How Web2 Is Revolutionising Education

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Presentation for Teacher-Librarian forum (27/8/09) Title of presentation borrowed from Curt Bonk's new book.


<ul><li>1. HOW WEB TECHNOLOGY IS REVOLUTIONISING EDUCATION (Curtis Bonk)</li></ul> <p>2. The Sage is Still on the Stage! 3. Personal Learning Network (PLN) 4. 5. eLearning 2.0/Web 2.0 (Stephen Downes) </p> <ul><li>Elearning 1.0: </li></ul> <ul><li>static packaged content</li></ul> <ul><li>little true interactivity and learner input and</li></ul> <ul><li>very little contact with a teacher/facilitator </li></ul> <ul><li>represented by Learner Management Systems. (eg WebCT, Blackboard, etc)</li></ul> <ul><li>Elearning 2.0: </li></ul> <ul><li>more student-centred </li></ul> <ul><li>centred around a Personal Learning Environment using social software.</li></ul> <ul><li>students generate and share content. </li></ul> <ul><li>theyinteractnot only with teachers and their peers, butwith anyone in the world they can learn from . </li></ul> <p>(this description courtesy of Sean Fitzgerald) 6. The Read/Write Web (Tim Berners Lee) Original photo byHummanna . 7. PARTICIPATORY MEDIA/CULTURE SOCIAL MEDIASOCIAL NETWORKING SOCIAL SOFTWARE YouTube Flickr MySpace Facebook Ning, etc 8. WHAT HAS CHANGED? (thelocus of controlis shifting) </p> <ul><li>Decline of the Gatekeepers </li></ul> <ul><li>Publish then evaluate </li></ul> <ul><li>Content Creators; Content Rankers </li></ul> <ul><li>Everyone has access to everything </li></ul> <ul><li>The World is Flat(Thomas Friedman)</li></ul> <ul><li> People just dont subscribe to magazines anymore; they also subscribe to people. </li></ul> <p>9. Agency has shifted from teacher to learner; from teaching to learning 10. Networked Learning 11. 12. CONNECTIVISM:A Learning Theory for the Digital Age (George Siemens, University of Manitoba, Canada) </p> <ul><li>Principles of Connectivism: </li></ul> <ul><li>Nurturing and maintaining connections is needed to facilitatecontinual learning .</li></ul> <ul><li>Currency(accurate, up-to-date knowledge) is the intent of all connectivist learning activities.</li></ul> <ul><li>Choosing what to learn and the meaning of incoming information is seen through the lens of a shifting reality. While there is a right answer now, it may be wrong tomorrow due to alterations in the information climate affecting the decision.</li></ul> <p>13. A GLOBAL AUDIENCE 14. 15. </p> <ul><li>9000 hrs of extra content each day (approx 20 hrs/minute) </li></ul> <ul><li>In 6 months generates as much content as major broadcasters in US did in 60 years </li></ul> <ul><li>Superb video from Michael Wesch:An Anthropological Introduction to YouTube </li></ul> <ul><li> </li></ul> <p>16. Rewriting or Killing our Cultures? 17. THE CROWD: Collective wisdom? Stupidity of the masses? Is our culture being re-written? Is the Internet killing our Culture?(Andrew Keen: the cult of the amateur) 18. MySpace/Facebook </p> <ul><li>September 2 nd , 2008 </li></ul> <ul><li>POLICE are trawling social networking sites and tracking text messages to find the organisers of a wild party shut down by the riot squad in Sydney.</li></ul> <ul><li>About 1500 people crammed into a Camperdown warehouse in Sydney's inner west for the partywhich was publicised through Facebookand other online forums.</li></ul> <ul><li>(,25642,24273455-5014108,00.html ) </li></ul> <ul><li>September 2 nd , 2008 </li></ul> <ul><li>A wild teenage partypromoted on MySpacehas been condemned by Geelong police who were pelted with glass bottles when they tried to close it down. </li></ul> <ul><li>( police-with-bottles-20080902-47hg.html ) </li></ul> <p>fear 19. 20. Indian Initiative: NY Times, Oct 30 th, 2007 21. </p> <ul><li>Are we sociologically ready? </li></ul> <ul><li>What are ourethical responsibilities</li></ul> <ul><li>as adults/educators : </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>to our children/students? </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>to ourselves?