Early diagnosis of esl learners' reading levels

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  • 1. RASHIDAH BT RAHAMAT PARILAH BT MOHD SHAH SHARIFAH NOR BT PUTEH ROSSENI BT DIN

2.

  • Ong (1999) : reading book habits have lost its charm
  • The essenceof readingis to understand what is read.
  • However, not many students enjoy reading especially thematerials written in the language which is not their native language.

3.

  • Steinberg (1986) highlights5 principles of reading:-
  • A) involve only meaningful words, phrases, and sentences
  • B) depend on speech understanding
  • C) not depend on teaching new language or concept
  • D) do not depend on teaching writing
  • E) enjoyable

4.

  • a process which involve a lot of sensory, perceptual and linguistic abilities..and takesyears to fully master ( Cats et alandNation 2005)
  • 2 components ofreading :

Decodingprinted words Understanding the message 5. Form continuoushypotheses about the wordsseen ReadingProcesses Visualize thewritten info,Identify meaning of words 6. READERSKnowledge InterestPurposeAbilityMATERIALS No of words Length ofwords Syntax 7.

  • 1) identifythe readinglevels among the secondaryschool students
  • 2) identifytheirattitudes towards reading in English.

8.

  • 1) What are the reading levels among the secondary school students?
  • 2) What arethe studentsvocabulary level based on the diagnostic tests?
  • 3) What are thestudentsgrammatical level based on the diagnostic tests?
  • 4) What are the students attitudes towards reading in general?

9. SamplesInstruments

  • *37 Form Four Students
  • Daily school
  • MixedEnglish language proficiency
  • Convenient sampling
  • Diagnostic Reading Testby KPM (1994) for CRP Program
  • MikuleckyBehavioralReading Attitude Measureby Richardson et al (2006)

10.

  • Data collection :
  • administeredcollaborativelywith the English language teacher in the school
  • Done twice: a) the diagnostic test andb) reading attitude survey
  • Data Analysis: descriptive analysis - percentages

11. LevelsN % Elementary 27 72 Intermediate 10 27 Advance 0 0 12. Range of correct answers N % 0-5 30 81 6-10 7 19 11-15 0 0 16-20 0 0 13. Range of Correct answers N % 0-5 14 38 6-10 15 41 11-15 8 22 16-20 0 0 21-25 0 0 26-30 0 0 31-35 0 0 36-40 0 0 41-45 0 0 46-50 0 0 51-55 0 0 14. Attitudes Levels N % Above Average 15 36 Average14 33 Below Average 1 2 Not Available 7 29 15.

  • Respondents generally havea very limited vocabulary and weakgrammar foundation for Englishlanguage
  • These tend to affectunderstanding
  • Irujo (2005) :
  • problem of ELLin reading is the kind of support given
  • Lack of proficiencydue to external factors which would eventually cure with time and support
  • Teachers shape their approaches and materials
  • Teachers are the key success to their students success in the classroom

16.

  • Diagnosing the students readinglevel shall give a lot of benefits to teachers in planning a suitable instructions and resources that would fit in the students ability
  • It shall help teachers to choose the right channelto make the students be motivated to read and understand reading materialsinthetarget language