1. Anexchangebetween a student and a computer program. It begins with a screen touch, a mouse click, a key press or other input by a student. It ends when the discernablereactionof the program is complete.Therelationamong objects that do something to one another.Evidenceof interaction is anobservableeffect that is interpreted as arising from the interaction of certain objects.Theinfluenceof objects, materials, or events on one another.Aconversationorexchangebetween people.Reciprocalaction; action orinfluenceof persons or thingson each other (Oxford English Dictionary).Theeffectof one variable on another variable. Define: Interaction[in-ter-ak-sh uh -n ]
2. exchange 3. reaction 4. relation 5. observableevidence 6. influence 7. conversation 8. reciprocal 9. effect 10. Why is interaction good? 11. Interaction offers the teacher a window onto student thinking 12. Interaction enhances peer learning 13. The whole is greater than the sum of its parts Interaction allows collaboration 14. Effective interactionrequires thought 15. Without interaction everyone is on their own 16. In terms of real interaction... 17. ...how is this... 18. ...so very different from this? 19. ...or this? 20. 21. Technology can be an enabler of interaction ... 22. ... and it can be a barrier 23. How doyouuseyourIWB? 24. IWB use 25. Josiah F Bumstead, 1841. Speaking about the invention of the chalkboard The inventor of this systemdeserves to be ranked among the best contributors to learningand science, if not the greatestbenefactors of mankind. 26. Could you use a chalkboard to do some of the things that you do on the IWB? 27. IWB use Is an IWB essential for the task? If not, what other equipment could be used? Rate from 1-5 the interactivity (1 = best) 28. The focus on interactivity as a technical process leads to some relatively mundane activities being seen as good with interaction with the board appearing to stand for learning. Moss, G.et al 2007, p41 29. The only form of interactivity we saw was the tactile benefit for young learners ... Schuck, S.and Kearney, M 2007 30. Yet, in the studies, the perception of many teachers was that the IWBs made lessons more interactive 31. Can IWBs Act as a Catalyst for the Development of Interactive Pedagogy? Perhaps but will it be a new pedagogy?Most teachers continue teaching according to their existing philosophy. 32. Why Imy IWB! 33. It can be a window on to the world 34. They appear to encourage teachers to be more interested in computer technologies and provide a bridge into the digital world, for both teachers and students. Schuck, S. and Kearney, M., 2006 35. demonstrating applications 36. pace 37. preparation head teachers suggested that the impact of the whiteboards was most positive in the increased preparation that teachers were putting into their lessons. (Burden and Sietniekas cited in Schuck and Kearney 2007) 38. resources 39. sharing 40. recording lessons 41. continuity 42. everything at your fingertips 43. multimodal 44. Interactives or Learning objects But be aware... 45. Some interactives can be like a chimpanzee banging on a typewriter 46. Text + Diagram + Hyperlink = Interactive? 47. Choices + Feedback + Challenges = Interactive! 48. IWBs can become interactive when we use... Problem solving Well crafted software Graphical organisers Expert Jigsaw Reflection Critical thinking Etc. Etc. Think-pair-share Targeted discussion Etc. ... Existing interactive pedagogies 49. The Hype 50. But ... 51. this small though statistically important gain was not sustained into the second year of implementation. Balanskat, A.et al 2006, p27 52. Initial enthusiasm for all things IWB ... the novelty factor ... soon wears off. 53. A critical review of the literature on IWBs by Higginset al.(2005) also concluded that there does not appear to be any evidence linking increased pupil attainment with use of IWBs Schuck, S. and Kearney, M., 2007 54. Where would you place yourself? Modified from Gartner Inc. Hype Cycle ENTHUSIASM IWBs arrive 55. Avoiding barriers to effective IWB use 56. Consult 57. Target Early Adopters 58. Training and support 59. It needs to workevery time 60. Position Position Position 61. 62. Mistaking IWBs for a pedagogy rather than a tool 63. In Summary: 64. Its not the Tool that makes the learning experience 65. ... its the Teacher!