Gardening sheets alice eastwood

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<ul><li><p>*Purdys onion Allium fimbriatum var. purdyi (AL ee-um fim-bree-AY-tum PURR-di-eye ) </p><p>Family: Liliaceae (Lily Family) </p><p>Native to: Local endemic from Lake &amp; Colusa Counties; uncommon near Clear Lake on serpentine/clay outcrops. </p><p>Growth characteristics: perennial bulb mature height: 1-2 ft. mature width: 1 ft. Herbaceous perennial from an oval bulb with a red-brown outer coat. Completely summer </p><p>deciduous (dies back to the ground); re-emerges with spring rains. Leaves few, pale green, linear, </p><p>from the base. </p><p>Blooms/fruits: Blooms in spring April to June. Flowers are a pretty white to pale lavender with darker mid-veins. Flowers in open cluster (umbel) of 20 to 75 flowers on a naked stem. Lovely, </p><p>delicate appearance. </p><p>Uses in the garden: Most useful in rock gardens or in containers. Does well on dry, well-drained slopes. Attractive with other native bulbs, cool-season grasses. </p><p>Sensible substitute for: Non-native Alliums. </p><p>Attracts: Little known about interactions probably attracts some small pollinator insects. </p><p>Requirements: </p><p>Element Requirement </p><p>Sun Full sun to part-shade. </p><p>Soil Likes well-drained soils. Grows in rocky clay soils in nature. </p><p>Water Needs good spring moisture; little to no summer water. </p><p>Fertilizer None. </p><p>Other Inorganic or no mulch. </p><p>Management: Divide bulbs if flowering decreases. ?? May be difficult </p><p>Propagation: from seed: yes by divisions: easy in spring </p><p>Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 48 4/28/15 * CA native but not native to western Los Angeles county Project SOUND </p></li><li><p>*Coast lily Lilium maritimum (LIL-ee-um muh-RIT-tim-mum) </p><p>Family: Liliaceae (Lily Family) </p><p>Native to: Coastal California from below San Francisco to Mendocino County (formerly in Central Coast); sandstone soils that usually flood sometime during the year in coastal prairies, north coastal </p><p>scrub, bogs, gaps in closed-cone pine forests. Habitat disappearing in the wilds. </p><p>Growth characteristics: perennial bulb mature height: 2-4 ft. mature width: 2-3 ft. Herbaceous perennial from a rhizomatous bulb. Completely summer deciduous (dies back to the </p><p>ground); re-emerges with spring rains. Leaves green, lance-shaped from a basal rosette; smaller </p><p>leaves along flowering stalk. Typical appearance for lily. </p><p>Blooms/fruits: Blooms in late spring/early summer May to July. Flowers are trumpet shape of lilies, but smaller (1-2 inches) than common garden types. Flowers are nodding, in clusters of </p><p>several to 10 or more, and are not scented. Color is bright red or red-orange, with maroon spots. </p><p>Rolled sepal and petal tips are unique among North American lilies. </p><p>Uses in the garden: Happiest in shady areas that get moderate water. Good under trees or large shrubs adding an old-fashioned, woodsy appearance. Fine in shady mixed beds. Combine with N. </p><p>Coast native grasses like Calamagrostis nutkaensis and bulbs. Also nice in shady pots, where it can </p><p>be given the conditions it needs. Flowers are long-lasting and showy. </p><p>Sensible substitute for: Non-native lilies. </p><p>Attracts: Pollinated by hummingbirds and large bees. </p><p>Requirements: </p><p>Element Requirement </p><p>Sun Dappled sun to part-shade (best). </p><p>Soil Likes well-drained soils. Grows in sandy soils in nature. pH 5.5-7.5 </p><p>Water Occasional summer water after blooming is ok. </p><p>Fertilizer None in ground; strength in spring for containers. </p><p>Other Thin leaf or other organic mulch is ideal. </p><p>Management: Plants are easy to grow in the right conditions; will