How to Develop Thinking skills

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    13-Feb-2017

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<ul><li><p>*</p></li><li><p>*</p></li><li><p>" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan*</p><p>" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan</p></li><li><p>" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan*</p><p>" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan</p></li><li><p>*</p><p>I would like to share -I think22 Types of thinking skill Brief definitionBeauty of thinking How to draw best withinLife skills How to develop thinking skillThinking process- relevant wordsAcquiring life skills Think-what?Thinking- no thinking Think-Thinking-ThoughtLearning environment Language and thought</p></li><li><p>*</p></li><li><p>*</p></li><li><p>*</p><p>Thinking process is on its way to reach an unidentifiable destination. Let first check our destination, plan to reach the destination and organize our thought to make it concrete and within our reach so that we should work properly. </p></li><li><p>*</p></li><li><p>*</p></li><li><p>*</p></li><li><p>*</p></li><li><p>*</p></li><li><p>*</p><p> Academia can be the key factors. Education brings a massive change and shapes an individual to become a fine human being. It opens the wings to be an independent individual. Education helps individual to reach a new height to see the worlds real life experiences. Individual weaves a new sphere to become more practical, more skilled professional, more compassionate and integrated personality. (Note- a number of intellectuals never attended academic institution but they gave a new direction to society).</p></li><li><p>*</p></li><li><p>*</p></li><li><p>*</p><p>Thinking /k/Skill /skl/</p><p>Noun1.the process of considering or reasoning about something."the selectors have some thinking to do before the match"Nounthe ability to do something well; expertise."difficult work, taking great skill"expertise,skilfulness,expertness,adeptness,adroitness,deftness,dexterity,ability,prowess,mastery,competence,competency,capability,efficiency,aptitude,artistry,art,finesse,flair,virtuosity,experience,professionalism,talent,cleverness,smartness,ingenuity,versatility,knack,readiness,handiness;informalknow-how"once again, he demonstrated his skill as a politician"</p></li><li><p>*</p><p>Thinking /k/Skill /skl/</p><p>Synonymsintelligent,sensible,reasonable,rational,reasoning;logical,analytical;thoughtful,reflective,meditative,contemplative,pensive,philosophical;rareratiocinative"he seemed a thinking man"</p><p>https://www.google.co.in/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&amp;ion=1&amp;espv=2&amp;ie=UTF-8#q=skillVerbtrain (a worker) to do a particular task."there is a lack of basic skilling"</p><p>https://www.google.co.in/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&amp;ion=1&amp;espv=2&amp;ie=UTF-8#q=skill</p></li><li><p>*</p><p>What is the thinking skills?Thinking skillsare the mental processes that we apply when we seek to make sense of experience.Thinking skillsenable us to integrate each new experience into the schema that we are constructing of "how things are".</p><p>www.brainboxx.co.uk/a3_aspects/pages/ThinkingSkills.htm</p></li><li><p>" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan*</p><p>What is thinking ability?</p><p> Abilitytothinkclearly and rationally about what to do or what to believe. Abilityto engage in reflective and independentthinking. Ability to understand the logical connections between ideas.</p><p>philosophy.hku.hk/think/critical/ct.php</p><p>" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan</p></li><li><p>What are lower order thinking skills?Lower order thinking is the foundation of skills required to move into higher order thinking. These are skills that aretaught very well in school systems and includes activities likereading and writing. In lower order thinking information does not need to be applied to any real life examples, it only needs to be recalled and slightly understood. If a person only obtains lower order thinking skills they will not beprepared for real life situations such as the labour market. https://sites.google.com/site/bloomstaxonomy1/lower-order-thinking" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan*</p><p>" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan</p></li><li><p>" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan*</p><p>" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan</p></li><li><p>To understand, infer, connect, categorize, synthesize, evaluate, and apply the information they know to find solutions to new and existing problems.Equipping students to be able to reason, reflect, and make sound decisions.Wisdom and judgment are crucial aspectsMeaningful learning :-Analyze, Evaluate, and CreateIndividual ability be able analytical, creative and practical in his approach.Equipping students to be able to identify and solve problems in their academic work and in lifeBeing able to think means students can solve problems and work creatively</p><p>http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/109111/chapters/Introduction.aspxhttp://www.readwritethink.org/parent-afterschool-resources/tips-howtos/encourage-higher-order-thinking-30624.html" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan*</p><p>" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan</p></li><li><p>Thoughtrefers toideasor arrangements of ideas that are the result of the process of thinking. The word "thought" may mean:-a single product of thinking or a single idea ("My first thought was no.")the product of mental activity ("Mathematics is a large body of thought.")the act or process of thinking ("I was frazzled from too much thought.")the capacity to think, reason, imagine, etcetera ("All her thought was applied to her work.")the consideration of or reflection on an idea ("The thought of death terrifies me.")recollection or contemplation ("I thought about my childhood.")half-formed or imperfect intention ("I had some thought of going.")