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El Pretérito y El Imperfecto

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El pretrito e imperfecto

El Pretrito y El Imperfecto

The Formula - Preterit When dealing with verbs that end in ar, -er, and ir, they each look slightly different.

Ejemplo: cantar pretrito (yo): cante

The Formula - ImperfectLike the preterite, -ar, -er, and ir verbs conjugate slightly differently.

Imperfecto (yo): cantaba

The Tense Depends on TIMEIf the an action does not have a defined time period or is vague then it is imperfecto I used to watch movies with my family. Yo miraba pelculas con mi familia.

If an action has a defined time period, then you should use the preterite. Yesterday I watched a movie. Ayer mire una pelcula.

Knowing When to Use EachWhen speaking in the past, there are typically two tenses that are used the preterite and the imperfect.. Ejemplo 1: Last week I worked at the grocery store. (PRETERITE) La semana pasada yo trabaje en el sper mercado.Ejemplo 1: I worked at the grocery store when I was young.(IMPERFECT) Yo trabajaba en el sper mercado cuando era joven.

Questions When might you use these tenses in the real world?Can these tenses be used interchangeably?Does every verb follow the exact formula when dealing with the imperfect?

They can be used together too!I was cleaning my car when suddenly came the rain.Yo limpiaba mi carro cuando de repente llego la lluvia.The beginning of the rain happened DURING the cleaning of the car. C l e a n i n g t h e c a r The beginning of rain

Other Uses for the ImperfectSetting up a situationJohn was walking across the street when John caminaba a travs de la calle cuando Speaking in the past about stuff that used to happen I used to walk to school every day.Yo caminaba a mi escuela cada da.Conveying emotion while specific events are happening I was happy when John won the gameEstaba (estar) alegre cuando John gano el partido.

QuestionsWhat would a heavy use of the imperfect by a speaker mean?If you were asked about when you were a baby, what tense would you use?If you were writing a fairy tale, would you start by using a lot of imperfect or preterit to set the story up?

The Preterite and Imperfect in Conversation Pt.1Besides telling a story, it is good to know how to respond to questions and to be able to give your listener the proper context you want to convey.If you were asked, What did you have for dinner last night?Qu comiste de cena la noche pasada?You could answer by saying eitherCom empanadas la noche pasada. Coma empanadas la noche pasada Both are not wrong, but the first example simply answers the question, while the second example implies another action happened WHILE you were eating empanadas

As a speaker, you could also ASK questions using these tenses, but remember that the tenses do change what you are askingTe gust la comida? (Did you like the food?)... This simply is a simple questionTe gustaba la comida? (Did you enjoy food) This now implies a non specific non singular time. Conversations Pt. 2

Questions How many specific events can fit into an ongoing event?Are there multiple ways to answer a question?How would you as a lawyer, questioning a witness, ask about his whereabouts while a crime occurred?

Video Explanation!https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xMoIZomZG0Q

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