How to develop critical thinking mark kaprielian b

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    25-Jun-2015

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A short presentaion on how to develop Critical Thinking.

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  • 1. Critical thinking involves effective communication andproblem-solving.It requires constant analyzing, reasoning and evaluating.This type of thinking is said to be the best way to get tothe truth.Developing critical thinking skills takes time and effort.However, we can train ourselves to think critically bylearning and practicing daily, the habits andprocesses of critical thinkers.

2. Ask QuestionsWhen you are presented with a new situation it isimportant that you know how to form questions that willguide your understanding of the situation.Good questions come from good observationskills, taking in all of the information which thesituation presents by using all of your senses.Develop affective strategies. Affective strategiesinclude thinking independently, developingconfidence in reasoning, exercising fair-mindednessand developing intellectual courage. 3. Examine the EvidenceExamining evidence involves observation skills.Critical thinking demands that a thinker examinethe credibility of sources of information and doesnot accept everything at face value.A critical thinker will avoid coming to false conclusionsby gathering information first and analyzing theinformation at hand. Detectives have to gather evidencefirst before they can solve crimes. 4. Blooms Taxonomy for Thinking 5. Define the ProblemObservation, Investigation, Question.Strengthen cognitive abilities.This includes being able to evaluate thecredibility of information sources, assesssolutions, note interdisciplinary connections anddevelop a perspective. Try analyzing informationand connecting it with material you havepreviously read. 6. Analyze Assumptions and BiasDont assume that you know the answer to a problem.Avoid Bias when you are investigating a problem.Critical thinking is about being both willing and able toevaluate ones thinking. Its focus is in learning anddeveloping the habitual intention to be truth-seeking, open-minded, systematic, analytical, inquisitive, confident inreasoning, and prudent in making judgments. 7. Analyze Assumptions and BiasThose who are ambivalent on one or more of these aspects ofthe disposition toward critical thinking or who have anopposite disposition (intellectuallyarrogant, biased, intolerant, emotional, disorganized, lazy, heedless of consequences, indifferent toward newinformation, mistrustful of reasoning, or imprudent) are morelikely to encounter problems in using their critical-thinking 8. Analyze Assumptions and BiasCritical thinking is about being both willing and able toevaluate ones thinking, which might be criticized becauseone does not have all the relevant information, and onemakes unjustified inferences, uses inappropriate concepts, orfails to notice important implications. Ones thinking maybeunclear, inaccurate, imprecise, irrelevant, narrow, shallow, illogical, or trivial, due to ignorance or misapplication of theappropriate learned skills of thinking.Failure to recognize the importance of correct dispositions canlead to various forms of self-deception and closed-mindedness, both individually and collectively. 9. In ConclusionTo become a successful Critical Thinker You mustkeep your feelings at bay and stay away fromletting your feelings cloud your actions.Consider all of the facts carefully and dont cometo hasty conclusions.Avoid being narrow minded and consider looking at aproblem from many different angles.Understand that things will not always become crystalclear. 10. The EndThank you for watching this presentation.

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