Gardening sheets butterfly container

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  • *Desert marigold Baileya multiradiata (BAY-lee-uh mul-ty-ray-dee-AH-tuh)

    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family) Native to: Deserts of Southwestern U.S. from TX, CA, UT & NV to northern Mexico. In CA, in the Mojave Desert; stony slopes, mesas, roadsides and sandy plains to about 6000 ft. elevation, in Creosote Bush Scrub, Joshua Tree Woodland. Growth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 1-2 ft. mature width: 1-2 ft. Mounded, short-lived perennial or annual that dies back with fall drought. Leaves gray-green, lacy and very hairy. The foliage is mostly in a neat basal rosette. Looks like a garden perennial. Blooms/fruits: Blooms off and on from spring through fall (Mar-Nov), depending on soil moisture. Flower heads are a brilliant golden-yellow, 1-2 inches in diameter; held on leafless stalks above the foliage. Long-lived flowers are truly spectacular; they also attract a wide range of insects. Uses in the garden: Most any sunny place that needs a spot of low color. Nice at fronts of dry beds, along walkways. Excellent for accent pots, rock gardens and desert-themed gardens. Super choice for habitat garden. Foliage makes it appropriate for white/moon garden. Nice cut flower. Sensible substitute for: Non-native marigolds, low sunflowers. Attracts: Excellent bird habitat: provides cover and seeds for food. Attracts native bees, butterflies, moths and other pollinators. Excellent all-round habitat plant. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun to part-shade; can take heat, reflected heat. Soil Must be well-drained (use cactus mix in containers); Water Occasional summer water (Water Zone 1-2 to 2) for long bloom season. Fertilizer None in ground; dose once a year in pots. Other Inorganic or no mulch. Management: Plants are short-lived, but will reseed nicely on bare ground. Dont over-water. Propagation: from seed: fresh seed; plant with winter rains or let naturalize in garden. Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 38, 47, 66 6/30/16 * California native, but not native to Western Los Angeles County Project SOUND

  • Hairy Gumplant Grindelia hirsutula (grin-DEL-ee-uh her-SUIT-yoo-luh)

    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family) Native to: West coast of N. America from S. CA to British Columbia; coastal plains and foothills, usually on slopes or sea bluffs, in sandy or gravelly soils. Growth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 1-3 ft. mature width: 2-3 ft. Herbaceous perennial with numerous stems from a single, slightly woody root. Leaves are lance-shaped, red-green to gray green depending on variety and conditions. Foliage may be hairy, aromatic. More delicate & garden-like than other Grindelias. Dies back in fall. Blooms/fruits: Profuse blooms in late spring/summer. Flowers are golden-yellow, typical sunflower-type heads. Very showy in bloom bright yellow color spot. Uses in the garden: Excellent choice for cottage garden or any other garden featuring flowers. Good staple at back of flowering beds, combined with other summer-blooming native perennials, grasses. Good for xeriscaping very tough plant. Yellow/green natural dye from flowers. Native Californians used leaves/teas to treat skin sores, itching, bronchitis. Sensible substitute for: Non-native summer-flowering perennials like gazanias, daisies. Attracts: Excellent habitat plant. Nectar attracts many insects; birds eat the seeds. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun best Soil Sandy soils best; ok with other well-drained soils; any local pH Water Quite drought resistant. Looks better with a little summer water (Zone 2).

    Decrease water in late summer/fall. Fertilizer None needed. Other Management: Deadhead flowers if desired to improve appearance. Cut back dead stems in fall. Easy. Will re-seed, but easy to remove unwanted seedlings. Propagation: from seed: easy with fresh seed in fall/winter by cuttings: ?? Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 2, 10, 13 7/3/13

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  • California Goldenrod Solidago velutina ssp. californica (sol-i-DAY-go vey-loo-TEEN-uh ka-li-FOR-ni-ka)

