La Salle, Klang Building Report Analysis

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<ul><li> TAYLORS UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING AND DESIGN BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONS) (ARCHITECTURE) MARCH INTAKE 2013 - SEMESTER 2 ARCHITECTURE CULTURE AND HISTORY 2 - ARC 1323 PROJECT - ARCHITECTURE HERITAGE BUILDING ANALYSIS LA SALLE SCHOOL, KLANG BUILDING ANALYSIS REPORT GROUP MEMBERS: ALFRED LEE XUE CHYI (0314703) CHARLENE CHAN HUI SHAN (0308518) KIAN SOON JEAN (0314978) NICK LIM WEI ZE (0305863) TUTOR: MS. ANIDA WORDS: 2704 WORDS </li> <li> Content Title Page Number Introduction 2 History of La Salle School Klang 3 Important Events 5 List of Principles 6 History of Klang 7 Art Deco Architecture 10 Comparison of Art Deco 13 Building Inventory 14 References 18 </li> <li> SMK La Salle is a Malaysian national secondary all boys school, founded in the year 1940 by Adrian Devales and Reverend Father L. Guittart. It was initially established as a missionary primary school named the St. Bernadettes School during the flourishing of other missionary schools all across the Straits Settlements such as Penang and Malacca. After several ownership and name changes over the years, the school was divided into two separate schools, namely, SR La Salle &amp; SM La Salle. The former functions as a primary school whereas the latter functions as a secondary school. Today, the La Salle secondary school is known by the name of SMK La Salle. Similar to all Malaysian national schools, it is administered by the Ministry of Education Malaysia. During its humble beginnings, SMK La Salle operated upon a school fee of $2 per student and was dependent on the donations of church members for funds. In the year 1947, principle Fr. Edmund was forced to build a wooden extension to the original existing building as well as rent a double-storey private residence in Jalan Koto (Fort Road) to accommodate the growing number of students. Unfortunately, tight funds and limited capacity in the midst of a rapid student body growth eventually lead to a closure and takeover by the La Salle Brothers who renamed the school to La Salle Institution in 1951. They also bought a 12-acre piece of land along Telok Gadong Road (where SMK La Salle is presently located)l for school expansion. Fund-raising activities were held for the sole purpose of improving the schools aging facilities. The school officially reopened in 1957 under the authority of the La Salle Brothers. In the following year, the construction of 2 Science laboratories, a school hall, 3-storey block containing 4 classrooms, the Lee Kuo Chuan Library, the Office and teachers room and a building for the teaching of Woodwork, Metalwork, Electricity and Power Mechanics was completed. In year 1963, La Salle Institution Klang split into La Salle Primary School and La Salle Secondary School but education activities were still conducted within the same compound. In 1965, a rapid growth of the schools student body forced a set up of temporary sheds to accommodate student activities. The library was used by floating classrooms while the old canteen was modified into a science laboratory to solve the over-crowding issue in the school. </li> <li> Three years later, extra-curriculum activities were provided for the healthy development of both the students mental and physical forms. In 1971, the Students Service Council was founded and a new canteen was opened. SMK La Salle grew rapidly once again in the year 1977 to over 1000 students in number. Consequently, its director decided to replace the temporary sheds with a 3-storey building containing 22 classes, 3 Science labs and an A.V.A. Room which set the school back by $270,000. Funds was raised via a charity function with financial aid from the Parents Teachers Association and the Old Lasallians Association of Klang. In 1983, SMK La Salle became the first school with a computer lab in Klang. In the year 1989, The Ministry of Education Malaysia took over SMK La Salle from the authority of the La Salle brothers. </li> <li> IMPORTANT EVENTS YEAR EVENT 1940 Opened as a private primary school called St. Bernadettes School 1950 School name changed to La Salle Institution 1951 School name changed to La Salle School 1958 New administrative building was built 1963 School was renamed to SR La Salle &amp; SM La Salle, with two separated schools in one area 1980 A Science lab building was constructed (named as Rex C.C. Michael Block) 1983 Operating first computer lab in Klang 1989 Administrated by the Ministry of Education Malaysia and known by the name of SMK La Salle 2004 Replacement of new roof and sidewalk downstairs in Science lab building 2010 Construction of new single storey