IEA - Palestra "Intera§£o Universidade-empresa"

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Evento realizado pelo Instituto de Estudos Avançados da USP Polo Ribeirão Preto. Prof. Dr. Luiz Eugênio Mello 26/03/2012

Text of IEA - Palestra "Intera§£o Universidade-empresa"

  • 1. 0 Vale Technology Institute

2. Vale Technological Institute: DEPARTAMENTO DO INSTITUTOATECNOLGICO VALE - DITVMining Company Strategyfor the 21st CenturyLuiz 3. Technology and Innovation at ValeVales technology centersVale Base Metals Technology Development (VBMTD, Canada)When Vale acquired Canadian mining company Inco in 2006, it also gained an important technology center, now called theVale Bse Metals Technology Development center, in Mississauga in the Toronto region. Having operated for more than 100years, the facility is a global center of reference in nickel technology and is staffed by 130 employees.The main aim of this technology center is to increase Vales competitive advantages in the nickel business, supporting thecompanys growth strategies through the responsible, safe and environmentally friendly use of technology, particularly inthe fields of nickel and copper processing, hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy.2 4. Technology and Innovation at ValeVales technology centersFerrous Metals Technology Center (CTF)Opened in September 2008, following a R$15 million investment.It has first-class facilities for simulating the entire iron production process, including the processing stage and the behaviorof ore in steelworks. The centers main objective is to evaluate iron ores characteristics and its suitability for use insteelworks.Located in Nova Lima in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais), the centers laboratories are equippedwith modern scientific and technological resources and staffed by 30 researchers and 50 technical and administrativeprofessionals.3 5. Technology and Innovation at ValeVales technology centers Bayovar Project in Peru: phosphatesSince the 1960s, when the Mineral Development Center Moatize Project in Mozambique: coalwas established in Minas Gerais, Vale has been Tres Valles Project in Chile: copperinvesting in technological development. Since Vale Evate Project in Mozambique: phosphatesentered the global mining market in 2002, this center hasbeen developing the technologies used in its greenfield Neuquem Project in Argentina: potashprojects. Las Cuevas Project in Colombia: coal Antofalla Project in Argentina: potash4 6. Technology and Innovation at ValeLeveraging valueReduction in waterReduction in CO2 Reduction in dustconsumption:emissions: emissions:At Carajs Mine in Par, where Vale In the truckless system developedTo prevent particulates in orecurrently produces around one third by Vale, mining is carried out using heaps from being dispersed byof its iron ore, a new technology mobile crushing units and conveyor the wind, Vale used wind fencehas enabled water savings belts to replace off-highway trucks. technology for the first time inequivalent to the amountThis new approach cuts CO2 Latin America, at Tubaro Port inconsumed by a city of 430,000Vitria. The first wind fenceemissions by around 77%, reducesinhabitants (19.7 million m3 per installed cut dust emissions bydiesel consumption by 76% andyear) and has also cut power approximately 77%.lessens workers risk exposure.consumption by over 18,000megawatts per year, by eliminatingthe use of water to process ore.5 7. Technology and Innovation at ValeEver-more complex mineral deposits containing contaminants and at greatdepths require new technologiesUsing lower-grade iron ore:At the oldest mines of Minas Gerais, modern processing technologies will allow ore of 40%iron content or less to be enriched to around 62% to 65%, in line with marketspecifications. This process represents the third technological wave in making use of mineralresources in the Iron Quadrangle region, starting in the 1940s with rich hematite ore, evolvingthrough technological advances to use friable low-grade itabirite, and now using compact, evenlower-grade itabirite.Using lower-grade potash ore:In Sergipe, Vale operates a pilot plant and uses the solution mining technique rather thanconvention underground methods. The project entails extracting carnallite rock, with muchlower concentrations of KCl (12%) than the sylvinite rock currently mined at Valesindustrial unit in Sergipe (26%).6 8. Technology and Innovation at ValeInvestment in technological innovationLimitations to conventional processes are primarily economic (low intrinsic value, highprocessing cost, etc) or technical (such as the presence of contaminants). Technologicalinnovation is essential to the sustainability of mining.Innovative technologies for copper:Vale is studying alternative ways of developing copperresources in the Carajs region. A demonstrationplant is currently operating in the copper minesindustrial area to test a cutting-edge technologyfor treating copper concentrates. This plant, whichis capable of producing 10,000 tons of copper cathodeper