Gardening sheets butterfly container

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    10-Jan-2017

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  • *Desert marigold Baileya multiradiata (BAY-lee-uh mul-ty-ray-dee-AH-tuh)

    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family) Native to: Deserts of Southwestern U.S. from TX, CA, UT & NV to northern Mexico. In CA, in the Mojave Desert; stony slopes, mesas, roadsides and sandy plains to about 6000 ft. elevation, in Creosote Bush Scrub, Joshua Tree Woodland. Growth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 1-2 ft. mature width: 1-2 ft. Mounded, short-lived perennial or annual that dies back with fall drought. Leaves gray-green, lacy and very hairy. The foliage is mostly in a neat basal rosette. Looks like a garden perennial. Blooms/fruits: Blooms off and on from spring through fall (Mar-Nov), depending on soil moisture. Flower heads are a brilliant golden-yellow, 1-2 inches in diameter; held on leafless stalks above the foliage. Long-lived flowers are truly spectacular; they also attract a wide range of insects. Uses in the garden: Most any sunny place that needs a spot of low color. Nice at fronts of dry beds, along walkways. Excellent for accent pots, rock gardens and desert-themed gardens. Super choice for habitat garden. Foliage makes it appropriate for white/moon garden. Nice cut flower. Sensible substitute for: Non-native marigolds, low sunflowers. Attracts: Excellent bird habitat: provides cover and seeds for food. Attracts native bees, butterflies, moths and other pollinators. Excellent all-round habitat plant. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun to part-shade; can take heat, reflected heat. Soil Must be well-drained (use cactus mix in containers); Water Occasional summer water (Water Zone 1-2 to 2) for long bloom season. Fertilizer None in ground; dose once a year in pots. Other Inorganic or no mulch. Management: Plants are short-lived, but will reseed nicely on bare ground. Dont over-water. Propagation: from seed: fresh seed; plant with winter rains or let naturalize in garden. Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 38, 47, 66 6/30/16 * California native, but not native to Western Los Angeles County Project SOUND

  • Hairy Gumplant Grindelia hirsutula (grin-DEL-ee-uh her-SUIT-yoo-luh)

    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family) Native to: West coast of N. America from S. CA to British Columbia; coastal plains and foothills, usually on slopes or sea bluffs, in sandy or gravelly soils. Growth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 1-3 ft. mature width: 2-3 ft. Herbaceous perennial with numerous stems from a single, slightly woody root. Leaves are lance-shaped, red-green to gray green depending on variety and conditions. Foliage may be hairy, aromatic. More delicate & garden-like than other Grindelias. Dies back in fall. Blooms/fruits: Profuse blooms in late spring/summer. Flowers are golden-yellow, typical sunflower-type heads. Very showy in bloom bright yellow color spot. Uses in the garden: Excellent choice for cottage garden or any other garden featuring flowers. Good staple at back of flowering beds, combined with other summer-blooming native perennials, grasses. Good for xeriscaping very tough plant. Yellow/green natural dye from flowers. Native Californians used leaves/teas to treat skin sores, itching, bronchitis. Sensible substitute for: Non-native summer-flowering perennials like gazanias, daisies. Attracts: Excellent habitat plant. Nectar attracts many insects; birds eat the seeds. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun best Soil Sandy soils best; ok with other well-drained soils; any local pH Water Quite drought resistant. Looks better with a little summer water (Zone 2).

    Decrease water in late summer/fall. Fertilizer None needed. Other Management: Deadhead flowers if desired to improve appearance. Cut back dead stems in fall. Easy. Will re-seed, but easy to remove unwanted seedlings. Propagation: from seed: easy with fresh seed in fall/winter by cuttings: ?? Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 2, 10, 13 7/3/13

    Project SOUND

  • California Goldenrod Solidago velutina ssp. californica (sol-i-DAY-go vey-loo-TEEN-uh ka-li-FOR-ni-ka)

