1. The Metaphysical Poets They used very unusual conceit. The
poems rely on wit. It establishes connections between the things
which are totally different. The language is simple.
2. They didnt follow the courtly love tradition. They
approached the love as physical not platonic. Lady is there with
him. There is a philosophical relationship among the creator,
created and surrounding.
3. They illustrate and develop ideas in a detailed and over-
complex way, often with an effect of surprise. Unusual images are
taken from all fields of knowledge: history, geography, astronomy,
alchemy, matehematics, etc.
4. John Donne John Donne (1572 1631), the founder of the
metaphysical school of poetry and the greatest representative of
the metaphysical poets, was born of a family with a strong Roman
Catholic tradition. He was educated at the Trinity College,
5. In 1593, Donnes brother Henry died of a fever in prison
after being arrested. This made Donne begin to question his
6. In 1615 he gave up Catholic faith and entered the Anglican
Church and soon became Dean of Saint Pauls Church. As the most
famous preacher during the time, he wrote many religious sermons
and poems. And these were known as his sacred verses.
7. The Flea by John Donne
8. The FleaMarkbut this flea, and mark in this,How little that
which thou deniest me is ;It suckd me first, and now sucks thee,And
in this flea our two bloods mingled be.Thou knowst that this cannot
be saidA sin, nor shame, nor loss of maidenhead ; Yet this enjoys
before it woo, And pamperd swells with one blood made of two ; And
this, alas ! is more than we would do.
9. O stay, three lives in one flea spare,Where we almost, yea,
more than married are.This flea is you and I, and thisOur marriage
bed, and marriage temple is.Though parents grudge, and you, were
met,And cloisterd in these living walls of jet. Though use make you
apt to kill me, Let not to that self-murder added be, And
sacrilege, three sins in killing three.
10. Cruel and sudden, hast thou sincePurpled thy nail in blood
of innocence?Wherein could this flea guilty be,Except in that drop
which it suckd from thee?Yet thou triumphst, and sayst that
thouFindst not thyself nor me the weaker now.Tis true ; then learn
how false fears be ;Just so much honour, when thou yieldst to
me,Will waste, as this fleas death took life from thee.
11. Holy Sonnets X. by John Donne
12. Death, be not proud, though some have called theeMighty and
dreadful, for thou art not so ;For those, whom thou thinkst thou
dost overthrow,Die not, poor Death, nor yet canst thou kill me.From
rest and sleep, which but thy picture[s] be,Much pleasure, then
from thee much more must flow,And soonest our best men with thee do
go,Rest of their bones, and souls delivery.Thourt slave to Fate,
chance, kings, and desperate men,And dost with poison, war, and
sickness dwell,And poppy, or charms can make us sleep as well,And
better than thy stroke ; why swellst thou then ?One short sleep
past, we wake eternally,And Death shall be no more ; Death, thou
13. George Herbert He was born in Wales and educated at trinity
college. He was a member of parliament. In 1630, he became a priest
and moved to Sallsbury. He also occasionally experimented with
hieroglyphic poems, whose shapes match with their meaning.
14. LORD, who createdst man in wealth and store, Though
foolishly he lost the same, Decaying more and more, Till he became
Most poor: With thee O let me rise As larks, harmoniously, And sing
this day thy victories:Then shall the fall further the flight in
15. My tender age in sorrow did beginne: And still with
sicknesses and shame Thou didst so punish sinne, That I became Most
thinne. With thee Let me combine, And feel this day thy victorie,
For, if I imp my wing on thine,Affliction shall advance the flight