Dams and Hydropower Projects of Pakistan

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DAMS & HYDROPOWER PROJECTS OF PAKISTANPRESENTERS

Rizwan Sarwar Awan (2013-MS-GS-2) Abdus Salaam (2013-MS-GS-5)

University of Engineering & Technology LahorePrepared 2015

DamPurpose Of DamsHydro Power Potential Of PakistanOperational ProjectsUnder Construction ProjectsFuture ProjectsSummaryConclusion

OUTLINE

DAMDam is a solid barrier constructed at a suitable location across a river valley to store flowing water.

HydropowerIrrigationWater for domestic consumptionDrought and flood controlFor navigational facilitiesOther additional utilization is to develop fisheries PURPOSE OF DAMS

OPERATIONAL PROJECTSGomal Zam Dam Project Mirani Dam ProjectDuber Khwar Hydropower ProjectAllai Khwar Hydropower PlantKhan Khawr Hydropower ProjectRaising Of Mangla Dam ProjectSabakzai Dam Project Tarbela DamGhazi-barotha Hydropower ProjectSatpara Dam Project

GOMAL ZAM DAM PROJECT Official nameGomal Zam DamLocationKhjori Kach,South Waziristan Agency,Federally Administered Tribal Areas,PakistanCoordinates320555N695253EPurposeIrrigation, power, flood controlStatusOperationalConstructionbegan2001OpeningdateApril 2011Owner(s)Government of PakistanCost15 billion RupeesOperator(s)Water and Power Development Authority(WAPDA)Dam and spillwaysTypeofdamCurved gravity,roller-compacted concreteImpoundsGomal RiverHeight437ft (133m)Length758ft (231m)Totalcapacity1,140,000 acre feet (1.41km3)Activecapacity890,000 acre feet (1.10km3)Inactivecapacity12 September 2013Turbines 2 x 8.7MW17.4 MW (max.planned)

MIRANI DAM PROJECT

Official nameMirani DamLocationKech District,Balochistan,PakistanCoordinates255628N624135EStatusIn useConstructionbegan8 July 2002OpeningdateOctober 2006Owner(s)Government of PakistanOperator(s)Water and Power Development Authority(WAPDA)Dam and spillwaysTypeofdamConcrete-faced rock-filledImpoundsDasht RiverHeight127ft (39m).Length3,350ft (1,020m).Width(base)35ft (11m).PurposeIrrigation PurposeDrinking water fortowns of Turbat and GwadarReservoirMirani Reservoir (302,000acreft (373,000,000m3).)

Official nameDuber Khwar Hydropower PlantLocationPattan,Kohistan,KPK,PakistanCoordinates3579.82N0725538.51EStatusOperationalConstructionbeganJune 2003OpeningdateJune 2013Owner(s)Water and Power Development Authority(WAPDA)Dam and spillwaysTypeofdamGravity,roller-compacted concreteImpoundsDuber Khwar RiverHeight40.5m (133ft)Length202m (663ft)Power stationNameDuber Khwar Hydroelectric PlantCoordinates35617.98N725939.02EOperator(s)WAPDACommissiondateJanuary 2014Turbines2 x 65 MWInstalledcapacity130 MWAnnualgeneration595GWh

DUBER KHWAR HYDROPOWER PROJECT

Official nameAllai Khwar Hydropower PlantLocationBesham,Shangla,PakistanCoordinates345130.85N0730115.58EStatusOperationalConstructionbeganJanuary 2005

Openingdatecompleted on 4 March 2013Owner(s)Water and Power Development Authority(WAPDA)Dam and spillwaysTypeofdamRCCImpoundsAllai Khwar RiverHeight51m (167ft)Length88m (289ft)Power stationCommissiondate2012Hydraulic head687m (2,254ft)Turbines2 x 60.5 MWInstalledcapacity121 MWAnnualgeneration463 million units (GWh)