    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family) Native to: Much of west coast of N. America, including CA (mostly W. of Sierras); dry or moist areas, either in the open or in shaded woods, from coastal sage scrub to yellow pine forest. Also cleared or disturbed places. Growth characteristics: creeping perennial mature height: 1-3 ft. mature width: 1-3 ft. Robust herbaceous perennial that spreads by rhizomes. Dies back to ground in winter (or cut back). Stems and leaves are dark green to gray-green colored and densely fuzzy. Quick growing. Forms large colonies in moist environments less so in summer dry conditions. Blooms/fruits: Blooms summer/fall, usually July-Oct. along coast. Showy clusters of small, yellow flowers on wand-like flowering stalks. Glorious golden yellow attract pollinators. Uses in the garden: Truly a striking accent plant in the wild or in garden. Provides welcome fall color. Does well in pots and planters, where it can be contained. Great for slopes, meadows. Sensible substitute for: Non-native perennial yellow asters, chrysanthemums. Attracts: Excellent habitat plant for many species. Butterflies, bees and other insects collect nectar from the flowers. Seed-eating birds and insects eat seeds. Plants also provide cover. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun to light shade Soil Any, including poorly-draining clays Water Tolerates winter flooding. Very drought tolerant, but blooms better with occasional

    summer water. Regular summer water encourages rapid growth. Fertilizer None needed Other Management: Easy to grow. Spreads via rhizomes; easily controlled by removing unwanted stems during winter dormant period or planting in contained environment. Seeds wind-spread. Propagation: from seed: challenging; use fresh seed; slow germination by divisions: easy Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1, 2, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 20, 24, 25, 32, 46 8/24/14

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  • * Pacific Aster Symphyotrichum chilense var. chilense (sim-fee-oh-TREE-cum chee-LENS)

    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family) Native to: Coastal N. America from Santa Barbara Co. to British Columbia; Grasslands, salt marshes, coastal dunes/bluffs, coastal grasslands/scrub, open disturbed habitats in evergreen and Pacific coast coniferous forest. Growth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 1-2 ft. mature width: spreading Herbaceous perennial with thin, delicate-looking (almost insignificant) foliage. Cultivars are more robust (see below). Drought deciduous dies back completely in dry summer months. Spreads vigorously via rhizomes. Blooms/fruits: Blooms in summer (may be as long as July-Sept. with summer water). Flowers are very attractive small daisy-type heads. Ray flowers most often light purple, but may range from white to pink, deeper purple; disk flowers are yellow. Very showy plant in bloom. Uses in the garden: Usually used in mixed beds with other native grasses, shrubs and wildflowers. Excellent choice for slopes, Cottage Garden or native prairie/grassland. A must for habitat gardens; would do well in large pots/planters. Several excellent cultivars available: 'Point St. George' low-growing with more robust foliage; Purple Haze darker purple flowers & more robust foliage. Sensible substitute for: Non-native Asters. Attracts: Excellent all-round habitat plant. Native bees, butterflies and other insects love the nectar. Seed-eating birds like towhees & sparrows eat the seeds. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun to moderate shade. Soil Just about any texture sand to clay; any local pH. Water Very adaptable. Can take regular water (Zone 3) but will spread aggressively. Best

    in Zone 2-3 or 2 (occasional water); withhold water in late summer/fall. Fertilizer None. Other Management: Plant where it can be contained will spread. Cut back late fall if it doesnt die back. Propagation: from seed: fresh seed in summer/fall by cuttings/divisions: easy Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1- 3, 6, 8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 24 2/13/11 * CA native plant but not native to Western L.A. county Project SOUND

  • Saltmarsh Fleabane Pluchea odorata ssp. odorata (PLOO-shuh oh-dor-AY-tuh)