spread slowly. Cut off dead foliage when it withers. Will hybridize with other lilies. </p><p>Propagation: from seed: likely requires cold-moist treatment by divisions: easy in fall </p><p>Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 60 4/30/15 * CA native but not native to Western Los Angeles County Project SOUND </p></li><li><p>Indian Milkweed Asclepias eriocarpa (as-KLEP-ee-us air-ee-oh-CAR-puh) </p><p>Family: Asclepiadiceae (Milkweed family) </p><p>Native to: West Coast from WA to Baja CA; locally in Santa Monica &amp; San Gabriel mountains &amp; foothills. Grows in colonies on plains, hills, and valleys, in summer-dry areas and along stream </p><p>sides, primarily in chaparral, oak woodland. </p><p>Growth characteristics: Herbaceous perennial mature height: 2-4 ft. mature width: to 3 ft. Perennial herb from stout woody rootstock. Leaves light green to gray-green, large, hairy and </p><p>succulent-looking. Dies back to ground fall/winter. </p><p>Blooms/fruits: May-Sept. Small pink-crme flowers grow in showy heads above the foliage. </p><p>Uses in the garden: In mixed flower beds, where showy flowers can be appreciated. One of our best butterfly plants, so often included in butterfly gardens. Most attractive if allowed to form a </p><p>good-sized patch. Does NOT do as well in pots. Plant was used as a medicine plant and fiber </p><p>source by Native Californians. Note: All parts of plant are toxic if eaten. </p><p>Sensible substitute for: non-native Milkweeds </p><p>Attracts: Bees, Milkweed Beetles and butterflies (larval food source for Monarch butterfly). </p><p>Requirements: </p><p>Element Requirement </p><p>Sun Full sun to part-shade </p><p>Soil Best in well-drained, but tolerates clay soils; any pH is fine </p><p>Water Average needs in spring/summer dont over-water; tolerates some winter-spring flooding </p><p>Fertilizer None needed </p><p>Other May benefit from mulching </p><p>Management: Cut back to ground in winter. Limiting water in summer will keep from becoming invasive. Easy to grow once established. Plant out plants when small resents root disturbance. </p><p>Propagation: from seed: collect pods when ripe (tan) but before they open. Plant fresh seeds in fall in prepared beds. by divisions: divide in fall, at time of first rains. Be sure each piece of rhizome has at least 1 bud. Irrigate until plants are established. </p><p>Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1, 13, 57 6/27/11 Project SOUND </p></li><li><p>Catalina Isl. Mountain MahoganyCercocarpus traskiae (SIR-co-CARP-us TRASK-ee-eye </p><p>Family: Rosaceae (Rose Family) </p><p>Native to: Endemic to Santa Catalina Island only a few populations left in the wild; rocky slopes of a steep-sided, narrow, dry arroyo in coastal sage scrub community. </p><p>Growth characteristics: woody shrub/tree mature height: 10-18 ft. mature width: 10-12 ft. Large evergreen shrub to small tree. Branches erect to spreading. Leathery oval leaves are very </p><p>hairy beneath. Quite dense foliage. Long-lived are fairly slow-growing. Similar to C. montanus. </p><p>Blooms/fruits: Blooms in spring usually Mar-May but may be even earlier. Small flowers lack petals. You might not know this plant is in bloom except for the pollinators that flock to it. Seeds </p><p>have showy long plume plant is very attractive when these are present. </p><p>Uses in the garden: Used as an accent or yard tree in dry gardens. Can be hedged and makes a </p><p>nice hedge, windbreak or narrow screen. Can be combined with other shrubs for a hedgerow. </p><p>Great for seaside or hot gardens. Good on slopes, along roadways. Can even be espaliered along </p><p>a wall or trellis. Excellent choice for Channel Island themed gardens. </p><p>Sensible substitute for: Non-native evergreen shrubs (particularly those that are water-guzzlers). </p><p>Attracts: Excellent bird habitat: provides cover, nest sites and seeds for food. Attracts pollinators. </p><p>Requirements: </p><p>Element Requirement </p><p>Sun Full sun to part-shade (afternoon shade). </p><p>Soil Well-drained sandy or rocky is best. </p><p>Water Zone 1-2 (very occasional; will be drought deciduous) to Zone 2 (deep water when soil becomes dry). Drought tolerant when established. Dont over-water. </p><p>Fertilizer None needed. </p><p>Other </p><p>Management: Does fine with neglect, but can be shaped, pruned and hedged. Prune/hedge in Spring/ summer. Remove suckers soon. Can be coppiced to rejuvenate old plant in late fall/winter. </p><p>Propagation: from seed: long cold-wet treatment by cuttings: semi-soft in fall </p><p>Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 8 2/23/10 Project SOUND </p></li><li><p>* Del Mar Manzanita Arctostaphylos glandulosa ssp. crassifolia (ark-toh-STAF-ih-los gland-you-LOW-suh crass-ih-FOE-lee-uh ) </p><p>Family: Ericaceae (Heath Family) </p><p>Native to: Endemic to the south-central coast of San Diego Co. &amp; extreme northwestern Baja California; on coastal bluffs in maritime chaparral plant community &lt; 300 ft. Very rare in the wild. </p><p>Growth characteristics: woody shrub mature height: 3-8 ft. mature width: 4-8 ft. Mounded, small to medium evergreen shrub. Thick, leathery &amp; shiny leaves range from medium </p><p>green more gray-green. Smooth red bark and nice natural shape open like a miniature tree. Re-sprouts after fires/damage from a basal burl. </p><p>Blooms/fruits: Blooms in winter/early spring. Small. Pale-pink urn-shaped flowers in dense clusters typical of the manzanitas. Very showy in bloom and in summer when the edible berries </p><p>turn a bright red-brown. Make jelly/syrup and Manzanita cider from the berries. </p><p>Uses in the garden: Decorative color, shape make it a natural accent plant like a miniature tree. Fine for informal hedges. Excellent smaller shrub for Chaparral-themed garden. Pair with its </p><p>natural associates: Comarostaphylos, Xylococcus, Quercus and Salvia species. Wonderful sprawling </p><p>over rocks, walls, etc. Quite an adaptable plant in coastal and western L.A. Basin gardens. </p><p>Sensible substitute for: Non-native shrubs including Camellia, Abelia, privet, etc. </p><p>Attracts: Excellent habitat plant: provides nectar (for hummingbirds, insect polinators) cover and fruits for food. </p><p>Requirements: </p><p>Element Requirement </p><p>Sun Full sun (coast) to part-shade (hot, inland gardens). </p><p>Soil Well-drained sandy or rocky best; slightly acidic (pH 6.00 to 7.60) </p><p>Water No to little water once established (Zone 1 or 1-2); water once in August </p><p>Fertilizer None </p><p>Other Likes an organic mulch; pine needles fine. </p><p>Management: Prune to remove dead branches in dry periods. Sterilize pruner between cuts. This plant needs little maintenance. Looks best when left to shape itself. </p><p>Propagation: from seed: difficult; heat &amp; cold treatment by cuttings: semi-soft wood in fall </p><p>Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1, 3, 8, 11, 13, 14 11/30/11 Project SOUND </p></li><li><p>* Mt. Diablo Manzanita Arctostaphylos auriculata (ark-toh-STAF-ih-los aw-rik-yoo-LAY-tuh ) </p><p>Family: Ericaceae (Heath Family) </p><p>Native to: Endemic to the western slopes of Mount Diablo, in Contra Costa County ( e San Francisco Bay Area); occurs primarily in chamise or manzanita chaparral. It can also be found as an </p><p>understory shrub in coast live oak woodland, in sandstone-derived soils, elevation: 400'-2000'. </p><p>Growth characteristics: woody shrub mature height: 3-10+ ft. mature width: 3-10+ ft. Evergreen woody shrub, erect/mounded, with