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INCLUSIVE EDUCATION

INCLUSIVE EDUCATIONMiss Meenu Choudhary Assistant ProfessorSri Guru Teg Bahadur College Of Education,Khankot ,AmritsarUniversity of GNDUAugust, 2015

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WHEN LEARNING IS PURPOSEFUL, CREATIVITY BLOSSOMS,WHEN CREATIVITY BLOSSOMS,THINKING ENAMATES,WHEN THINKING ENAMATES,KNOWLEDGE IS FULLY LIT,WHEN KNOWLEDGE IS FULLY LIT,ECONOMY FLOURISHES.:- BY DR. APJ ABDUL KALAM

INCLUSIVE EDUCATION

MEANINGInclusive Education is defined as a learning environment that promotes the full personal, academic and professional development of all learners irrespective of race, class, colour, gender, disability, sexual preference, learning styles and language.

NCSNET,1997,SOUTH AFRICA

CHILDREN WHO LEARN TOGETHER, LIVE TOGETHER

The District Education Programme , 1985The National Policy on Education, 1986

The Project Integrated Education for the Disabled, launched in 1987

The person with Disabilities Act, 1995

The Integrated Education for Disabled Children Scheme, launched in 1974

The sarva shiksha abhiyan, 2000

Making all schools disabled-friendly by 2020. (march, 2005)

PRINCIPLES OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATIONNo discrimination with studentsEqual educational opportunity to allSchool adapt to the need of studentEqual educational benefits for all studentsThe students views are listened to and taken seriouslyIndividual differences between students are a source of richness and diversity, and not a problem

PRACTICE OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATIONThe practice of developing inclusive schools involvesUnderstanding Inclusion as a continuing process, not a one time event. strengthening and sustaining the participation of all students, teachers, parents and community members in the work of the school.Restructuring the cultures, policies and practices in schools to respond to the diversity of pupils within their locality.Providing an accessible curriculum and appropriate training programmes for all (teachers and students).Identifying and providing support for staff as well as students.

GENDER RATIO

Male disabled 18%Female disabled 14%Male non-disabled 30%Female- non disabled 38%

NEED AND IMPORTANCE To fulfil the constitutional resposibilitiesTo enable children to stay with their familiesFor the development of healthy citizenshipFor achieving the universalisationDeveloping feeling of self respectFor the use of modern technologyFor social equalitySelf reliant

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION Education for allProtection of rightsIdentification of skillsDevelopment of social consciousnessTo prepare for new challengesDevelopment of brotherhoodTo improve quality of education

PROBLEMS FACED BY STUDENTS

PROBLEMS FACED BY STUDENTS

Inferiority complexLack of understandingAdjustment problemIsolated and segregatedLag behindFeeling of Extra burdenInsecurityLack of expressionIntrovert natureNegative approachShyness

ROLE OF TEACHERInteraction with familyTo be able to solve their problemTo develop new learning strategies To be able to develop self confidenceTo be able to provide special facilitiesTo be able to look after their personal needsTo be able to recognize their hidden talentsTo inculcate positive attitude in the able-bodies children

TEACHING STRATEGIES FOR INCLUSIVE EDUCATIONCo-operative learning

Peer tutoring

Multi-sensory teaching

DESIGN OF CLASSROOM FOR INCLUSIVE EDUCATIONSize of classTeaching aidsRestriction of timeArrangement of lightAttention to physical needsSpecial attention to disabled children

REFORMS IN CURRICULUMUse of teaching AidsSimple curriculumAdequate facilitiesParticipation in gamesCo-operative curriculumProviding reading materialParticipation in co-curricular activitiesMulti-level and flexible curriculum

NATIONAL CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK (NFC) 2005

Gifted childrenNormal childrenMentally challenged childrenPhysically challenged children

CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDSTEACHERNORMAL CHILDREN

BARRIERS IN INCLUSIVE EDUCATIONNegative approachLack of physical facilitiesLack of fundsLack of trained teachersSocial discriminationEmotional problemsEducational problems

STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE INCLUSIVE EDUCATIONMainstreaming

Encourage students

Improve textbooks

..Special training to teachers

Special care of special children

Improve methods of teaching

Provision of required resources

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