From Telling Stories with Data to Telling Stories with Data Infrastructures: Repurposing Digital Methods and the Data Sprint for Data Journalism

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  • From Telling Stories with Data to Telling Stories with Data Infrastructures

    7 January 2016, University of Amsterdam Liliana Bounegru | lilianabounegru.org | @bb_liliana

    Repurposing Digital Methods and the Data Sprint for Data Journalism

    http://lilianabounegru.orghttps://twitter.com/bb_liliana

  • Data Journalism Handbook: http://datajournalismhandbook.org/

    http://datajournalismhandbook.org/

  • Data Journalism Handbook: http://datajournalismhandbook.org/

    http://datajournalismhandbook.org/

  • Data Journalism MOOC: http://datajournalismcourse.net/

    http://datajournalismcourse.net/

  • Data Driven Journalism: http://datadrivenjournalism.net/

    http://datadrivenjournalism.net/

  • Data Journalism Awards: www.globaleditorsnetwork.org/programmes/data-journalism-awards/

    http://www.globaleditorsnetwork.org/programmes/data-journalism-awards/

  • 1. How could the data journalism mainstream be reimagined?

  • Bounegru, L. What Data Journalists Need to Do Differently. Harvard Business Review.!https://hbr.org/2014/05/what-data-journalists-need-to-do-differently/

    https://hbr.org/2014/05/what-data-journalists-need-to-do-differently/

  • Bounegru, L. What Data Journalists Need to Do Differently. Harvard Business Review, 2014

    when journalists are building their stories exclusively around existing data collected by a small number of major

    institutions and companies, this may exacerbate the tendency to amplify issues already considered a priority, and to downplay those that have been relegated or which

    arent on the radar screens of major institutions.

  • Frontex official cited in Le Monde Diplomatique, 31 March 2014

    Le travail de Frontex, cest la lutte contre limmigration illgale, pas le sauvetage en mer, et ces gens-l sont morts,

    ce ne sont plus des migrants.

  • How could things be different?

  • Bounegru, L. What Data Journalists Need to Do Differently. Harvard Business Review, 2014

    Data journalists should strive to go beyond established sources to find or create their own data in order to bring

    about fresh reflections and insights or to bring new issues to the publics attention.

  • http://www.themigrantsfiles.com/

    http://www.themigrantsfiles.com/

  • Nicolas Kayser-Bril cited in Gray, J., Lmmerhirt, D. and Bounegru, L. Changing what counts: How can citizen and civil society data be used as

    an advocacy tool to change official data collection? (2016)

    The goal of the project changed as the investigation progressed: we originally thought that we would structure existing information in order to geolocate it and then

    realised that the story was not about the data we had but about the data we didnt have.

  • How could things be different?

  • From telling stories with data to telling stories with data

    infrastructures

  • Gray, J., Gerlitz, C. and Bounegru, L. (forthcoming). Towards a Literacy for Data Infrastructures

  • Gray, J., Gerlitz, C. and Bounegru, L. (forthcoming). Towards a Literacy for Data Infrastructures

    Might conceptions of data literacy which focus on increasing the effective use, uptake and transformation of

    data not risk overlooking questions about how data is made and how it might be made differently?

  • From data as a resource or raw material to be mined and to extract value from

  • To accounting for the wider data infrastructures which create the socio-technical conditions for the creation,

    extraction and analysis of data.

  • Where can we draw inspiration from to reimagine data journalism

    as telling stories with or about data infrastructures?

  • 2. Telling stories with data infrastructures: Examples from

    digital methods research

  • Situated at the intersection between media and social

    research after the digital turn

  • Digital Methods Initiative!www.digitalmethods.net

    http://www.digitalmethods.net

  • Digital methods take up the challenge of rethinking the methodological repertoires of social and cultural research by

    creatively engaging with digital infrastructures and their devices

  • Richard Rogers, Political Research in the Digital Age, International Public Policy Review, 2014

    [Digital methods] refers to repurposing online devices and platforms (such as Google searches, Facebook and

    Wikipedia) for social and political research that would often have been otherwise improbable.