year, is testing the technical and economicfeasibility of the hydrometallurgical process.7 9. Technology and Innovation at ValeInvestment in technological innovationInnovative technologies for coal:In association with Portuguese company SGC Energia, Vale is developing a technology toproduce liquid fuels as an alternative to petroleum.The technology enables coal deposits to be harnessed to a greater extent by using theirsmaller fractions. It will be tested on a pilot scale at the industrial area of Vales coal mine inMozambique.Innovative technologies for nickel:Lateritic nickel ores account for around 70% of global reserves of this metal. Varioustechnological challenges involved in processing these ores must be overcome in order for newprojects to become economically attractive in current market conditions. Vale is studying,evaluating and developing a range of innovative hydrometallurgical processingtechnologies to make using lateritic nickel ores economically feasible.8 10. Operating ModelDITVs operations are centered in H3 researchWhat is an H3 problem? New Exploration of newNew businessmarket markets categoriesSituation 1:Application of new technologies to currenttechnological challengesExistingmarket inGrowth intowhich theadjacent Market knowledgecompanymarketsSituation 2: does notoperateApplication of new technologies to newmarketsSituation 3: ExistingUse of technologies mastered by Vale in market inwhich theExplorationnew applicationscompany New generation of new Improvements and costoperates reduction variations of productscategories Existing technology Existing technology New mastered by the not mastered by technology company companyKnowledge of technology Source: Christian Terwieschand Karl Urich (2009) Innovation Tournaments: Creating and Selecting Exceptional Opportunities9 11. Vale Technology Committee VTCStrategic Technology ManagementVale Technology Committee is the first initiative towards strategic coordination of Valestechnology and R&D activities and investments.VSEVale VEL TechnologyTechnologicalServices R&DInstituteBioEnergy Technology Committee Process Technology - CanadaStrategyFertilizersFerrous Planning and Develop.Energy Integrated Environ. &Plan. & Tech. SustainableInnovation andDevelop. Develop. DevelopmentBiopalma Tecnored 12. Science goals 13. Technological ResearchDITV has taken an important step forward in shifting Vales technology andinnovation management towards an open-innovation approach History of R&D at Vale19651997 20032006 2009 1 23 4 R&D structure5Technology DITV SUTEC Business units and ITVsCommitteeinstitutionally created decentralizedvisioncreatedformalizedevaluated Revenues New marketsNewSpin-offsrevenuesLicensing NewmarketsRevenue in theRevenue in themarket itself market itselfPresentInternalInternalmarketdevelopment developmentcentercenter ExpensesClosed ModelOpen Innovation Model Closed Innovation ModelOpen Innovation Model13 14. Vale Technology InstituteAspirationArchitectural modelITV Sustainable Development Belm, Par14 15. Vale Technology InstituteArchitectural DesignITV Mining Ouro Preto Architect: Fernando Peixoto15 16. Operating ModelA collaborative network connecting not only ITV centers, but also domestic andinternational institutions Canad USAEurope ChinaBrazil ITV DS Par frica NetworkITV MinMinasAustraliaGerais ITV16 17. Vale Technology InstituteLegal FrameworkBy-laws approved on April 29, 2010Purpose of institutionTo promote the development and disseminationof research and technologies of technical andscientific nature, and other related activities. GeneralForm of organization AssemblyThe Vale Technology Institute Association (ITV)is a non-profit private institution of indefiniteManagement Auditduration.CouncilCouncilITV will be created as a single legal entity,headquartered in Rio de Janeiro and with Executive Boardoperations in Belm and Ouro Preto. Scientific CouncilDistribution of surplusesIt will not distribute any operational and financialsurpluses that may arise, dividends, bonuses,stakes or parts of its assets. ITVITV SustainableMiningRemuneration DevelopmentIt will not remunerate the positions of itsManagement Council, Executive Board and AuditCouncil, nor the activities of its members.17 18. Value propositionsDITV offers to its stakeholders:Vale Business Units (BU) Facilitate access to partnerships, financial resources, andspecialized knowledge (researchers) Use of synergies among the BU Human resources training Internal Access to technological solutions generated outside the companyCorporate Strategic options for future business Strengthen Vales image with regard to technology and innovationS&T Community Strengthen the S&T system Specialized human resources (MSc, PhD, etc) ExternalGovernment and Regions Regional development associated with research, innovation,and technology Regional increase of the S&T community 19. Operational model- ITV Units MSc and PhD programs Extension and training courses Visiting professors and pos-docs Scientific endeavor and technological development Sustainable Development, Mining and Ene