Critical Thinking

  • View
    6

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

free education

Text of Critical Thinking

  • 1.

2. CRITICALTHINKING 3.

  • As Teachers,we are asked to be critical and creative because these are vital parts of learning.
  • However, critical andcreative thinking wasrarely taughtto uswhile in training

4. Do you know that

  • Albert Einsteinwas 4 years old before he could speak and 7 before he could read?
  • Beethovensmusic teacher once told him, As a composer, you are hopeless?
  • Winston Churchillfailed in the 6 thgrade?
  • Isaac Newtondid poorly in grade school?
  • Thomas Edisonsteacher told him that he was too stupid to learn anything?

5.

  • Do you recognize these people?
  • Do you consider them famous for their critical and creative thinking skills?
  • They seemed to have problems when they were in school.
  • Perhaps their being criticaland creative thinkersgot them into trouble.
  • It is possible that theirteachers imposed so manyunnecessary restrictionson their natural behaviorthat hampered critical thinking.

6.

  • Some rules of order and conformity in the classroom oftenstiflethe critical thinking ofyoungpeople.
  • As teachers, we mustperceive all learnersas potentially criticaland creative thinkers.

7. What is THINKING SKILL?

  • Thinking isbeyond the level of repeating or memorizinginformation. Thinking is processing experiences by editing or rearranging them(Matthew Lipman)
  • Thinking isbringing intellectual faculties into play . It requires one to ponder, reflect or weigh a matter mentally(Websters Dictionary)
  • Thinking is acomplex actcomprising knowledge, attitudes and skills that allow the individual to shape his/her environment more effectively than intuition alone(Orlich)

8. There are really many views on thinking. For you, who are looking for ways to motivate students to think

  • Thinking is the act of withholdingjudgment in order to use

new information, concepts or conclusions. experience knowledge 9.

  • Make lesson plans that include thinking skills.
  • Ask thought-provoking questions such as How do you know? Why?
  • Call on students to tell what they understand.
  • Connect each lesson to students experiences.
  • Ask students to summarize the lesson creatively.

10. What is Critical Thinking?

  • It is the art of taking charge of the power of your own mind.
  • It is about living and learning what empowers you and your students In practical ways.
  • It is thinking beyond basic recall of information.
  • It involves asking questions to establish ideas, create new ideas, solve problems and make decisions.
  • Assists in the transformation of information into something that can be used to anticipate the future.
  • It requires choices and responsibility.

11. Asking question is the heart of critical thinking.

  • Questioning to develop critical thinking requires students to;
    • Raise issues;
    • Discover ideas and things;
    • Pursue problematic areas;
    • Seek clarity and relevance of ideas; and
    • Find evidence and make conclusions.

12. An individual who thinks critically

  • Is open minded;
  • Studies the whole situation;
  • Looks for varied choices;
  • Uses credible sources;
  • Takes a position and justifies it; and
  • Is sensitive to the feelings of others.

13. What is the difference betweencritical thinkingandordinary thinking ?

  • Believing
  • Assuming
  • Preferring
  • Evaluating
  • Associating concepts
  • Formulating principles
  • Hypothesizing
  • Offering opinions
  • Offering opinions with reasons
  • Making judgments
  • Making judgment with criteria
  • Supposing

14. PRACTICAL APPROACH TO CRITICAL THINKING 15. How can critical thinking be taught?

  • Recallis the simplest action. You recall facts, describe objects and events or put them into sequence.
  • Noting similaritiesis the action to compare the likeness of situations, ideas, people, etc.
  • Noting differencesis the action to examine what is different about ideas, events or objects by contrasting them.
  • Identifying cause and effectis the action to analyze the reasons, consequences or make predictions.

16. How can critical thinking be taught?

  • Forming generalizationsis the action of grouping facts or events into patterns.
  • Substantiationis the action that moves from general to specific.
  • Evaluationis the action that judges things or events. Based on the facts gathered, you determine the value of an idea or concept.

17. Example Modules: CLASSIFICATION IDENTIFYING PATTERNS / RELATIONSHIPS REPRESENTING RELATED CONCEPTS 18. CLASSIFICATION 19. DISCRETEclassification: YELLOW RED BLUE COLOR 20. OVERLAPPINGclassification: BIG RED CIRCLE 21. HIERARCHY SMALL CIRCLE YELLOW 22. HOW MANY BEADS ARE THERE INSIDE THE BOX? 12 23. IDENTIFYING PATTERN/RELATIONSHIPS 1 5 10 24. COUNT THE SQUARES! 204 25. REPRESENTING RELATED CONCEPTS

  • NETWORK TREE

26. REPRESENTING RELATED CONCEPTS

  • CYCLE

27. REPRESENTING RELATED CONCEPTS

  • COMPARISON

28.

  • TIMELINE

REPRESENTING RELATED CONCEPTS 29.

  • PROBLEM-SOLUTION-EFFECTS

REPRESENTING RELATED CONCEPTS 30. REPRESENTING RELATED CONCEPTS

  • SPIDER WEB

31. REPRESENTING RELATED CONCEPTS

  • MATRIX OR GRID

32. Here are some guidelines for teaching critical thinking:

  • Ask students to explain and clarify terms in their own words.
  • Ask thought-provoking questions such as Why? How? What makesyou think so? How do theycompare? Which would bemore useful?

33. Here are some guidelines for teaching critical thinking:

  • Make judgments based on credible sources, such as, experts, agreement between sources, reputable individuals, etc.
  • Solve problems to make conclusions.
  • Use variety of teaching strategies topromote critical thinking skill suchas problem solving and decisionmaking.
  • Encourage group problem solvingand decision making. Your studentswill enjoy learning together.

34. What are the values of teaching critical thinking?

  • 1.the more the students use it, the better critical thinkers they become.

2. The more quality questions they ask, the better critical thinkers they become.3. When students ask questions, there is interactionof new information with what they already know sonew knowledge is created. 4 .This newly created knowledge helps them become more effective persons and hopefully assists them in realizing their life goals. 35.