(teacher sacked for</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>posting photo on MySpace) </li></ul> <p>22. Open Content 23. Creative Commons Licensing from Jeffrey Beall at 24. </p> <ul><li>TIME: end user innovation(,8599,1902604,00.html) </li></ul> <ul><li>'mid-career professionals are predominant users </li></ul> <ul><li>Exemplifies power of networks (PLNs) </li></ul> <ul><li>Is revolutionising the way we communicate </li></ul> <ul><li>Powerful real time search tool </li></ul> <p>25. GENERATIONS 26. GENERATIONS </p> <ul><li>Now possible to delineate characteristics of 4 different generations Veterans, Boomers, X, and Y </li></ul> <ul><li>Danger of stereotyping </li></ul> <p>27. Digital Natives (Marc Prensky) 28. Not all Digital Natives are Generation Y 29. Digital Natives are: </p> <ul><li>Communicating(Instant Messaging, SMS) </li></ul> <ul><li>Sharing and collaborating(blogs, wikis, MySpace, Facebook) </li></ul> <ul><li>Buying and selling(eBay) </li></ul> <ul><li>Exchanging(peer to peer technology; phone to phone file transfer) </li></ul> <ul><li>Meeting(3D worlds) </li></ul> <ul><li>Reporting and documenting(camera phones) </li></ul> <ul><li>Evaluating(comments on blogs, photo and video sites) </li></ul> <ul><li>Searching(Google) </li></ul> <ul><li>They areCONTENT PRODUCERSandCONTENT RANKERS </li></ul> <ul><li>Many have an online presence. Andthey dont use email!</li></ul> <p>30. Generation Y </p> <ul><li>Highly reliant on technology </li></ul> <ul><li>Have been doing almost all written work on keyboards since primary school </li></ul> <ul><li>Facebook is a must if you want to be in the social loop (and even if you dont have your own FB account parts of your life are documented by others) </li></ul> <ul><li>Most are unconcerned about issues of privacy and their digital footprint </li></ul> <ul><li>They dont use Twitter (seen as something only used by those who are too involved with the Internet), but do use FB status updates! </li></ul> <ul><li>Electronic/video/multi-user games </li></ul> <p>31. GenYaretech savvy but manyBoomersare much better at using the Net productively. 32. DIGITAL IMMIGRANTS ISSUE: are teaching DIGITALNATIVES BOOMERS are teaching GEN Y 33. Whither the Learning Management System (LMS)? </p> <ul><li>WebCT has gone; Bb decreasing market share </li></ul> <ul><li>Moodle is the rising star why? </li></ul> <ul><li>Open Source </li></ul> <p>34. Proprietary v Open Source </p> <ul><li>Proprietary </li></ul> <ul><li>Expensive </li></ul> <ul><li>Sophisticated appearance by default </li></ul> <ul><li>Locked in to fixed product for extended periods </li></ul> <ul><li>Open Source </li></ul> <ul><li>Free or very cheap </li></ul> <ul><li>Host can modify product as often as desired </li></ul> <ul><li>Philosophy of collaboration and sharing </li></ul> <ul><li>May not look as sophisticated but level of functionality matches proprietary products </li></ul> <p>35. </p> <ul><li>Microsoft working on integration with Moodle(that's all you need to know!) </li></ul> <ul><li>New version 2 will allow embedded media in discussion forums(cf Google Wave) </li></ul> <ul><li>Should be available mid 2010 </li></ul> <p>36. ePortfolios </p> <ul><li>Personal Learning Plan</li></ul> <ul><li>(schools) </li></ul> <ul><li>Integration of Moodle and Mahara (OS) </li></ul> <ul><li>Mahara (or other eportfolio tool) should be optional </li></ul> <ul><li>Too much time and effort spent on interoperability and standards </li></ul> <p>37. 38. 39. 40. Time-to-Adoption Horizon: One Year or Less </p> <ul><li><ul><li>Virtual Worlds/Immersive Environments</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Cloud-Based Applications</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Time-to-Adoption Horizon: Two to Three Years </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Geolocation</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Alternative Input Devices</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Time-to-Adoption Horizon: Four to Five Years </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Deep Tagging</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Next-Generation Mobile </li></ul></li></ul> <p>41. Time-to-Adoption Horizon: One Year or Less </p> <ul><li><ul><li>Virtual Worlds/ ImmersiveEnvironments</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Cloud-Based Applications </li></ul></li></ul> <p>42. Second Life SeeSecondLife inEducation 43. Google Docs Google Apps Zoho Office Flickr YouTube Blogger etc Microsoft Live (Skydrive) 44. Time-to-Adoption Horizon: Two to Three Years </p> <ul><li><ul><li>Geolocation</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Alternative