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Symphony No 40 - Mozart KEY FEATURES This is quite a long work for you to learn. The analysis in the text book is very good. Here, you will find information in smaller chunks!

GCSE Music Edexcel - Mozart 40

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Text of GCSE Music Edexcel - Mozart 40

  • 1. Symphony No 40 - MozartKEY FEATURESThis is quite a long work for you to learn. Theanalysis in the text book is very good.Here, you will find information in smaller chunks!

2. InstrumentationFirst Remember the Classical Orchestra from General Features?This piece is a little different! Clarinets.Originally notin the piece, butMozart addedthem later.They were anew inventionand he lovedthe new soundso much herewrote somepieces toincludethemincluding Messiah byHandel! 3. SeeGENERALFEATURES Structure Mozart uses SONATA FORM to build the structure of this movement. This is a common way of doing things in the CLASSICAL PERIODWhat happens in each section will be covered in other slides Section BarsKeys used First Subject 1-20G Minor Bridge Passage20-44 Modulates to Bb Major (relative Short major)endingsectionSecond Subject44-72 Bb Major Codetta 73-100Bb ends in G minorExplained in HARMONY/ Development 101-164 Gmin/E Min/ATONALITY min/Dmin/Gmin /C/F/Bb Recapitulation164-260 Gminor Coda260-299 G minor 4. Harmony/TonalitySonata Form is all about the relationship between keys.Most common is the relationship between the TONIC (chord I)and the Dominant (chord V) but in a minor key it often therelationship between tonic and its RELATIVE MAJOR keyG minorBbMajorWhich bits are in G Minor? 1st Subject Which bits are in BbStart of Development Major?Recapitulation 2nd SubjectCoda Codetta (but finishesin G min) 5. What happens in the development? The DEVELOPMENT is where a composer can experiment. Mozart goes through 7 keys in this sections. Lets see how they are related (read clockwise from the top)he reaches Bb major Gm Relative minor of the tonic the relative major of major (G Major)G minor and links Bbmaj TonicEmthis to the start of theRECAPITULATION ,in the TONIC of G Minor Fmaj AmMozartthen useskeys thatare 4 notesCmajDmapart Gm until..Called a cycle of 4ths 6. Melody There are 2 melodies used in this piece. They are known as SUBJECTS in Sonata Form1st SubjectDescending SequenceRepeats the first phrase, one note lower Look out for the repeated F# in this sequence Played by violins in Octaves, accompanied by quaver chords in violas 7. 2nd Subject In Bb Major relative major!Woodwind link passage woodwind link and take over the tuneNotice the CHROMATIC Shared between strings and woodwind, this ismovement in the melody the first example played by the strings.The use of semitones in the melodycreates a PATHETIQUE mood. 8. Try and learn the notes to these melodies, because.The skill being tested is your ability to HEAR the missing notes and correctly identifythem. But.a few minutes work could mean that you remember them. 9. Texture Is mostly Melody dominated Hompohony (Homophonic) Look at the example from the first subjectmelody Violas and Cello/Bass play G minor chords. Giving the HOMPOHONIC texture 10. Other Textures include IMITATION and CANONSee example from bars 81-84However, it never reaches the same complexity as the polyphony in Baroque music 11. More Examples of Homphonic TextureBars 34-43 (including a strong DOMINANT PEDAL)Bars 88-100