ALLAI KHWAR HYDROPOWER PLANT

Official nameKhan Khwar Hydropower PlantLocationBesham,Shangla,PakistanCoordinates345419.21N0724841.55EStatusOperationalConstructionbeganApril 2003 (completed in April 2012)Openingdate14 July 2012Owner(s)Water and Power Development Authority(WAPDA)Dam and spillwaysTypeofdamRCC(Reinforced concrete cement)ImpoundsKhan Khwar RiverHeight46m (151ft)Length112m (367ft)Power stationTurbines2 x 34MW Installedcapacity72MW (97,000hp)Annualgeneration595 million units (GWh)

KHAN KHAWR HYDROPOWER PROJECT

RAISING OF MANGLA DAM PROJECT

CountryPakistanLocationMangla,Azad KashmirCoordinates33.142083N 73.645015EStatusOperationalPurposeIrrigation PurposePower GenrationConstructionbegan1961Openingdate1967Dam and spillwaysTypeofdamEmbankment damImpoundsJhelum RiverHeight147m (482ft)Length3,140m (10,302ft)ReservoirCreatesMangla LakeTotalcapacity9.12km3(7,390,000acreft)Surfacearea97sqmi (251km2)CostUS$1.473 billionWorld Bankand theAsian Development BankPower stationTurbines10 x 100MWInstalledcapacity1,000MW1,500MW[1](max.planned)

12

A VIEW OF TURBINE OUTFLOW STREAMS AT MANGLA POWER HOUSE

SABAKZAI DAM PROJECT LocationZhob, BalochistanCoordinates305650.71N0692122.62EStatusOperationalPurposeIrrigationDrinking waterFlood mitigationConstructionbegan2004Openingdate31-12-2007 ConstructioncostPKR 1960.823 millionOwner(s)Government of BalochistanDam and spillwaysTypeofdamEarth & Rock fillHeight34.75m (114.0ft)Length395m (1,296ft)Totalcapacity40,335,000m3(32,700acreft)

Official nameTarbela DamLocationTarbela,PakistanConstructionbegan1968Openingdate1976ConstructioncostUSD1,497 Million[1]Dam and spillwaysImpoundsIndus RiverHeight143.26 metres (470ft) from river levelLength2,743.2 metres (9,000ft)ReservoirCreatesTarbela reservoirTotalcapacity13.69 cubic kilometres (3.28cumi)Catchmentarea168,000 km2Surfacearea250 km2Power stationTurbines10 x 175 MW, 4 x 432 MWInstalledcapacity3478 MW

TARBELA DAM

Official nameGhazi-Barotha Hydropower ProjectLocationIndus,PakistanCoordinates334648N721535EConstructionbegan(approved 1996)Openingdate2002ConstructioncostUS$2.3 billionDam and spillwaysTypeofdamRun-of-the-riverImpoundsIndus RiverPower stationTurbines5 290MWInstalledcapacity1,450MWAnnualgeneration7.037 billion units (7037 million GWh)

GHAZI-BAROTHA HYDROPOWER PROJECT

SATPARA DAM PROJECT

Satpara Dam.Official nameSatpara DamLocationSkardu,Gilgit-Baltistan,PakistanStatusOperationalConstructionbeganApril 2009OpeningdateNovember 2011Owner(s)Water and Power Development Authority(WAPDA)Operator(s)Water and Power Development Authority(WAPDA)PurposeIrrigationPower GenrationDrinking WaterPower Genration17.36 MWTypeofdamConcrete-faced earth-filledImpoundsSatpara StreamHeight128ft (39m)Length560ft (170m)ReservoirCreatesSatpara Lake

Dasu Hydropower ProjectNeelum Jhelum Hydropower ProjectGolen Gol Hydropower Project

UNDER CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS

DASU HYDROPOWER PROJECTLocationDasu,Khyber Pakhtunkhwa ProvinceCoordinates351902.16N731135.78EPurposePowerStatusUnder constructionOpeningdateMarch 2019 (est.)ConstructioncostUS$4.278 billionOwner(s)Water and Power Development Authority(WAPDA)Dam and spillwaysTypeofdamGravity,roller-compacted concreteImpoundsIndus RiverHeight242m (794ft)Length570m (1,870ft)Totalcapacity14,100,000,000m3(11,400,000acreft)Power stationNameDasu Hydropower PlantCoordinates351747.03N731244.59ECommissiondate2019 (est.)Hydraulic head171.59m (563.0ft) (design)TurbinesStage I: 6 x 360MWFrancis-typeStage II: 6 x 360MWFrancis-typeInstalledcapacity4,320 MW

