2. Kabuki of Japan Is a form of traditional Japanese drama with highly stylized song, mine, and dance, now performed only male actors. Japanese originally used this as a verb meaning act dissolutely later interpreting the word as ka for song, bu for dance, and ki for art/skill.
3. Kabuki theater is known for the stylization of its drama and for the elaborate makeup worn by some of its performers. Kabuki is therefore sometimes translated as the art of singing and dancing. Since the word kabuki is believed to derive from the verb kabuku, meaning to learn or to be out of the ordinary, kabuki can be bizarre theater. The expression kabukimono referred originally to those who were
4. The Kabuki Stage Features Hanamichi - a flower path, a walkway which extends into the audience via which dramatic entrances and exits are made; Okuni also performs on a hanamichi stage with her entourage. Kogakudo - Kabuki theaters that have stages both in front of the audience and along the sides help create a bond between the actors and viewers.
5. Mawaro butal - the interior of the theater contains a revolving stage. Suppon - a platform that rises from below the stage. Hanamicho - a walkway that cuts through the audience seating area to connect the stage with the back of the theater. Magicians and supernatural beings often make their entrances from trap doors in the hanamichi. Some stages have 17 trapdoors.
6. The Three Main Categories of the Kabuki Play Jidaimono historical or pre-Sengoku period stories. Sewamono domestic or post-Sengoku stories. Shosagoto dance pieces.
7. Jidaimono Or history plays, were set within the context of major events in Japanese history. Strict censorship laws during the Edo period prohibited the representation of contemporary events and particularly prohibited criticizing the shogunate or casting it in a bad light, although enforcement varied greatly over the years.
8. Sewamono Focused primarily upon commoners (townspeople and peasants). It is generally related to themes of family drama and romance.
9. Elements of Kabuki Mie in which the actor holds a picturesque pose to establish his character and his house name Yag, is sometimes heard in a loud shout (kekegoe) from an expert audience member, serving both to express and enhance the audiences appreciation of the actors achievement. An even greater actors father Kesh.
10. Actors are seperated into two main categories: Onna-gata refer to the female roles and Aragato refer to the male roles. Most main characters in kabuki plays are aragoto, because of its superstylized masculine, heroic style.
11. Makeup is also one of the most iconic parts of kabuki. Actors apply their own makeup by painting their faces and necks white, then adding stylized lines red, black, or blue. The colors and lines that are used tells what kind of character is being performed. Red and blue are usually aragoto roles, onn-gata playing young women have very little paint. These are examples of famous kabuki characters. A characters makeup, like everything else, is decided by tradition.
12. Kabuki make up provides element of style easily recognizable even by those unfamiliar with the art form. Rice powder is used to create the white oshiroi base for the characteristic stage make-up, and kumadori enhances or exaggerates facial lines to produce dramatic animal or supernatural character. The color of the kumadori is an expression of the characters nature:
13. Red lines are used to indicate passion, heroism, righteousness, and other positive traits; Pink for youthful joy; Light blue for an even temper; Pale green for peacefulness; Blue or black for villainy, jealousy, and other negative traits; Green for the supernatural; and Purple for nobility.
14. Kabuki is performed in full-day programs. Audiences escape from the day-to-day world, developing a full day to entertainment. Through some individual plays, particularly the historical jidaimono, might last an entire day, most were shorter and sequenced with other plays in order to produce a full-day program.
15. The play occupies five acts. The first corresponds to Jo, an auspicious and slow opening which introduces the audience to the characters and the plot. Ha, speeding events up, culminating almost always in a great moment of drama or tragedy in the third act and possibly a battle in the second and / or fourths acts. Kyu, is almost always short, providing a quick and satisfying
16. Are often quite interesting. Flowing water is usually represented by fluttering rolls of linen; or creatures like insects and foxes. Props often have symbolic meanings. Fans are used to represent wind, a sword, a tobacco pipe, waves or food. Kabuki props
17. Are swung from sticks or manipulated by helpers who come on stage dressed in black hooded robesso; they are invisible to the audience. The female characters generally wear an elaborate kimono and obi. Pleated hakuma trousers are worn by characters of sexes. Actors playing both sexes often have a supported midriff because a straight and curveless figure are regarded the essence of Costumes
18. Is considered as an art. There are special teams that take care of complete and partial costume changes and are done as part of the performance. Costume Changing
19. Are important accessories, with each costumes having its own type. Specialized craftsmen shape the wigs to the head. Wigs are made of human hair, horse hair, bear fur or yak- tail hair imported from Tibet. Wigs
20. Prepared by: Borreta, Suzzette G. & De Belen, Luisa Marie E. Group 4