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Iccee2012 paper baylon

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Use of Internet and Social Networking Tools in Engineering Education

Text of Iccee2012 paper baylon

  • 1.USING INTERNET AND SOCIAL NETWORKING TOOLS IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION MICHAEL B. BAYLON AND ORLANDO P. LOPEZABSTRACT: The internet, since its first inception, was invented because of efficient informationdeliverance. Together with this goal, it has to fill the gap of interactivity, not only for twonodes in the communication setup, but also creating a network of interaction. With thispremise, web-based or online social networking was used to assess its effects as an environmentwhere appropriate tools were supplemented by the said medium in engineering education. Partof validating different aspects of the social networking tools applicability is to design andconduct a survey of the authors students on the usefulness of internet tools, especially inworking out their individual, dual, and group modes of learning while subjecting them todifferent levels of difficulty in their assigned tasks. Ultimately, the paper suggests how theseinternet tools are used effectively in educating engineers of the future.KEYWORDS: social networking, tools in engineering education, internet, web-based learningtools1. INTRODUCTIONWhile this paper is currently presented, researchers, in a global scale, have already come up with theirown conclusion about how effective social networking tool can be in a specific field, e.g. business,education, medical arts, engineering and architecture, etc.From the research of Facebook, in cooperation with two researches(Ugander et al, 2011, and Backstrom,2011)at the Universit degli Studi di Milano, the researchers examined all 721 million active Facebookusers (more than 10% of the global population), with 69 billion friendships among them. It is now thelargest social network studies ever released as compared to the 20th century experiments on the theory ofSix Degrees of Separation. According to them:a. After measuring how many friends that people have, it was found out that the distribution differs significantly from previous studies of large-scale social networks.b. That the degrees of separation between any two Facebook users is smaller than the commonly cited six degrees, and has been shrinking over the past three years as Facebook has grown.c. It was observed that while the entire world is only a few degrees away, a users friends are most likely to be of a similar age and come from the same country.In Figure 1, a cumulative degree distribution, in a semi-logarithmic scale, is best viewed as an importantbasic view of any social network. It shows the percentage of individuals who have less than a givennumber of friends. For example, only 10% of people have less than 10 friends, 20% have less than 25friends, while the median (50%) have over 100 friends. (Ugander et al, 2012)