gnarled branches. Slow growing. Leaves silvery to </p><p>gray-green, soft/hairy &amp; clasping the stem. Foliage neat &amp; dense different, very attractive. </p><p>Blooms/fruits: Blooms in winter/early spring. Flowers are small, light pink and urn-shaped typical for manzantas. Profuse blooms contrast beautifully with foliage. Fruit hairy, small, ripe in summer. </p><p>Uses in the garden: Most often used as a specimen plant for its lovely foliage. Can be used as a large background shrub to highlight darker foliage plants. Fine under tall trees with dappled sun. </p><p>Cultivar Diablo Blush is 5-6' tall &amp; wide, with all the characteristics of the species. Knobcone Point is a natural variant that is 6 tall &amp; wide that retains its close-set juvenile leaves, creating a fish scale-like effect unique!. </p><p>Sensible substitute for: Non-native shrubs like privet, Raphiolepis, etc. </p><p>Attracts: Excellent habitat plant: provides nectar (hummingbirds &amp; insect pollinators) cover and berries for food. </p><p>Requirements: </p><p>Element Requirement </p><p>Sun Full sun (best along coast) to part-shade (hot inland gardens). </p><p>Soil Any well-drained soil; slightly acidic best (6.0-7.5) </p><p>Water Best with occasional summer water (Zone 1-2 to 2); wash off leaves monthly in summer to simulate fog. </p><p>Fertilizer None </p><p>Other Likes organic mulch pine needles great! </p><p>Management: Prune to shape when young (if desired). Remove dead branches in dry season, sterilizing pruners between cuts. Quite low maintenance once established. </p><p>Propagation: from seed: difficult; heat &amp; cold treatment by cuttings: semi-soft wood in fall </p><p>Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1, 13 (cultivars) 11/30/11 Project SOUND </p></li><li><p>* Glossy Leaf Manzanita Arctostaphylos nummularia (ark-toh-STAF-ih-los num-yoo-LAIR-ee-uh ) </p><p>Family: Ericaceae (Heath Family) </p><p>Native to: Endemic to CA North Coast, Outer North Coast Ranges, w San Francisco Bay Area (Mount Tamalpais, Santa Cruz Mtns); on rocky sites, woodland, coniferous forest, at elevations &lt; 2000 ft. </p><p>Growth characteristics: woody shrub mature height: 2-4+ ft. mature width: 4-6 ft. Low-growing, dense evergreen woody shrub. Variable in height, it can be &lt; 2 ft in rocky exposed </p><p>sites in the wild, usually taller in the garden. Form: prostrate, mounded to upright. Smooth red </p><p>bark and small, dark green leaves with reddish tips. Underside of leaves may be hairy. </p><p>Blooms/fruits: Blooms in winter or very early spring. Flowers white with pale pink blush. Many small, urn-shaped flowers in bunches, typical of manzanitas. Flowers sweetly scented and showy. </p><p>Small dry apple-like fruits can be used to make jellies, sauces, or manzanita cider. </p><p>Uses in the garden: Most often used in the understory of large trees like pines. Makes a nice woody ground cover or grow as a specimen in a large container. Does best near the coast low cold/heat tolerance. Grow with common associates like Allium unifolium, Mimulus aurantiacus, Baccharis pilularis, Pinus attenuata, Fragaria vesca, Satureja douglasii and Dendromecon rigida. </p><p>Sensible substitute for: Non-native shade-tolerant shrubs. </p><p>Attracts: Excellent bird habitat: provides nectar and fruits for food. Pollinated by large bees and attracts hummingbirds. </p><p>Requirements: </p><p>Element Requirement </p><p>Sun Afternoon shade except in foggy coastal areas. </p><p>Soil Sandy soils best; likes acidic soils, so amend soils with peat moss. </p><p>Water Likes some summer water (Zone 2-3); spray leaves in summer to simulate fog. </p><p>Fertilizer Low dose acidic fertilizer ever 2-3 years. </p><p>Other Use an organic mulch like bark chips, pine needles....</p></li></ul>