Input Devices</li></ul></li></ul> <p>45. GEOTAGGING 46. Time-to-Adoption Horizon: Four to Five Years </p> <ul><li><ul><li>Deep Tagging</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Next-Generation Mobile </li></ul></li></ul> <p>47. IMPACT FOR EDUCATORS? Image courtesy of law_keven 48. Learning in the 21 stCentury </p> <ul><li>I have seen predictions that a student doing a 3 year course by 2012 will experience the situation where most of the knowledge they have gained in year one will be completely out of date by the time they finish year 3. </li></ul> <ul><li> the only sustainable approachwill be to find the learning and teaching strategies which will ensure that people embrace attitudes and behaviours anchored in lifelong learning. </li></ul> <ul><li> It is becoming an imperative for industry to have staff who are lifelong learners and highly ICT literate. </li></ul> <ul><li>Greg Black, CEO, (Campus Review 16/10/07) </li></ul> <p>49. TENSION </p> <ul><li>SOCIAL </li></ul> <ul><li>SOFTWARE/PLN </li></ul> <ul><li>ORGANISATIONAL DEMANDS (AQTF, AUDITING, ASSESSMENT, DUTY OF CARE, COPYRIGHT, etc) </li></ul> <p>V 50. ORGANISATIONAL LEARNINGV NETWORKED LEARNING </p> <ul><li>Teacher centred </li></ul> <ul><li>Control </li></ul> <ul><li>Top down </li></ul> <ul><li>Hierarchical </li></ul> <ul><li>External imposed authority </li></ul> <ul><li>Right answers pre-determined </li></ul> <ul><li>Only one end point </li></ul> <ul><li>? </li></ul> <ul><li>Student centred </li></ul> <ul><li>Student choice </li></ul> <ul><li>Bottom up </li></ul> <ul><li>Distributive (flat) </li></ul> <ul><li>Knowledge sharing among peers </li></ul> <ul><li>Decisions made collectively </li></ul> <ul><li>Multiple destinations </li></ul> <ul><li>Engaging! </li></ul> <p>mutually exclusive? 51. The whole world hasbecome curricularised. (Pachler) Image courtesy of Nancy White 52. Courtesy of Greg Whitby 53. Extent of Change? </p> <ul><li>It is not all or nothing; it is gradual and context dependent </li></ul> <ul><li>Not all activity will be on the right hand side </li></ul> <ul><li>Personal values may dictate the rate at which you adopt changed approaches(if at all!) </li></ul> <p>54. Awareness or a Set of Skills? </p> <ul><li>New Practices predicated upon an awareness that things have changed </li></ul> <p>55. Employability Skills </p> <ul><li>Communication</li></ul> <ul><li>Teamwork</li></ul> <ul><li>Problem Solving</li></ul> <ul><li>Initiative and Enterprise</li></ul> <ul><li>Planning and Organising</li></ul> <ul><li>Self-management</li></ul> <ul><li>Learning</li></ul> <ul><li>Technology </li></ul> <p>56. Where to Begin? (You) </p> <ul><li>Join an online community or email list </li></ul> <ul><li>Ask questions and initiate discussions about your interests and needs </li></ul> <ul><li>Start publishing or tracking blogs, podcasts </li></ul> <ul><li>Create a Twitter account(or Yammer for a walled garden equivalent) </li></ul> <ul><li>Do anonline course in multiliteracy;23 things </li></ul> <ul><li>Create social bookmarking and photosharing accounts </li></ul> <ul><li>Create media start simple:</li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Upload photos to Flickr; comment on others photos </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>create Digital Stories (Photostory, Moviemaker) and upload to YouTube </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Search YouTube and other video repositories for educational content </li></ul> <ul><li>Create a Ning or Facebook account for friends or family </li></ul> <ul><li>Use a wiki or Google Docs to collaborate on a small project</li></ul> <ul><li>Place yourself in the newhabitus of learning you need to do it to understand and internalise the power of networks; reading and observing will not achieve this philosophical seachange</li></ul> <p>57. Education by and large has not changed. Syllabus/curriculum is still rooted in a past paradigm of fixed knowledge. The world beyond classrooms has changed a great deal, and will continue to do so at an ever-increasing rate Photo courtesy of Sawrah, 58. Libraries v Classrooms?</p> <ul><li>Check the 5 minute video at </li></ul> <p>59. Michael Coghlan [email_address] THANK YOU FOR LISTENING! This presentation on the web at XXXXXXXX </p>


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