</p><p>Webster's II New College Dictionary, Webster Staff, Webster, Houghton Mifflin Company, Edition: 2, illustrated, revised Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1999,ISBN 978-0-395-96214-5, page 1147" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan*</p><p>" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan</p></li><li><p>Thoughtrefers toideasor arrangements of ideas that are the result of the process of thinking. The word "thought" may mean:-anticipation or expectation ("She had no thought of seeing him again.")consideration, attention, care, or regard ("He took no thought of his appearance" and "I did it without thinking.")judgment, opinion, or belief ("According to his thought, honesty is the best policy.")the ideas characteristic of a particular place, class, or time ("Greek thought")the state of being conscious of something ("It made me think of my grandmother.")tending to believe in something, especially with less than full confidence ("I think that it will rain, but I am not sure.")</p><p>Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Second Edition, 2001, Published by Random House, Inc.,ISBN 978-0375425998, page 1975" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan*</p><p>" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan</p></li><li><p>" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan*</p><p>" Teaching is an art". Rajeev Ranjan</p></li><li><p>*</p></li><li><p>*</p></li><li><p>* </p><p>Effect of Learning Environment</p><p>So learning environment should be able to satisfy the brains enormous curiosity and hunger for novelty, discovery and challenge because thirst for search of meaning of a human being can not be stopped, only channelled and focused.</p></li><li><p>*</p></li><li><p>*</p><p>Language is essential to express our thoughts. </p><p>Thinking is lifeless without language. Language is means to express in forms of Verbal &amp; Written. We organize our thought in a language form. The more we rich in language, the more we able to express, explore and analyze our thoughts in a well formed and in a systematic way. </p></li><li><p>*</p><p>Critical thinkingBarahal (2008), who definescritical thinkingas "artful thinking.CT is skillful, responsible thinking that facilitates good judgment because it 1) relies upon criteria, 2) is self-correcting, and 3) is sensitive to context (Lipman, 1988, p. 39); CT is purposeful, self-regulatory judgment which results in interpretation, analysis, evaluation, and inference, as well as explanation of the evidential, conceptual, methodological, criteriological, or conceptual considerations upon which that judgment is based (Facione, 1990, p. 3); Critical Thinking is a process when we scrutinize the situation, identify the thing and situation and then react to the situation towards reaching a goal. It helps us to deepen our observation to the micro level where we weigh the situation to atom level. Credit goes to the Neo-Marxist Frankfurt School, which originated around 1930 and proposed a new learning approach Critical Theory. It is basically a sociological and philosophical approach of thinking. </p></li><li><p>*</p><p>Critical thinkingCritical thinking is at the core of most intellectual activity that involves students learning to recognise or develop an argument, use evidence in support of that argument, draw reasoned conclusions, and use information to solve problems. Examples of critical thinking skills are interpreting, analysing, evaluating, explaining, sequencing, reasoning, comparing, questioning, inferring, hypothesising, appraising, testing and generalising.</p><p>http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/generalcapabilities/critical-and-creative-thinking</p></li><li><p>*</p><p>Creative thinkingA way of looking at problems or situations from a fresh perspective that suggests unorthodox solutions (which may look unsettling at first). Creative thinking can be stimulated both by an unstructured process such as brainstorming, and by a structured process such as lateral thinking.Creative thinking involves students learning to generate and apply new ideas in specific contexts, seeing existing situations in a new way, identifying alternative explanations, and seeing or making new links that generate a positive outcome. Ex.