    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family) Native to: Much of southern U.S. to S. America, Caribbeans. In CA, mostly w. of Sierras, but also in s. desert areas; common in moist soil including saline valley bottoms, coastal salt marshes, freshwater marshes, washes & riparian areas. Growth characteristics: clumping sub-shrub mature height: 2-4 ft. mature width: 2-3 ft. Semi-woody sub-shrub with faint camphor-like fragrance. Leaves rounded to lance-shaped, gland-dotted, clustered towards the branch tips. Stress-deciduous (looses leaves in drought; cold); may be an annual in colder climates. Plants have many, upright stalks. Spreads via rhizomes. Blooms/fruits: Blooms in late summer through fall (July-Aug through Oct.). Flowers typical of Sunflower family. Fragrant, pink/lavender flower heads are numerous in dense, flat-topped clusters at ends of branches quite showy and unique, especially in Fall. Seeds have fluffy bristles. Uses in the garden: Excellent choice for moister areas of garden (rain gardens; swales; under birdbath; etc). Fine along streams, near ponds. Does well in large containers, but will be smaller than in the ground. Great fall habitat plant! Used medicinally in Caribbean countries. Crushed leaves serve as an insect repellant. Sensible substitute for: Non-native fall-blooming plants like chrysanthemums. Attracts: Excellent bird & pollinator habitat. Provides cover and seeds for bird food. Native pollinators love the nectar. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Quite adaptable; full sun to fairly shady Soil Just about any except very coarse/rocky; alkaline and salty soils are fine Water Prefers regular water but ok (will go dormant) with less summer water; Zone 2 to 3 Fertilizer Not needed, but not a problem; fertilize lightly if grown in container Other Management: Prune back in winter if leggy. Will spread via rhizomes, so may want to contain. Propagation: from seed: direct seed in fall; may benefit from pre-chill by cuttings: probably Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 2, 6, 10, 16, 20, 21 1/12/15

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  • *Showy Milkweed Asclepias speciosa (ass-KLE-pee-us spee-see-OH-suh)

    Family: Asclepidaceae (Milkweed family) Native to: Much of western N. America & throughout CA; open areas on banks and flood plains of lakes, ponds, or waterways or moist areas in prairies on sandy, loamy, or rocky soils. Growth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 2-5 ft. mature width: 1-2 ft. Pretty herbaceous perennial that dies back to the ground in fall/winter. Leaves large, blue green with velvety silver hairs. Spreads via rhizomes. Note: foliage of all Milkweeds is toxic. This species is less toxic than others, and native peoples even ate young boiled seedpods in moderation. Blooms/fruits: Blooms in summer (May-July or Aug.). As name suggests, flowers are very showy looks more like a garden plant than a wildflower. Large (4-5 in.) dense heads of small pink/white flowers with characteristic Milkweed shape. Very fragrant nice addition to a scented garden! Uses in the garden: Pretty enough for any mixed flower bed; hardy enough for natural areas once established. Excellent choice for areas that get a little extra winter water like rain gardens, bio-swales, etc. A must for butterfly gardens. Can make paper, fiber from dried stems. Sensible substitute for: Non-native Milkweeds. Attracts: Excellent habitat for Monarch Butterfly larva and other insects. Birds use fibers for nests. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun (best) to part-shade. Soil Any local soil very adaptable to all but the heaviest clays. Water Water well first summer; after that zone 1-2 to 2-3 (very occasional to occasional)

    water. Good for planting next to Zone 3 (regular water). Fertilizer None needed; light fertilizer wont kill it. Other Management: Quite hardy and easy once established. Plant seedlings/plants when small and dont move established plants (they have a deep taproot). Will spread via rhizomes & seeds. Propagation: from seed: easy; no treatment by divisions: carefully, when dormant Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 2, 8, 11, 19, 24 1/25/11

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  • * Mountain Monardella Monardella odoratissima (mon-ar-DELL-uh oh-dor-uh-TISS-ee-muh)

