A smooth running classroom is the result of implementing appropriate rules and procedures so that students know what is expected. Either you set the standards, or your students will.
What students want to know when they enter your classroom on the first day:
What is done on the first day will to a large extent, determine the success of that class.
Greet students personally as they enter the room.
Assign seats to students
Instruct students to begin the assignment at their desks as soon as they find their seat.
I put an assignment on the board every single day before the students came in to my classes. I now have one of the smoothest running classrooms, and the students produce more for me now than at any other time.Shirley Bert Lee, Elementary TeacherThe First Days of School
First Day Assignment
Bell Workreading math revisionspellingcolouringdrawing
The one, single, most important factor governing student learning is classroom management.Educational Leadership, January 1994
Rules Have Consequences
RewardsPraiseWhole class PATMovie and popcorn partyJoy of learning
Without procedures and routines there is no structure.Without structure, no one knows what to do.
Teaching Procedures:Explain, Rehearse, Reinforce
Explain: state, explain, model and demonstrate the procedure.
Procedure for quieting a class
... Until it is right
Waiting in line procedureFeet togetherArms at sideNo talking
Computer lab procedureWash handsNo more than 2 people at a computerClean the area before you leaveLog out of all programsIf it is the end of the day, close down the computer.
Your procedures will become routines
Procedures = achievement and responsible behaviour
Teach Responsible behaviourClean up handing outBulletin BoardClean upGeneral Chores
Identify the procedures you need for your classroom and teach them as the need presents
Your Room placement of furniture
Make is easier to be in close proximity to studentsX
work the crowd
Make eye contact with those at a distance
Green: Clear to goof off teacher not nearby
Managing stress will enable you to manage the classroom more effectively
What you say non-verbally will have a greater impact than what you say verballyBody language is the language of emotion and intention.
Managing classroom disruptions
A difficult choice?
Discipline or instruction?How big is the disruptionHow important is the assignment?
No means no every time
Being consistentIf you respond based upon your feelings, you can never be consistent.
Managing classroom disruptionsLearn to Relax
Reading students body language
Reading students body language
With good eye contact there is a tension between the teacher and the student that builds with each passing second.
Walk over to the green zoneMove towards the disruptive studentSay their names in a flat tone of voice
Moving OutDo not move away too quickly
CamouflageWork the crowdUse eye contactProtect student from embarrassmentArrive at the disrupters desk and give a knowing look
Apply Rules, consequences and rewardsImplement ProceduresPlan aheadAssignments posted daily
Join AssociationsAttend ConferencesSubscriptionsInternet groupsSet up a personal learning networkLearn from experts around youBe a top professional
Images: lightbulb, Joe ColburnClassroom by Dave_mcmtKids Painting, image by pingu1963School entrance by Dave-mcmtTeacher, by EditorBBlackboard kid, image taken from friendofsnailsHandshake by sudama http://www.flickr.com/photos/35468150609@N01/16557880Chalkboard background to school boy, by winged photographySchool boy, by tomfhainesDesks, by Ben WerdmullerSlide 11, classroom by Liz MarieNotepad image by efektBell work, school door image by Dave_mcmtDiscipline classroom by EditorBRules by faerybootsClassroom rules by szleaRewards image by (classroom) LizMarieShhh by said&doneResponsible behavour, tidy area in classroom by LizMarieCloud question mark by fontplaydotcomSchool building by Dave_mcmtRehearse image by yeowatzupGymnastic image (poutre) by Raoheal GoetterRehearse2 by markwickBallet image by nayrb7
Classroom rules by LindaHParking image by JaakoBroken light bulb image by Kyle MaySlide 25, Well ordered classroom by glassbeednorthClassroom 2, by glassbeednorthSlide 34, Forming a line image, by woodleywonderworksPencil image by arqueraComputer lab, laffy4KPractising routine, image by pingu1963Playing piano by flickrizedClassroom (empty desks) by saibotregeelClock image by tamelynCrowd control (image for fill) by James CridlandTraffic light image by JohnmarchanCalm picture, island, by eindzelOn task, image by pingu1963Mad expression by kevin dooleyDiscipline image by hyperscholarBlind eye, image by DerrekTStudents at desks by hoyasmegExpression, body language by EditorBRelax by *Hini*Student sitting at desk, image by foundphotosliSmiley face image by xtheowlPortrait by flikrGreen light by James CridlandMoving In image, classroom by hoyasmegMoving Out image by peidianlongCamouflage by jmurawski
Jones, F, 2007, Tools for Teaching, Fredric Jones & AssociatesWong, H & R, 2004, The First Days of School, Harry K Wong Publications
Identify what it is that they have observed in the classroom that makes for effective teaching. Any idea?