- Thinking up ways to increase the number of blood donors, http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/creative-thinking.htmlhttp://www.brainstorming.co.uk/tutorials/creativethinking.html</p><p>Creative thinking is the process which we use when we come up with a new idea.This creative thinking process can beaccidentalordeliberate.http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/generalcapabilities/critical-and-creative-thinking</p></li><li><p>*</p><p>Creative thinkingCreative Thinking is a novel way of seeing or doing things that is characteristic of four components-fluency (generating new ideas), flexibility (shifting perspective easily), originality (conceiving of something new), and elaboration (building on others' ideas). (NCERT, Life Skills VII, P23)</p><p>Creative thinking is a kind of thinking that focuses on exploring ideas, generating possibilities, looking for many right answers rather than just one. The creative person knows that there is always room for improvement. (Robert Harris)</p></li><li><p>*</p><p>Lateral thinking:- The term was coined by the Maltese-born UK psychologist Dr. Edward de Bono in his 1970 book 'Lateral Thinking. Noun-the solving of problems by an indirect and creative approach, typically through viewing the problem in a new and unusual lightAn effective way to learn how to think in order to systematically generate new ideas.Lateral thinking is solving problems through an indirect and creative approach, using reasoning that is not immediately obvious and involving ideas that may not be obtainable by using only traditional step-by-step logic.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lateral_thinking</p></li><li><p>*</p><p>Convergent thinking:-the ability to use logical andevaluative thinkingDivergent thinking:- ability to elaborate, other options , alternateObjective:-Well thought and well formed decisions Convergent thinkingis a term coined by Joy Paul Guilford as the opposite of divergentthinking. It generally means the ability to give the "correct" answer to standard questions that do not require significant creativity, for instance in most tasks in school and on standardized multiple-choice tests for intelligence.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convergent_thinkingProblem solving technique in which ideas from different fields or participants are brought together (synthesized) to find a single optimum solution to a clearly defined problem. http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/convergent-thinking.htmlQs- Should we try this? Objective:- Possibilities, Generate new and different ideas, correlate The psychologist J.P. Guilford first coined the terms convergent thinking and divergent thinking in 1956.Divergent thinkingis a thought process or method used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions. ... By contrast,divergent thinkingtypically occurs in a spontaneous, free-flowing, 'non-linear' manner, such that many ideas are generated in an emergent cognitive fashion.</p></li><li><p>*</p><p>Conceptual thinkingImplementation thinkingConceptual thinkingconsists of the ability to find connections or patterns between abstract ideas and then piece them together to form a complete picture.Conceptual thinkingis the ability to understand a situation or problem by identifying patterns or connections, and addressing key underlying issues. Conceptual thinkingincludes the integration of issues and factors into an conceptualframework.psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Conceptual_thinkingImplementation thinkingis the ability to organize ideas and plans in a way that they will be effectively carried out.Conceptual thinking is the ability to identify patterns or connections between seemingly unrelated objects.For some, conceptual thinking is a natural process but not everyone can think in this way.https://www.reference.com/world-view/thinking</p></li><li><p>*</p><p>Holistic thinkingDualistic thinkingThe term "holistic thinking" refers to a big picture mentality in which a person recognizes the interconnectedness of various elements that form larger systems, patterns and objects.Thinking holistically is the opposite of analyzing something, which involves breaking down a larger system into its details. https://www.reference.com/world-viewIn this way, we focus on what benefits our project most at any given moment rather than on categorically ruling out options.Instead of asking, Should I write fiction or non-fiction? Maisel suggests you might ask, What shall I write today? Instead of, Should I do research or should I write today? you might ask, What does the book need today? http://reptitude.com/Dualistic thinking, according to William Perry's model of intellectual development, is the intellectual ability to understand good and evil but not the nuances in between.He believed it was the base level of intellectual development that most college freshmen possessed.https://www.reference.com/world-view/thinkingDualistic Thinking is an Excuse Dualistic thinking arbitrarily imposes limits on what we will consider doing, or not doing. We rule out options based on this kind of stark, exclusionary, yes-no thinking.Oh, I cant do that, its too ! Oh, I dont work like that, its too !http://reptitude.com/creativity/dualistic-and-holistic-thinking/</p></li><li><p>*</p><p>Systems thinkingRelativistic ThinkingSystemic Thinking (known, in non-academic circles, as Pattern Thinking) is a simple technique for making sense of challenging situations and developing simple interventions for transforming them. Systems thinkingis the cognitive ability to study and understandsystemsof many kinds, integrating information from different sources and different types.Systemic Thinking enables people to deliberately and systematically gain significantly deeper insights into challenging situationsSystems thinking has been defined as an approach toproblem solving.http://systemicthinking.com/No absolutetruthorvalidityAll points of view are equally valid, and that all truth is relative to the individual. Relativismis the belief that there's no absolute truth, only...</p></li></ul>

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