    Family: Lamiaceae (Mint Family) Native to: Mountains of central & N. CA including the Western Sierras & locally in the San Gabriels; Sin wet or dry, rocky openings in Sagebrush scrub, montane forest from 2000-11,000' elevation. Growth characteristics: perennial/sub-shrub mature height: 1-3 ft. mature width: 2-3 ft. A variable species with many subspecies across its range. Gray-green to medium green mounded perennial with erect stems, woody at very bottom. Leaves simple, paired, highly aromatic with minty fragrance. Plants may be mat-like and low or more shrubby. Evergreen with a little water. Blooms/fruits: Blooms in late spring to summer (June to July, even Aug.). Flowers are typical for Mint family small flowers in ball-like whorls at the top of stems. Flowers are pale pink or lavender (except ssp. pallida which has white flowers). Flowers are particularly large, numerous and showy compared to others in this family. Uses in the garden: One of the prettiest Monardellas. Excellent choice for the butterfly garden. Minty fragrance is welcome in the scented garden and also as an herbal tea. Lovely in containers, where it may drape down the sides. Good for bordering lawns can take a little extra moisture or for rain gardens/vegetated swales. Very versatile; good under trees. Best at higher elevations. Sensible substitute for: Non-native Mints. Attracts: A range of butterflies with its sweet nectar. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Does best in part-shade in our area; dappled shade under trees is excellent. Soil Well-drained does well in sandy soils; any local pH Water Adaptable Zone 2 is best, but OK with 2-3 in well-drained soils. Fertilizer Fine with organic amendments, strength fertilizer. Other Organic mulch recommended. Management: Prune back lightly in fall. Deadhead to improve appearance. Propagation: from seed: yes; follow instructions from source by cuttings: in summer Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1, 3, 6, 8, 11, 13, 14, 24, 28 6/29/16

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  • * Coyote Mint Monardella villosa (ssp. subserrata) (mo-nar-DEL-uh vil-OH-suh)

    Family: Lamiaceae (Mint Family) Native to: Northern CA coast & coastal ranges and Sierra Nevada foothills; dry rocky slopes, ephemeral drainages, oak woodland, chaparral, mountain forests. Growth characteristics: perennial (sub-shrub) mature height: 1-2 ft. mature width: 2-4 ft. Evergreen perennial with many erect square stems, Leaves small, either dark green or furry gray-green, with a pungent fragrance. Slowly spreading. Blooms/fruits: Blooms May to August. Many small long-lasting flowers in dense heads. Flower colors range from lavender, rose-purple, to white. Showy for a native mint. Uses in the garden: Good in herb gardens, mixed borders and in narrow spaces. Does well on hot dry slopes and sand dunes. Excellent cascading down slopes or over rock walls. Would look nice in a container. Plant close to enjoy fragrance and the pollinators it attracts. Has a sweet spicy aroma and a slightly bitter mint-like flavor (can be used for tea). Cultivars: 'Russian River' slightly hairy. Sensible substitute for: Non-native mints. Attracts: Excellent pollinator habitat. Nectar attracts hummingbirds and a wide range of butterflies including Blue butterflies, Skippers, Western Tiger Swallowtail, Duskywings & CA Dogface. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun to part-shade Soil Light to medium texture sandy is probably best. Well-drained. Water Prefers a moist but well-drained sandy soil. Dont over-water, which will cause it to

    become leggy and decrease its lifespan. Fertilizer None needed Other Organic mulch fine Management: Shear about 1/3 of volume in fall/winter to keep it compact. Reseeds. Easy. Propagation: from seed: in pots or ground by cuttings: semi-softwood in summer; divisions in winter. Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1, 3, 8, 11, 13, 14, 19, 28 2/14/11 * CA native plant but not native to Western L.A. county Project SOUND

  • California Hedgenettle/Wood Mint Stachys bullata (STAY-kis bull-AY-ta)

    Family: Laminaceae (Mint Family) Native to: Coastal CA from San Francisco to Orange Co.; dryish slopes (near coast) and partially-shaded canyons in chaparral and coastal sage scrub, coast live oak riparian forest & woodland, sycamore riparian woodland. Growth characteristics: spreading perennial mature height: 1-4 ft. mature width: 2-5 ft. Dark green, fuzzy leaves are triangular to oval, toothed. Stem square (typical of Mints) and hairy. Plants mildly to strongly scented minty with lemon. Spreads by rhizomes. Blooms/fruits: Flowers are small, pink to lavender-red, with white markings on the lower lips (look like a mint flower; in whorls around stem). Blooms Mar-May or later. Very pretty bloomer. Uses in the garden: Most shady areas of garden. Cultivated beds or for a fragrance garden (pleasant lemon scent when rubbed). Excellent cut flowers. Use in woodland or perennial gardens. Spreads, so is useful groundcover for north- and east-facing slopes, under trees and near shaded rock walls. Sensible substitute for: Non-native mints, low herbaceous groundcovers. Attracts: Excellent hummingbird, bee, butterfly habitat plant; other birds eat seeds. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Part-shade; full sun only on immediate coast Soil Any well-drained soil; any local pH Water does better with occasional to moderate water, and tolerates seasonal flooding Fertilizer Organic mulches useful Other Management: Easy to grow. Does spread, but not aggressively; remove unwanted stems. Cut back nearly to the ground in late fall or early winter. Propagation: from seed: yes in fall/winter by cuttings: easy (treat like other mints) Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1-3, 7, 8, 11,12, 14, 20, 32 11/3/14