building for counseling room and art room. </li> <li> LIST OF PRINCIPLES BEGAN ENDED Name 1940 1947 Reverend Father L. Guittart 1947 1951 Reverend Father John Edmund 1952 1957 Reverend Brother Stephen Phillip 1958 1963 Reverend Brother Leo Manicasami 1964 1964 Reverend Brother Celestine Jennings 1965 1967 Reverend Brother John Mathew Neo 1968 1976 Reverend Brother Harold Reynolds 1977 1982 Reverend Brother Cassian Pappu 1983 1985 Reverend Brother David Liao 1986 1988 Reverend Brother Michael Wong 1989 1993 En. Rex C.C. Michael 1993 1994 Pn. K. Sadasivam 1995 1998 En. Shum Kwok Hong 1998 2003 Pn. Hajah Zainon binti Kasim 2003 2006 Pn. Hajah Hasimah binti Karim 2006 2010 Pn. Lily Lee 2010 2012 Pn. Hajah Adliyah binti Ramli 2012 Now Pn. Ding Sooi Chong </li> <li> SMK La Salle is situated in Klang which is one of the oldest Malaysian settlement as the earliest record of its existence dates back to 600 years ago during the Majapahit Government. It was originally named Port Swettenham and appointed as an administrative centre by the Britains when they colonised Malaya. Klang flourished in the late 19th century as its tin ore mining industry grew. Thanks to Port Klang, it became an important trade centre leading to a population spurt in commercial areas following economical successes. However, there seem to be no spill of the economic wealth in trade upon Klang even until today, which explains the relatively low cost of living in Klang. The Location Plan of La Salle in the context of Klang. </li> <li> The Site Plan of La Salle as an overall. Although the human population in Klang today is racially diverse, the Indian-Muslim community forms the majority of Klangs population. This is directly reflected in the diversity of La Salles student body which comprise of 70% Indians whilst other racial groups make up the remaining 30%. In Klang, the notion of Hinduism being a traditional Indian religion is challenged. Nevertheless, cross-cultural programs are encouraged by the MPK and are held at the dataran seni klang. Today, Klang is governed by an authority board formally known as the MPK (Majlis Perbandaran Klang). The MPK, lead by the yang dipertua, was formed in the year 1977 and is mainly financed by Klangs tax-paying land owners, the renting out of public buildings and facilities, and the licensing of businesses and their operating locations. In 2008, Tuan Mislan Bin Tugiu was chosen by the Malaysian public services board to lead the MPK. Spanning over 574 square kilometres today, Klangs cityscape is rather flat compared to its neighbouring cities such as Petaling Jaya and Shah Alam as there are very few skyscrapers around. This can be linked to the fact that around 30% of the land in Klang is employed for agriculture means, covering about 17 000 acres. Despite the common trend of people moving out to more urban towns such as Petaling Jaya over the years, human population in </li> <li> Klang increased from around 562 000 people in the year 2000 to a total of 1042 000 people in the year 2010. Due to an expansion of La Salles student body over the years, subsequent blocks of building were added on to the school compound and several existing structures such as the school canteen was expanded. The whole school was also repainted so that it stands in green and white colours today. One of the earliest structures within the school compound now functions as headquarters. The La Salle School, amongst several other schools are located in the south of Klang, whereby residential houses and shophouses are largely located. These schools are conveniently built within an average distance of 3km from the local residential houses. </li> <li> ART DECO ARCHITECTURE The original building of SMK La Salle Klang was completed at the year 1952 at the schools current location along Jalan Raja. SMK La Salle was designed in the influential Art Deco architecture style which was birthed in France after World War I, succeeding the Art Nouveau architecture period. It flourished globally during the 1930s and 1940s before its popularity waned after World War II. Art Deco is an eclectic style that combines traditional craft motifs with Machine Age imagery and materials. It is often characterized by rich colors, bold geometric shapes, and lavish ornamentation. It was adapted to a certain extent throughout prewar Malaysia, particularly in the design of shop houses. Art Deco emerged from the Interwar period when rapid industrialization was transforming culture. One of its major attributes is the embrace of technology. The organic motifs favoured by its architectural predecessor, distinguishes Art Deco from it. During its heyday, Art Deco represents luxury, glamour, exuberance, and faith in social and technological progress. There