NEELUM JEHLUM HYDRO POWER PROJECTLocationMuzaffarabadCoordinates342334N734308EStatusUnder constructionConstructionbegan2008Openingdate2016 est.ConstructioncostRs.274.9 Billion ($2.89 billionUSD)Owner(s)Water and Power Development AuthorityDam and spillwaysTypeofdamConcrete gravityImpoundsNeelum RiverHeight47m (154ft)Length125m (410ft)Damvolume156,000m3(204,040cuyd)[1]Totalcapacity8,000,000m3(6,486acreft)Power stationNameNeelum-Jhelum Hydropower PlantCoordinates341154N733041EHydraulic head420m (1,378ft)Turbines4 x 242MWFrancis-typeInstalledcapacity969 MWAnnualgeneration5,150 GWh

Official nameGolen Gol Hydropower PlantLocationOn the boundary of Chitral DistrictofKPK andMuzaffarabadcity ofAJK,PakistanCoordinates355516.17N0720051.64EStatusUnder constructionConstructionbeganJanuary 2011OpeningdateExpected August 2015Owner(s)Water and Power Development Authority(WAPDA)Dam and spillwaysTypeofdamGravity,roller-compacted concreteImpoundsGolen Gol RiverHeight12m (39ft)Length60m (200ft)Power stationNameGolen Gol Hydroelectric PlantCoordinates36655N73550EOperator(s)WAPDACommissiondateExpected August 2015Turbines3 x 35.3 MWPelton-typeInstalledcapacity106 MWAnnualgeneration436 GWh

GOLEN GOL HYDROPOWER PROJECT

Diamer Basha DamMunda Dam ProjectAkhori Dam ProjectKalabagh DamBunji Hydro Power ProjectFUTURE PROJECTS

LocationGilgit-BaltistanCoordinates353230.64N733625.98EStatusPreliminary constructionConstructionbegan18 October 2011Openingdate2020 (est.)Constructioncost$14 billion (2013 est.)Owner(s)WAPDADam and spillwaysTypeofdamGravity,roller-compacted concreteImpoundsIndus RiverHeight272m (892ft)Totalcapacity10,000,000,000m3(8,107,132acreft)Activecapacity7,900,000,000m3(6,404,634acreft)Power stationTurbines12 x 375MWInstalledcapacity4,500 MWAnnualgeneration19,028GWh(est.)Websitehttp://www.diamerbhasha.com/

DIAMER BASHA DAM

MUNDA DAM PROJECT

Official nameMunda DamLocationMohmand Agency, Federally Administered Tribal Areas,PakistanCoordinates342111.49N0713158.72EStatusProposedConstructioncostUS$ 1.401 Billion (2010 estimate)Owner(s)Government of PakistanOperator(s)Water and Power Development Authority(WAPDA)Dam and spillwaysTypeofdamConcrete-faced rock-filledImpoundsSwat RiverHeight698.82ft (213.00m)Length2,500ft (760m)ReservoirCreatesMunda ReservoirPower stationInstalledcapacity740 MWAnnualgeneration2407GWh

AKHORI DAMAkhori Dam Official nameAkhori Dam (proposed)LocationAcross Nandna kas near Akhori village about 28 KM east ofAttock PunjabConstructionbeganStudy Completeobjectives(i) Storage of water for: a. Supplementing Indus Basin Irrigation System and(ii) Power GenerationConstructioncost$1.6 Billion Est.Operator(s)WapdaDam and spillwaysImpoundsHaro RiverHeight122 meters (400 Ft)Length5.16 Km (3.23 Miles)ReservoirCreatesAkhori reservoirTotalcapacity8.6 billion cubic meters (seven million acres feet)Power stationInstalledcapacity600 MW (proposed)WebsiteAKHORI DAM

CountryPakistanLocationKalabagh,Mianwali DistrictCoordinates325723N0713649EStatusProposedDam and spillwaysTypeofdamEarthfill dam(zoned fill embankment with cla