    Project SOUND

  • *Desert mock verbena Glandularia gooddingii (glan-doo-LAIR-ee-uh good-ding-ee-eye )

    Family: Verbenaceae (Verbena Family) Native to: Eastern Mojave Desert, ne Sonoran Desert from CA to UT, NV, NM, AZ & n. Mexico; along sandy washes, canyon floors, ravines or road banks in sandy soils, 2000-6000 ft. Growth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 1-2 ft. mature width: 1-3 ft. Shrubby perennial/sub-shrub with low, slightly mounded habit. Branches are open, mostly decumbent; often used a perennial groundcover. Foliage is medium green and softly hairy. Leaves are highly variable and may be 3-lobed or merely toothed, somewhat like chrysanthemum. Moderate growth rate, short-lived (3-5 years). Evergreen with a little summer water. Blooms/fruits: Blooms April-June, but may be earlier of later. Flowers are violet or pink-purple, in parts of five. Flowers grouped in dense clusters at the ends of branches (typical for the family). Very showy looks like a flower garden plant. Gorgeous when massed! Uses in the garden: Commonly used as perennial groundcover or purple accent plant. Good choice with native and non-native flowers with the same requirements. Showy in containers. Good choice for bordering walkways, patios, courtyards, pools. Good choice for hummingbird/butterfly gardens. Sensible substitute for: Non-native verbenas, lantanas. Attracts: Excellent hummingbird and butterfly habitat plant. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun to part-shade. Soil Well-drained soil a must; any local pH. Water Infrequent to moderate summer water ; Water Zone 2 or 2-3 in well-drained soils. Fertilizer None needed, except light dose if grown in containers. Other None/inorganic mulch. Management: Trim off spent flowers to improve appearance and lengthen bloom season. Remove dead plants. Plants will usually re-seed on bare ground and replace themselves. Propagation: from seed: easy; requires light to germinate by cuttings: probably Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 3, 8, 13, 16 7/30/14 * not native to western Los Angeles County, but a CA native Project SOUND

  • *Pt. Reyes checkerbloom Sidalcea calycosa ssp. rhizomata (sid-AL-see-uh CAL-ee-COE-suh rye-zo-MAY-tuh )

    Family: Malvaceae (Mallow Family) Native to: North & Central CA coast (Mendocino, Sonoma, Marin Counties); coastal salt marsh, wetland-riparian, freshwater marsh lands. Growth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 1-3 ft. mature width: 1-3+ ft. Spreading herbaceous perennial from a persistent root. Spreads via rhizomes to form groundcover. Leaves rounded, like mallow or geranium, medium green becoming red-tinged with age. Young leaves edible as raw or cooked greens. Blooms/fruits: Blooms in spring and summer April to Jul or later with water. Flowers are enchanting: translucent pale-to-medium pink petals with white at the center. Look like a small hibiscus flower. May flower profusely with dense flower clusters. Uses in the garden: Most often used as a ground cover under trees, where it gets dappled sun or afternoon shade. Likes summer water, so fine with overspray from lawns, or in beds that get regular water. Good around ponds/pools, bog or rain gardens with rushes, ferns, etc. Lovely in containers good for shady porches, shady parts of vegetable garden. Sensible substitute for: Non-native mallows and shady groundcovers. Attracts: Important pollinator plant: attracts native bees and butterflies, including the West Coast Lady butterfly (Vanessa annabella). Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Part-shade; afternoon shade or dappled shade. Soil Quite adaptable - probably better in clays; any local pH. Water Takes regular summer water to occasional water (Water Zone 2). Will flower longer

    with some water. Taper off in later summer. Fertilizer Occasional strength, particularly if grown in container. Other Leaf mulch is best; OK with medium-thick bark mulch. Management: Vigorous grower in moist conditions. Cut back in fall when flowering ceases. Propagation: from seed: ??? havent grown it by divisions: in fall/winter in S. CA Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 5, 46 5/3/16 * California native, but not native to Western Los Angeles County Project SOUND