2. Figure 1. Semi-Log Cumulative Distribution of Facebook in 2011 (Ugander, 2012)In the light of education, engineering education researchers from western countries found outsome interesting findings: (Pollara, P. & Zhu, J., 2011)Social networking is already one of the most common ways that communication occurs virtually.Participation of a mentor and mentee on the Facebook group page was seen to positively affecttheirrelationship both online and offline.It was found that when communication was initiated by the mentor, the mentees participationincreased.The roles of mentors and mentees on the Facebook page highly reflected the dynamic of thementor-mentee relationship.Participation on the Facebook site was lower than expected.A survey was conducted and it resulted to the following observations: Most students believed that they learned more because of using the group page and thought it was helpful in achieving their goals for their project and for the group. Most students would like to use social networking for educational purposes and were interested in using social networking in school. Students reported that they liked seeing how other students responded to their posts on the Facebook page. Students believed their relationship with their mentors and with other students were not positively impacted bythe use of the page. Students initially expressed difficulty in accessing the page, but believed the benefits of usingthe Facebook page were worth the extra time and effort.This paper aims to explore the use of internet tools in social networking, specifically, Facebook. Thiswould be validated by second hand data from a questionnaire survey adapted from a related study ofPollara and Zhu in 2011.2.0 The Anatomy of Social Networking Tools2.1 Anatomy of Facebook Group PageAlmost all the features of Facebook are said to be useful in the conduct of interactivity learning. It isdesigned to assist the user to maximize the interaction among the members of the Facebook community,especially the Group that one has created, where he/she is the default owner and administrator.Referring to Figure 2, the following components and features of one of the authors Facebook Group,CED135 of Iking, are discussed. 3. 1. Profile image: For a group page, like this one, you can use your logo. Make sure its an image that you want representing your group alongside every status update and post. This will literally be the face of your group! Maximum dimensions are 180(w)x 540(h) pixels.2. Other Photos: These photos get pulled from the photo album and wall posts on your page. Try and think of any imagery that you think best represents your brand and post them in an album so they appear along the top. You can hide or delete any images you dont want displayed later.3. Post: This is where you share interesting and relevant information with your students on Facebook. Anyone who likes your page will see your posts in their personal newsfeed.4. Wall/Feed/Seen: Your Wall is the primary place users can engage and conversate with your subject/course. Users can comment, like and share your messages, links and video. Below each of your posts you can view quick analysis of the posts popularity, including impressions and feedback rate.5. Tabs: Your students can navigate through interesting parts of your page, including your Photos / Photo Albums, Some information about your Group (some hyperlinks can be posted here), Announcement of Events (e.g. recitation days, exam days, submission of assignments, schedule of class reporting), Uploading of Files.6. Members/Add Members: If you have only few students added when the group was created, you may add here more. This is a hyperlink to the list of the existing members of the group.7. Admin Tools: To the right of your Wall, you have an easy access list of helpful administrative tools. Here you can view analytical data for your profile by clicking View Insights. Or, if you have given your personal account Administrative access to the fan page, you can sign in as yourself and toggle between using Facebook as yourself or as your company. This is a new feature, which essentially allows you to interact with other pages & people AS your page. More in depth administrative tools, such as editing and updating your profile pages content, can be found by clicking Edit Info at the top of the page.8. Newsfeed: This is the real time updates of the activities of your students in Facebook, plus that of your friends.9. Sidebar of Friends Online: This notifies you if your friends are online. It can be customized by clicking these icons: Options: You may opt to change your Chat Sounds, go to Advanced Settings, or just TurnOff Chat. Search: This is used to find a friend who is online; also, it is a means to check if afriend has either removed you in his/her friend list or worst, blocked you. Hide sidebar: If you not comfortable of seeing this sidebar of friends online, you may optto click this icon to hide.10. Groups: This is located at the lower, left side of the page. It lists your existing groups whicheither youve created, been administering, or joined.11. Favorites: This contains the Newsfeed, Messages, and Events hyperlinks. When you click oneof these, you are brought to the specific page.12. Search Engine: This feature assists you to look for specific person who can be your friend orrelated to you in some degree of separation.13. Profile/Home/Settings: The Profile button will bring you to your page that contains informationabout you and your wall where some of your friends can write on it (a feature that can becustomized).14. Classified Ads: Pseudo-random advertisement that Facebook wants to promote to users. Theresa possibility that in one occasion, the product/service that is flashed, could be useful to you.15. Seen: This is one of the favourites of the group owner; it shows who have seen the specific status.It reports who, when and what time that the group member viewed it. 4. 16. Video in Status: Other than mere texts, videos, webpages, or photos can be posted or embeddedin the status. The site where it originated from can be seen and can be explored just right at theexact site where it was first uploaded.Figure 2. The Anatomy of a Facebook Group Thru Administrators Account.2.2 Anatomy of a SkyDriveTM PageIn order to facilitate file management, the owner can use SkyDriveTM. Microsoft SkyDrive (previouslyWindows Live SkyDrive and Windows Live Folders) is a file hosting service that is needed in order toallow users to upload and synchronize files to a technology known as Cloud Storage. Then these files(mostly organized in folders, similar to PC file management) can be accessed correctly from selected webbrowsers. Microsoft Networks Windows Live has this as part of online services range that allows usersto retain files in private, shared exclusively with contacts, or publicly available (where files can be sharedwithout MS account).Because of its large storage capacity, 7 GB, new users would opt to migrate from its predecessor YahooGroup folders. One of the authors has the privilege to obtain his account in one of the institutions that heformerly taught (before April 22, 2012), thats why his storage capacity was upgraded