Why is this important.The ability to diagram sentences demonstrates knowledge of sentence parts.By identifying sentences, you can examine whether each sentence you write is complete.By analyzing sentence structure, you can create more diverse and dynamic sentences in your writing.
Simple SentencesEvery sentence is composed of at least 1 subject and 1 predicate.A subject is who or what is doing the action.A predicate is what action is taking place.ExampleShe sangShe= Subjectsang= predicate
Simple Sentences.Subject Predicate
She sangHe laughedThey workedLOOK! (you) Look
ArticlesArticles are the words the and a or anThey go on a slanted line under the word they modify
Your turn!We walkedThey talked.The boy ate.Stop.
Compound sentencesSometimes a sentence can have two subjects or predicates.Example. Jon and Alex talked and shopped.
Johntalked Alex shopped
and Men laugh women cryDogscatsplaymeet
Your turn1) Maurice and Mandy harmonize.2) Observers watch and wait.3) Diet and exercise tones and trims.4) Either dancers or singers amaze and entertain.
Adjectives and AdverbsAdjectives describe nounsThe pink poodle
Adverbs describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbsWe quickly ate.She is very beautiful.We speak more frequently.
Adjectives and adverbs
senators speakTheolderfrequentlygirl isTheyoungverycutecampers wereThetiredhappybut
Your turnAlessandra is quietly waitingMy best friend always skates well.The talented dancers will perform tonight.
Direct or Indirect ObjectsDirect objects answer the questions what or whom after a verb. Experts have given advice.Indirect objects answer the questions to what or to whom after a verb. Tom sent me a letter.
Experts have given adviceExperts have given adviceIndirect object
Your turn.That incident taught me a lesson.Tell us your first name.The baby cries and throws his food.
Predicate Adjectives and nounsPredicate adjectives follow a linking verb and describe the subjectThe doctor is careful.
Predicate nouns follow the linking verb and mean the same thing as the subjectDr. Kunkle is a surgeon.
Predicate nouns and adjectives
doctor is carefulTheDr. Kunkle is surgeona
Your turn.My best friend is Chiang.Jani seems quite impatientEveryone calls Guadalupe Lupe
Prepositional PhrasesA prepositional is a word that shows relationships with another noun in sentenceAbove, across, beside, to, etc.A prepositional phrase is a group of word that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun.We went with the boys.We went to the game.
We went to the game.We wentto
The senators address people through television advertisements.
Senators address peoplethethroughadvertisementstelevision
Your turnDarla planted daffodils along the walkway.Seven candles on the table provided a bright glow.Our leaders sent messages of sympathy to the French.
GerundsGerunds are verbs, usually ending in ing, that are used as a noun.
Example. Running is his favorite sport.
Gerunds working as subject
Gerunds working as objects
Running is his favorite sport
Your TurnTim loves jogging.Baking and cooking are his expertise.Thinking helps Jon relax.
InfinitivesTo sneeze, to smash, to cry, to shriek, to jump, to dunk, to read, to eat, to slurpall of these are infinitives. An infinitive will almost always begin with to followed by the simple form of the verb, like this:to + verb = infinitive
To know him is to love him.Infinitives as nouns.
Infinitives as adjectives and adverbs are diagrammed like prepositionsHis decision to leave early was unfortunate.
Your turnWe love to go shoppingTo vote is to express your opinion.We go to the market to get food.
Participles and Participial PhrasesA participle is a verb form that can function as an adjective.Example: Bedraggled, the quarterback rose to his feet.A participial phrases contains a participle plus any complements and modifiers.Barking loudly, the dog approached.I saw many ducks swimming in the lake.
Bedraggled, the quarterback rose to his feet.
Barking loudly, the dog approacheddog approachedtheloudlyBarking
Your turnFlabbergasted, he refused to believe the result.Overwhelmed, she slouched to the floor.
Adjective clausesAn adjective clause modifies a noun. It gives us more detail about that noun.Often times, adjective clauses start with words like who, that, which.
The carpenter whom you hired fixed the shelves.The carpenter whom you hired fixed the shelves that were uneven.
The carpenter whom you hired fixed the shelves that were uneven.
Carpenter fixed shelves you hired whomthat were unevenThethe
Your turn!The student who lent you her pen had left for the day.Marla, who is a new student, made friends easily.
Adverb clauseAn adverb clause modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb.It tells when, where, why, or how.
Before I took the test, I studied for hours.I was happy because I passed the test.
I was happy because I passed the test.
I was happyI passed testthebecause
Your turn!Until the customers return, you may sit here.Kelly may have the posters unless Louis wants them.
Compound SentencesA compound sentence is two or more simple sentences joined by either a coma and a conjunction, or by a semicolon.
To vote, you must register in advance, and you need to bring a current identification card.
To vote, you must register in advance, and you must bring a drivers license.
You must registertovoteinadvanceandYou must bring licenseadrivers
We went skiing and we went snowboarding.
We laughed and we cried.