IMPLEMENTING RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE ENHANCED BASIC EDUCATION ACT OF 2013 (REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10533) Pursuant to Section 16 of Republic Act No. 10533, entitled An Act Enhancing the Philippine Basic Education System by Strengthening Its Curriculum and Increasing the Number of Years for Basic Education, Appropriating Funds Therefor and for Other Purposes, otherwise known as the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013,approved on May 15, 2013, and which took effect on June 8, 2013, the Department of Education (DepEd), the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), hereby issue the following rules and regulations to implement the provisions of the Act. RULE I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Section 1. Title. These rules and regulations shall be referred to as the Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013 (Republic Act No. 10533). Section 2. Scope and Application. The provisions of this IRR shall primarily apply to all public and private basic educational institutions and learning centers. This IRR shall also apply to Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), TechnicalVocational Institutions (TVIs), duly recognized organizations acting as Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs), and foundations. Section 3. Declaration of Policy. This IRR shall be interpreted in light of the Declaration of Policy found in Section 2 of the Act. Section 4. Definition of Terms. For purposes of this IRR, the following terms shall mean or be understood as follows: (a) Act refers to Republic Act No. 10533, entitled An Act Enhancing the Philippine Basic Education System by Strengthening Its Curriculum and Increasing the Number of Years for Basic Education, Appropriating Funds Therefor and for Other Purposes, otherwise known as the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013.
(b) Learning Center refers to a physical space to house learning resources and facilities of a learning program for out-of-school youth and adults. It is a venue for face-to-face learning activities and other learning opportunities for community development and improvement of the peoples quality of life. This may also be referred to as Community Learning Center authorized or recognized by the DepEd. (c) Learner refers to a pupil or student, or to a learner in the alternative learning system. (d) Mother Language or First Language (L1) refers to the language or languages first learned by a child, which he/she identifies with, is identified as a native language user of by others, which he/she knows best, or uses most. This includes Filipino sign language used by individuals with pertinent disabilities. The regional or native language refers to the traditional speech variety or variety of Filipino sign language existing in a region, area or place. (e) Non-DepEd Public School refers to a public school offering basic education operated by an agency of the national government other than the DepEd, or by a local government unit. Section 5. Basic Education. Pursuant to Section 3 of the Act, basic education is intended to meet basic learning needs which provides the foundation on which subsequent learning can be based. It encompasses kindergarten, elementary, and secondary education as well as alternative learning systems for out-of-school learners and those with special needs under Section 8 of this IRR. Section 6. Enhanced Basic Education Program. For purposes of this IRR and pursuant to Section 4 of the Act, the enhanced basic education program encompasses at least one (1) year of kindergarten education, six (6) years of elementary education, and six (6) years of secondary education, in that sequence. Secondary education includes four (4) years of junior high school and two (2) years of senior high school education. The enhanced basic education program may likewise be delivered through the alternative learning system.
Kindergarten Education is the first stage of compulsory and mandatory formal education which consists of one (1) year of preparatory education for children at least five (5) years old as a prerequisite for Grade 1. Elementary Education refers to the second stage of compulsory basic education which is composed of six (6) years. The entrant age to this level is typically six (6) years old. Secondary Education refers to the third stage of compulsory basic education. It consists of four (4) years of junior high school education and two (2) years of senior high school education. The entrant age to the junior and senior high school levels are typically twelve (12) and sixteen (16) years old, respectively. The DepEd may allow private educational institutions flexibility in adopting the program provided that they comply with the DepEd-prescribed minimum standards consistent with the Act. Section 7. Compulsory Basic Education. It shall be compulsory for every parent or guardian or other persons having custody of a child to enroll such child in basic education, irrespective of learning delivery modes and systems, until its completion, as provided for by existing laws, rules and regulations. Section 8. Inclusiveness of Enhanced Basic Education. In furtherance of Section 3 of the Act, inclusiveness of enhanced basic education shall mean the implementation of programs designed to address the physical, intellectual, psychosocial, and cultural needs of learners, which shall include, but shall not be limited to, the following: 8.1. Programs for the Gifted and Talented. These shall refer to comprehensive programs for the gifted and talented learners in all levels of basic education. 8.2. Programs for Learners with Disabilities. These shall refer to the comprehensive programs designed for learners with disabilities which may be home-, school-, center- or community-based.
8.3. Madrasah Program. This shall refer to the comprehensive program using the Madrasah curriculum prescribed by the DepEd, in coordination with the Commission on Muslim Filipinos, for Muslim learners in public and private schools. 8.4. Indigenous Peoples (IP) Education Program. This shall refer to the program that supports education initiatives undertaken through formal, non-formal, and informal modalities with emphasis on any of, but not limited to, the key areas of: Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Practices and community history; indigenous languages; Indigenous Learning System (ILS) and community life cycle-based curriculum and assessment; educational goals, aspirations, and competencies specific to the Indigenous Cultural Community (ICC); engagement of elders and other community members in the teaching-learning process, assessment, and management of the initiative, recognition and continuing practice of the communitys ILS; and the rights and responsibilities of ICCs. 8.5. Programs for Learners under Difficult Circumstances. This shall refer to the timely and responsive programs for learners under difficult circumstances, such as, but not limited to: geographic isolation; chronic illness; displacement due to armed conflict, urban resettlement, or disasters; child abuse and child labor practices. Section 9. Acceleration. Acceleration of learners in public and private basic educational institutions shall be allowed, consistent with DepEd rules and regulations. RULE II. CURRICULUM Section 10. Basic Education Curriculum Development. In the development of the Basic Education Curriculum, the DepEd shall be guided by the following: 10.1. Formulation and Design. Pursuant to Section 5 of the Act, the DepEd shall formulate the design and details of the enhanced basic education curriculum. The DepEd shall work with the CHED and TESDA to craft harmonized basic, tertiary, and technical-vocational education curricula for Filipino graduates to be locally and globally competitive.
10.2. Standards and Principles. The DepEd shall adhere to the following standards and principles, when appropriate, in developing the enhanced basic education curriculum: (a) The curriculum shall be learner-centered, inclusive and developmentally appropriate; (b) The curriculum shall be relevant, responsive and research-based; (c) The curriculum shall be gender- and culture-sensitive; (d) The curriculum shall be contextualized and global; (e) The curriculum shall use pedagogical approaches that are constructivist, inquiry-based, reflective, collaborative and integrative; (f) The curriculum shall adhere to the principles and framework of Mother TongueBased Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) which starts from where the learners are and from what they already know proceeding from the known to the unknown; instructional materials and capable teachers to implement the MTB-MLE curriculum shall be available. For this purpose, MTB-MLE refers to formal or nonformal education in which the learners mother tongue and additional languages are used in the classroom; (g) The curriculum shall use the spiral progression approach to ensure mastery of knowledge and skills after each level; and (h) The curriculum shall be flexible enough to enable and allow schools to localize, indigenize and enhance the same based on their respective educational and social contexts. 10.3. Production and Development of Materials. The production and development of locally produced teaching and learning materials shall be encouraged. The approval of these materials shall be devolved to the regional and division education unit in accordance with national policies and standards.
10.4. Medium of Teaching and Learning. Pursuant to Sections 4 and 5 of the Act, basic education shall be delivered in languages understood by the learners as