M.K. Bhavnagar university department of English Name:- Rathod Neha R. Class:- M.A. sem-2 Roll no:- 33 Email id:- firstname.lastname@example.org Year:- 2016-2017 Paper:- 7 Topic:- Differences:- structuralism & post structuralism
Differences:- structuralism & post structuralism It is a literary theory. It can be related it with text and make study of text. System of recurrent patterns or Motifs. Studied the under lying structure. post structure is a response to structuralism. The rejection of the self- sufficiency of the structure. Closely related to modernism. Argues that study of underlying structure is reason of bias and misinterpretation. Study must be done on base of knowledge.Structuralism :-Post structuralism :-
Two types of differences:-
Differences :- structuralism and post structuralism Theoretical differences Practical differences
Theoretical differences OriginsTone and styleAttitude to LanguageProject by
Derives from linguistics.Observe accurately Collect data systematicallyLogical deduction.Able to find reliable conclusion.Inherits scientific outlook.Believes in system method and reasons.Able to established reliable truth. Post structuralism:-
Derives from philosophy.It is just oral.Sceptical by nature.Usually undercuts.Questions notions and assumption.Inherits habit of scepticism.Fully conscious about the irony and paradox.
Tone and styleStructuralism :-Abstraction and generalization. Derivation from linguistic science.Example: introduction to the structural analysis of narrative by Roland Bather. Tone: TypicalStep by step exposition.Complete with diagrams.Style: Natural and Typical.Scientific writing.Aim: scientific coolness.
Post structuralism:-Much more emotive.Bas on a word play.Puns and allusion.Tone: urgent and euphoric.Style: flamboyant and self consciously showy.Aim: an engaged warmth.
Attitude to language Structuralism :-The linguistic medium.An orderly system.Not choice.Use: to think and to perceive
Post structuralism:-Language are threat.Reality is textual.Not achieving any knowledge through language.Verbal sign.Meaning are fluid.Not fully in control of language.Constantly slippage of subject.Metaphorical base of words Use: to deconstruct a text.
Project byStructuralism :-Question our way of structuring and categorizing reality.Free of habitual modes of perception of categorization More reliable view of thing.
Post structuralism:-Much more fundamental.Human being as an in independent entity.Individual is a products of social and linguistic force.Tissue of textualities.Scepticism as torch.Burn away intellectual ground.Western civilization built on it.
Practical differences:-Structuralism :-parallels / echoesBalancesReflections / RepetitionsSymmetryContrastsPatternsEffect: to show textual unity and coherence
Post structuralism:-Contradictions/ paradoxShifts/ Breaks in: Tone, viewpoint, Tense, Person, AttitudeConflictsAbsences/ omissionsLinguistic quirks AporiaEffect: to show textual disunity