*A characteristic of successful professionals is that they are efficient and effective. We expect doctors, pilots, electricians and builders to be effective and efficient. Is your classroom effective and efficient? Soon get to know if you classroom is effective and efficientStudents will know if you start on timeThey will know if it is ok to be lateThey will know if nothing happens the first 10 minsThey will know if you say no talking whether it means they can continue or notThey describe teachers as soft or strict
*PE: if someone believes you can do well, you are more likely to. Personal experience. Reform teacher experience: find something to like in every child Get parents on your side: phone call home after easy assign2 most important pple in childs life now have positive expectations
Mastery teaching: input/ouput, see, say do, repeatBreak down in to manageable chunksPraise, prompt, leaveBuddy system
*No wasted time with repeated requests to do thingsTeachers often repeat same thing over and overWhen kids know what to do, they will do itThey want to please, they want to do wellEven kids who seem disruptive are pleased when they are recognised
*Label your room and have welcome signsCelebrate the first dayName on boardSupporting information eg: Seats: if you have open seating kid go anywhere where do naughty ones gravitate to?Those that feel left out will not be left outTroublemakers will not get choice to sit togethername cards for younger students or other - numbersNumber and letter assignedAlphabetically arranged, prep seating chartYou will know their names soonerStudents will not argue about changing seats later (discuss later)Class rules: students know they have to behave, they want to know, post one on the wall, send a copy home
Handout: The First Day of School:
*Every presenter has a script prepared. Let students know about you, have a space in the classroom which has personal information about you. Be enthusiastic Assigning them a seat will ensure you know their names sooner than not. Let them know it will be a very organised structured safe environment and you wont let anyone interfere with their learning. Let them know there will be class rules/guidelines and consequences. Tell them there are other procedures you are going to be teaching them so that everyone can learn well and get on. Their perception will be formed on how you greet them, your well prepared classroom, message on the board, your organisation etc.First couple of weeks spent focusing on behaviour and learning (procedures)
Handout: Your First Day
*The impression given and the behaviour allowed will stick*
Meet them at the door. Tell them you are so happy they are in your class.
*Lead students once greeted to their seats. Simply say, "This is where I want you to sit today. We may shuffle the class tomorrow. Or I may want you to stand here," Students are assigned to seats as per your seating chart.Names can be on desks for primary.Cards with number and seating plan can be shown on overhead for seniors.Explain this seating plan may change.Assists you in learning their names (seating plan)Assists with roll call.You can re-arrange your seating chart with less difficulty than if the students all pick their own seats from day one. Where do the students who want to muck up sit?Allowing critical mass to sit together is asking for trouble.Eager learners will choose the front seats.You need to be able to move kids around without difficulty.
Once led to their seats, tell them you want them to begin the assignment on their desks.
Instruct students to begin the assignment at their desks as soon as they find their seat.You walk in, you sit down and you get to work.
Starting an assignment bell work right away means that students are getting the mindset for learning. It means you can take the roll (seating plan) without wasting valuable lesson time and it means you dont have to argue with students who is absent or not. DONT INVOLVE THE CLASS IN THE ROLL TAKING PROCESS.
Students: You walk in, you sit down in your assigned seat. You lookon the board and there will be your morning assignment or bellwork. Do