Differences Structuralism and post Structuralism

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M.K. Bhavnagar university department of English Name:- Rathod Neha R. Class:- M.A. sem-2 Roll no:- 33 Email id:- neharathod108@gmail.com Year:- 2016-2017 Paper:- 7 Topic:- Differences:- structuralism & post structuralism

Differences:- structuralism & post structuralism It is a literary theory. It can be related it with text and make study of text. System of recurrent patterns or Motifs. Studied the under lying structure. post structure is a response to structuralism. The rejection of the self- sufficiency of the structure. Closely related to modernism. Argues that study of underlying structure is reason of bias and misinterpretation. Study must be done on base of knowledge.Structuralism :-Post structuralism :-

Two types of differences:-

Differences :- structuralism and post structuralism Theoretical differences Practical differences

Theoretical differences OriginsTone and styleAttitude to LanguageProject by

originStructuralism :-

Derives from linguistics.Observe accurately Collect data systematicallyLogical deduction.Able to find reliable conclusion.Inherits scientific outlook.Believes in system method and reasons.Able to established reliable truth. Post structuralism:-

Derives from philosophy.It is just oral.Sceptical by nature.Usually undercuts.Questions notions and assumption.Inherits habit of scepticism.Fully conscious about the irony and paradox.

Tone and styleStructuralism :-Abstraction and generalization. Derivation from linguistic science.Example: introduction to the structural analysis of narrative by Roland Bather. Tone: TypicalStep by step exposition.Complete with diagrams.Style: Natural and Typical.Scientific writing.Aim: scientific coolness.

Post structuralism:-Much more emotive.Bas on a word play.Puns and allusion.Tone: urgent and euphoric.Style: flamboyant and self consciously showy.Aim: an engaged warmth.

Attitude to language Structuralism :-The linguistic medium.An orderly system.Not choice.Use: to think and to perceive

Post structuralism:-Language are threat.Reality is textual.Not achieving any knowledge through language.Verbal sign.Meaning are fluid.Not fully in control of language.Constantly slippage of subject.Metaphorical base of words Use: to deconstruct a text.

Project byStructuralism :-Question our way of structuring and categorizing reality.Free of habitual modes of perception of categorization More reliable view of thing.

Post structuralism:-Much more fundamental.Human being as an in independent entity.Individual is a products of social and linguistic force.Tissue of textualities.Scepticism as torch.Burn away intellectual ground.Western civilization built on it.

Practical differences:-Structuralism :-parallels / echoesBalancesReflections / RepetitionsSymmetryContrastsPatternsEffect: to show textual unity and coherence

Post structuralism:-Contradictions/ paradoxShifts/ Breaks in: Tone, viewpoint, Tense, Person, AttitudeConflictsAbsences/ omissionsLinguistic quirks AporiaEffect: to show textual disunity

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