  • Richard Rogers, Political Research in the Digital Age, International Public Policy Review, 2014

    [Digital methods] encourage a sociological outlook or imagination about research opportunities that exist in online culture by following the medium rather than asking it to do

    ones disciplinary bidding.

  • Noortje Marres, Re-distributing methods - digital social research as participatory research, 2011

    This approach accords to digital devices, search engines chief among them, the capacity to generate potentially new

    methods of social research.

  • Digital methods are !(1) an approach to studying social and political issues online (issue mapping, controversy mapping, digital STS) !(2) an approach to the study of digital platforms to makes visible the method and information politics of digital devices !(3) a contribution to the methodological repertoire of social and Internet studies and way to reflect on the politics of methods of these disciplines

  • Some examples

  • 1. Mapping Right-Wing Formations in Europe with the web and hyperlink analysis!

  • The Guardian (2013) The rise of far right parties across Europe is a chilling echo of the 1930s.Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/nov/15/far-right-threat-europe-integration

    http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/nov/15/far-right-threat-europe-integration

  • Huffington Post (2014) Sudden Rise of Far Right Groups in EU Parliament Rings Alarm Bells Across Europe. Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/elinadav-heymann/sudden-rise-of-far-right-

    _b_5512961.html

    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/elinadav-heymann/sudden-rise-of-far-right-_b_5512961.html

  • New York Times (2014) Populist Party Gaining Muscle to Push Britain to the Right.Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/08/world/europe/populist-party-gaining-muscle-to-push-

    britain-to-the-right.html

    http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/08/world/europe/populist-party-gaining-muscle-to-push-britain-to-the-right.html

  • What kinds of issues are most active amongst far right groups?

  • How are far right extremist groups connected to populist right and other right wing groups

    online?

  • What are the recruitment methods of far right groups?

  • Are current counter-measures proving effective?

  • Profiles for 13 European countries.

  • Method!

    1. Compile lists of links per country with expert input

    2. Hyperlink analysis with the Issue Crawler

    3. Study issues and actors in resulting networks

  • Greece: blood and soil and organic markets

  • Rogers, R. et al (2013) Right-Wing Formations in Europe and Their Counter-Measures: An Online Mapping. Digital Methods Initiative. https://wiki.digitalmethods.net/Dmi/RightWingPopulismStudy

    https://wiki.digitalmethods.net/Dmi/RightWingPopulismStudy

  • Hungary: horse and yurt recruitment festivals

  • Rogers, R. et al (2013) Right-Wing Formations in Europe and Their Counter-Measures: An Online Mapping. Digital Methods Initiative. https://wiki.digitalmethods.net/Dmi/RightWingPopulismStudy

    https://wiki.digitalmethods.net/Dmi/RightWingPopulismStudy

  • Taking back the yurt?

  • Findings

    Right-wing politics in the North is animated by Islamophobia while the old right is still active in the South.

    !New issues (e.g. environment, anti-globalisation and rights),

    principles and recruitment techniques animate right wing politics in Europe today.

    Counter-measures are often outdated (mismatch between activities

    of the right and measures to counter them). !

  • 2. Mapping counter-Jihadist (anti-Islamist) groups with Facebook analysis

  • The Guardian (2012) Far-right anti-Muslim network on rise globally as Breivik trial opens. Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/apr/14/breivik-trial-norway-mass-murderer

    http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/apr/14/breivik-trial-norway-mass-murderer

  • Hope Not Hate (2012) Counter-Jihad Report.Available at: http://www.hopenothate.org.uk/counter-jihad/

    http://www.hopenothate.org.uk/counter-jihad/

  • Are different Counter-Jihadist groups in Europe connected? If so how?

  • Methods!!

    1. Set up Facebook research account !

    2. Submit request to join Facebook groups of interest making research intentions known in the request

    !3. Use the Netvizz application to extract (anonymised)

    user activity data across groups

  • Digital Methods Initiative. Counter-Jihadist Networks: Mapping the Connections Between Facebook Groups in Europe.

  • Digital Methods Initiative. Counter-Jihadist Networks: Mapping the Connections Between Facebook Groups in Europe.

  • Findings

    Facebook is an important medium for extremist groups.

    !Three main clusters based on geographical proximity.

    !European Counter-Jihadist groups are networked and

    transnational. !

    Most engage