    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family) Native to: Much of west coast of N. America, including CA (mostly W. of Sierras); dry or moist areas, either in the open or in shaded woods, from coastal sage scrub to yellow pine forest. Also cleared or disturbed places. Growth characteristics: creeping perennial mature height: 1-3 ft. mature width: 1-3 ft. Robust herbaceous perennial that spreads by rhizomes. Dies back to ground in winter (or cut back). Stems and leaves are dark green to gray-green colored and densely fuzzy. Quick growing. Forms large colonies in moist environments less so in summer dry conditions. Blooms/fruits: Blooms summer/fall, usually July-Oct. along coast. Showy clusters of small, yellow flowers on wand-like flowering stalks. Glorious golden yellow attract pollinators. Uses in the garden: Truly a striking accent plant in the wild or in garden. Provides welcome fall color. Does well in pots and planters, where it can be contained. Great for slopes, meadows. Sensible substitute for: Non-native perennial yellow asters, chrysanthemums. Attracts: Excellent habitat plant for many species. Butterflies, bees and other insects collect nectar from the flowers. Seed-eating birds and insects eat seeds. Plants also provide cover. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun to light shade Soil Any, including poorly-draining clays Water Tolerates winter flooding. Very drought tolerant, but blooms better with occasional

    summer water. Regular summer water encourages rapid growth. Fertilizer None needed Other Management: Easy to grow. Spreads via rhizomes; easily controlled by removing unwanted stems during winter dormant period or planting in contained environment. Seeds wind-spread. Propagation: from seed: challenging; use fresh seed; slow germination by divisions: easy Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1, 2, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 20, 24, 25, 32, 46 8/24/14

    Project SOUND

  • * Pacific Aster Symphyotrichum chilense var. chilense (sim-fee-oh-TREE-cum chee-LENS)

    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family) Native to: Coastal N. America from Santa Barbara Co. to British Columbia; Grasslands, salt marshes, coastal dunes/bluffs, coastal grasslands/scrub, open disturbed habitats in evergreen and Pacific coast coniferous forest. Growth characteristics: herbaceous perennial mature height: 1-2 ft. mature width: spreading Herbaceous perennial with thin, delicate-looking (almost insignificant) foliage. Cultivars are more robust (see below). Drought deciduous dies back completely in dry summer months. Spreads vigorously via rhizomes. Blooms/fruits: Blooms in summer (may be as long as July-Sept. with summer water). Flowers are very attractive small daisy-type heads. Ray flowers most often light purple, but may range from white to pink, deeper purple; disk flowers are yellow. Very showy plant in bloom. Uses in the garden: Usually used in mixed beds with other native grasses, shrubs and wildflowers. Excellent choice for slopes, Cottage Garden or native prairie/grassland. A must for habitat gardens; would do well in large pots/planters. Several excellent cultivars available: 'Point St. George' low-growing with more robust foliage; Purple Haze darker purple flowers & more robust foliage. Sensible substitute for: Non-native Asters. Attracts: Excellent all-round habitat plant. Native bees, butterflies and other insects love the nectar. Seed-eating birds like towhees & sparrows eat the seeds. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun to moderate shade. Soil Just about any texture sand to clay; any local pH. Water Very adaptable. Can take regular water (Zone 3) but will spread aggressively. Best

    in Zone 2-3 or 2 (occasional water); withhold water in late summer/fall. Fertilizer None. Other Management: Plant where it can be contained will spread. Cut back late fall if it doesnt die back. Propagation: from seed: fresh seed in summer/fall by cuttings/divisions: easy Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1- 3, 6, 8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 24 2/13/11 * CA native plant but not native to Western L.A. county Project SOUND

  • Saltmarsh Fleabane Pluchea odorata ssp. odorata (PLOO-shuh oh-dor-AY-tuh)

    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family) Native to: Much of southern U.S. to S. America, Caribbeans. In CA, mostly w. of Sierras, but also in s. desert areas; common in moist soil including saline valley bottoms, coastal salt marshes, freshwater marshes, washes & riparian areas. Growth characteristics: clumping sub-shrub mature height: 2-4 ft. mature width: 2-3 ft. Semi-woody sub-shrub with faint camphor-like fragrance. Leaves rounded to lance-shaped, gland-dotted, clustered towards the branch tips. Stress-deciduous (looses leaves in drought; cold); may be an annual in colder climates. Plants have many, upright stalks. Spreads via rhizomes. Blooms/fruits: Blooms in late summer through fall (July-Aug through Oct.). Flowers typical of Sunflower family. Fragrant, pink/lavender flower heads are numerous in dense, flat-topped clusters at ends of branches quite showy and unique, especially in Fall. Seeds have fluffy bristles. Uses in the garden: Excellent choice for moister areas of garden (rain gardens; swales; under birdbat