Imperialism hoggard2automatic

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    27-Nov-2014

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Imperialism. This was adapted from "Imperialism, 1870-1900" from "Events that Changed the World." Includes a good essay by T.K. Welliver.

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<ul><li> 1. ImperialismThe World at a Glance</li></ul> <p> 2. Objectives for the lecture At the end of this lecture students will understand 19th and early 20th century imperialism by analyzing the following: The historical background. How can it be explained? Where did it occur? 3. WHAT WAS THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 4. Imperialism Defined Before explaining the historical background, we need a working definition 5. Imperialism Defined The policy of extending a nations authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political hegemony over other nations. (hegemony=authority, power, dominion) 6. Background Expansionism has occurred in at least 3 waves: Colonial empires in the Age of Discovery that gave us heroes such as 7. Background Expansionism has occurred in at least 3 waves: Colonial empires in the Age of Discovery Imperialism of the end of the late 19th century that gave us 8. OR 9. Background Expansionism has occurred in at least 3 waves: Colonial empires in the Age of Discovery Imperialism of the end of the late 19th century And our current state of affairs today 10. Background 1st phase- explorers, merchants, &amp; priests traversed the globe Spain, Portugal, England, &amp; France leading colonial powers European empires gone from America Only GB retained American empire in name 11. Background However, Europeans not determined to build empires Concern was commerce Trade with natives 12. Background 19th Century Europe focused energies on: 13. Background 19th Century Europe focused energies on: Nation-building 14. Background 19th Century Europe focused energies on: Nation-building The Industrial Revolution 15. Background 19th Century Europe focused energies on: Nation-building The Industrial Revolution Conflict between liberalism and conservatism Colonialism was an afterthought 16. Background After 1870, the Western world expanded again Swooping down upon the globe and figuratively devouring it The West had to possess- trade agreements not enough Invested in colonies Built RRs Imposed European values 17. WHAT EXPLAINS THIS SUDDEN AND UNEXPECTED DEVELOPMENT? 18. An explanation Economics figured prominently Colonies promised: Inexpensive raw materials Cheap labor Guaranteed markets Political considerations Christianity Western perception of perceived superiority 19. The Technological Imperative Regardless of the why, success rested on: Technology and organizational predominance Efficient military formations Modern rifles Maxim (machine guns) Battle of Obderman, Sudan 1898 British slaughtered 11,000 tribesman 20. Global phenomenon Late 19th century imperialism was indeed global The Middle East Black Africa (different from say South Africa) But Asia was the prize, certainly for America 21. Three most important Asian countries were: 22. Three most important Asian countries were: 23. Three most important Asian countries were: 24. Japan Until 1853, Japan lived in isolation Commodore Matthew Perry changed that Gunboat Diplomacy Japan had a revolution in 1867 Adopted western technology an practices yet attempted to maintain their tradition </p>