic,musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalist 6. RobertGagne Contributed to the cognitive learning hierarchies Identified 5 major categories of learning: verbalinformation, intellectual skills, cognitivestrategies, motor skills, and attitudes. Identified the 9 events of instruction Allan Paivio Developed the dual coding theory which assumesthat people process information in 2 differentways: processing images and processing oflanguage 7. Othercontributors: Merrill Component Display Theory (CDT) Scandura Structural learning Main Menu 8. Teachers Should follow Gagnes 9 Events of Instruction 1 Gain attention of the learners 2 Inform learners of the objective 3 Stimulate recall of prior learning 4 Present the stimulus or lesson 5 Provide learning guidance and instruction 6 Elicit performance 7 Provide feedback 8 Assess performance 9 Enhance retention and transfer Identify each students Intelligence from Gardners 8 Intelligences to find ways to reach all their students 9. Students Should, through their classwork, homework, and with or without the use of technology: Complete the described competencies in Blooms Taxonomy Knowledge recall information Comprehension explain & predict Application solve problems, use information Anaylsis see patterns, organize parts, recognize hidden meanings Synthesis use previous ideas to create new ones Evaluation discriminate between, judge, and value ideasMain Menu 10. My thoughts This theory, cognitivism, is interesting in the way it pursues the improvement of education. Educators and psychologists are actively and thoughtfully trying to help students and increase their learning by really seeing and understanding them. Its great that there is a lot of emphasis and care for the individual and not as much the whole 11. Application in the Classroom To really apply the theory of cognitivism in my classrooms I would first see how each student learns through activities at the start of the school year. From there I would base the rest of the class and lesson activities on adhering to their unique learning ability I hope from there I could help them truly learn and retain the information and material of the class Main Menu 12. IntegratingTechnology in a Connected World Gary Shelly, Glenda Gunter, Randolph Gunter Pages 261-266 http://www.learning- theories.com/cognitivism.html