  • Sticky (Bush) Monkey Flower Diplacus/Mimulus aurantiacus (DY (or DIP)-pla-kus aw-ran-TIE-ak-us)

    Family: Phrymaceae (Lopseed Family/Scophulariaceae (Figwort Family) Native to: Much of western & southern CA; Rocky hillsides, cliffs, canyon slopes, disturbed areas, borders of chaparral, coastal sage scrub and southern oak woodland, open forest. Growth characteristics: perennial sub-shrub mature height: 2-4 ft. mature width: 2-5 ft. Broadleaf evergreen shrub or subshrub that is semi-open, spreading upright and globular from a woody base. May become sprawling. Leaves are narrow glossy sticky and dark green. Dormant in summer in hot dry climates. Fast growing; lifespan in gardens is 10 years or so (water-limited). Blooms/fruits: Blooms Mar-Aug long blooming season; most flowers buff-orange or yellow. The lower surface of the throat usually has two yellow-orange bands. The flowers get a drop of nectar at their base in early spring, and the stigma lips will close if you poke them with a twig, but will open again later. Tiny seeds are encased in a dry capsule. Uses in the garden: Showy blooms so be sure to locate where you can enjoy it. Great on dry slopes and natural gardens. Does well in large pots, planters. Excellent accent plant in a mixed bed, pastel-colored garden. Cultivars/hybrids include: Buff, 'Verity Buff, & Jellybean. Sensible substitute for: Non-native fuschias. Attracts: Superb habitat plant. Attracts hummingbirds (the plants pollinator) as well as bees and butterflies (Buckeyes) with its nectar; important larval food for Checkerspot butterflies. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun (cool, coastal) to part-shade (best in most gardens) Soil Sandy, rocky soils best, but any well-drained soil is ok; any local pH tolerates

    alkali soils Water A little water is ok in summer, but dont overdo susceptible to fungal diseases Fertilizer None needed, but will take a little time-released fertilizer Other Management: Very easy to grow once established. Dont over-water and withhold water towards the end of summer to encourage it to go dormant. You can prune back after first flowering period to encourage fall flowers and again before new spring growth in late winter to keep from getting leggy. Propagation: from seed: easy; plant fresh seed in winter by cuttings: easy in early-mid summer Plant/seed sources (see source list): 1, 3, 5- 8, 10-14, 16, 17, 20, 21, 23-26, 28, 31, 45, 46, 52 6/26/16

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  • *Allscale (Cattle) saltbush Atriplex polycarpa (AT-ry-pleks polly-KAR-puh)

    Family: Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot Family) Native to: Southwestern U.S. from UT, NV & CA to n Mexico (Baja & Sonora); alkali flats, playas in warm desert shrub communities (creosote bush, ambrosia, shadscale, mesquite, saltgrass, etc.). Growth characteristics: perennial sub-shrub mature height: 3-5 ft. mature width: 3-5 ft. Drought-deciduous shrub or sub-shrub with mounded to sprawling/irregular form. Leaves pale green to blue-green, simple, usually oblong. Leaves excrete salt; are only shed under fairly serious drought conditions; evergreen or nearly so with occasional water. Blooms/fruits: Blooms primarily in summer (Jul-Aug) but may be anytime from spring into fall depending on rain & irrigation. Plants dioecious (separate male & female plants) or partly so. Flowers small, silver-green to gold, not particularly showy. Seed capsule tan. Edible seeds. Uses in the garden: Most often used in desert gardens for its excellent drought, alkalinity and salt tolerance. Makes a good background shrub, low hedge. Fire-resistant. Light color makes it an option for a white or moonlight garden. Excellent cover/shade for birds, lizards, small animals. Sensible substitute for: Non-native shrubs. Attracts: Excellent bird habitat: provides cover and seeds for food. Larval food for Western Pygmy Blue butterfly (Brephidium exilis). In wild, important forage plant for larger herbivores. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun Soil Sandy, well-drained but adaptable; pH 7.0-9.0 (neutral to alkali) Water Drought tolerant; best with occasional summer water (Water Zone 1-2 to 2) Fertilizer None needed; low dose yearly in containers Other Inorganic or no mulch Management: Plant on low mound in clay soils. Prune branches back by 1/3 in winter. Propagation: from seed: use year-old, dry seed by cuttings: probably easy Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 3, 8, 10, 16 6/29/16 * California native, but not native to Western Los Angeles County Project SOUND