are a few reasons why we considered La Salle Klang to be an Art Deco building. The characteristics of Art Deco buildings are usually richly embellished with hardedged, low-relief designs: geometric shapes, including chevrons and ziggurats; and stylized floral and sunrise patterns. To keep the cost of the building down, Art Deco buildings are usually of minimalism, ornamental treatment is often limited to the most visible parts of the building. The administrative building's facade had conveyed the art deco style with the ample use of rectilinear lines. Besides that, simple decorative squares also known as banding are placed on the facade with contrasting colour. In art deco style, everything usually comes in sets of 3. in this facade we can see the ornamentation such as bandings, cuboids and flagpole on the roof come in sets of threes. In classic Art Deco, rectangular blocky forms were often arranged in a geometric fashion. Similarly to the La Salle Klang building, it comprises of geometrical shapes of square and rectangles to form the whole facade as well as structure of the building. The materials used in Art Deco buildings usually includes stucco, concrete, smoothfaced stone, and Terracotta. Steel and aluminum were often used along with glass blocks and decorative opaque plate glass. </li> <li> The material used for the school, La Salle was considerably cheap. Materials usually found on Art Deco style building such as glass blocks are not found in the school most probably due to its low cost construction. Nevertheless, steel casement windows have been applied to the facade instead of louver windows used around the less important areas of the school. Another special characteristic about the architectural style of this building is the windows. Windows usually appear as punctured openings, either square or round. To maintain a streamlined appearance for the building, they were often arranged in continuous horizontal bands of glass. Wall openings are sometimes filled with decorative glass or with glass blocks, creating a contrast of solid and void forms while admitting daylight. The Kennedy-Warren Apartments is an example of Art Deco style windows. The window features in La Salle Klang. </li> <li> Roof Art Deco designers adorned flat roofs with parapets, spires, or tower-like constructs to accentuate a corner or entrance. Decorative curiosities such as chimneys were added to further enhance the design. In the case of La Salle Klang, the reason the the pitch roof is to suit the local context of Klang that is more of a tropical climate. During rainy days, it is easier for the rainwater to flow off the roof when it is pitch roofing. Entrance Doorways are sometimes surrounded with elaborate pilasters and pediments, and door surrounds are often embellished with either reading (a convex decoration) or fluting (a concave decoration). The quality and extent of the decorative motifs vary by project and designer. La Salle has many other branches of schools and colleges around the globe. Even so, the architectural style of Art Deco still leaves its traces in other La Salles in Malaysia, mainly La Salle PJ. The facade of La Salle PJ also has the same characteristic of La Salle Klang, that is it is basically geometrically formed from basic square and rectangular shapes, windows that are arranged in continuous horizontal bands of glass. A panoramic view of La Salle PJ A panoramic view of La Salle Klang </li> <li> Art deco architecture, painting, etc. is recognizable because of three main things: distinct geometric shapes, intense, bright colors that stand out, and a decorative look. "Art Deco is characterized by a linear, hard edge or angular composition, often with a vertical emphasis, and highlighted with stylized decoration" (Blumenson 77) COMPARISON BETWEEN LA SALLE AND CENTEAL MARKET La Salle School, Klang Central Market, Kuala Lumpur Pitched roof was employed Flat roof was applied Strong sense of linearity Ornamentations and intense colors were used Geometrical massing structure </li> <li> 2.0 BUILDING INVENTORY ELEMENTS 2.1 Pediment Components Roof Pediment - Pediment shape was employed to create pitch roof. Ornamentation - 3 chevrons and 3 concrete flagpoles were used as the decoration. Detail description Pitched roof was implemented on the building instead of flat roof due to overcoming the high rain index in Malaysia. Besides that, as an art deco building, the ornamentation on the building comes in sets of three, similar to all other art deco buildings. The pediment used to top the building is simply decorated with simple geometrical shapes which further enhance the art deco element in the building. </li> <li> 2.2 Fenestration Components Windows Doors Detail descript...</li></ul>