    Growth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 1-2 ft. mature width: 1-2 ft. Mounded, short-lived perennial or annual that dies back with fall drought. Leaves gray-green, lacy and very hairy. The foliage is mostly in a neat ...RequirementElementSunGrowth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 1-3 ft. mature width: 2-3 ft. Herbaceous perennial with numerous stems from a single, slightly woody root. Leaves are lance-shaped, red-green to gray green depending on variet...RequirementElementSunGrowth characteristics: creeping perennial mature height: 1-3 ft. mature width: 1-3 ft. Robust herbaceous perennial that spreads by rhizomes. Dies back to ground in winter (or cut back). Stems and leaves are dark green to gray-gre...RequirementElementSunGrowth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 1-2 ft. mature width: spreading Herbaceous perennial with thin, delicate-looking (almost insignificant) foliage. Cultivars are more robust (see below). Drought deciduous dies...RequirementElementSunGrowth characteristics: clumping sub-shrub mature height: 2-4 ft. mature width: 2-3 ft. Semi-woody sub-shrub with faint camphor-like fragrance. Leaves rounded to lance-shaped, gland-dotted, clustered towards the branch tips. Stress-...RequirementElementSunGrowth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 2-5 ft. mature width: 1-2 ft. Pretty herbaceous perennial that dies back to the ground in fall/winter. Leaves large, blue green with velvety silver hairs. Spreads via rhizomes....RequirementElementSunGrowth characteristics: perennial/sub-shrub mature height: 1-3 ft. mature width: 2-3 ft.A variable species with many subspecies across its range. Gray-green to medium green mounded perennial with erect stems, woody at very bottom. Leaves simple, paired, highly aromatic with minty fragrance. Plants may be mat-like and low or more shru...RequirementElementSunGrowth characteristics: perennial (sub-shrub) mature height: 1-2 ft. mature width: 2-4 ft. Evergreen perennial with many erect square stems, Leaves small, either dark green or furry gray-green, with a pungent fragrance. Slowly spreading.RequirementElementSunGrowth characteristics: spreading perennial mature height: 1-4 ft. mature width: 2-5 ft. Dark green, fuzzy leaves are triangular to oval, toothed. Stem square (typical of Mints) and hairy. Plants mildly to strongly scented minty with ...RequirementElementSunGrowth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 1-2 ft. mature width: 1-3 ft. Shrubby perennial/sub-shrub with low, slightly mounded habit. Branches are open, mostly decumbent; often used a perennial groundcover. Foliage i...RequirementElementSunGrowth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 1-3 ft. mature width: 1-3+ ft. Spreading herbaceous perennial from a persistent root. Spreads via rhizomes to form groundcover. Leaves rounded, like mallow or geranium, medium gre...RequirementElementSunGrowth characteristics: perennial sub-shrub mature height: 2-4 ft. mature width: 2-5 ft.RequirementElementSunGrowth characteristics: perennial sub-shrub mature height: 3-5 ft. mature width: 3-5 ft. Drought-deciduous shrub or sub-shrub with mounded to sprawling/irregular form. Leaves pale green to blue-green, simple, usually oblong. Leaves excr...RequirementElementSun

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