CPR Guidelines

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CPR Guidelines

CPR GuidelinesMr. Corbin

OverviewCPR (cardiopulmonary respiration) for:AdultsChildrenInfants

Adult CPRGuidelines from the American Heart Association (AHA)

Before Adult CPRStep 1: Check the scene and victimIf victim is conscious, ask them Are you OK?Step 2: Call 911If more than 1 person present, send someone to find AED and call 911, while one person starts giving aid.

Before Adult CPRStep 3: Open the airwayWith victim on back, tilt head slightly to back lift chin.

Step 4: If victim is not breathing begin CPR

Adult CPRStart with compressionsRate should be between 100-120 compressions a minuteCompression Depth: at least 2 inchesCompression/ Ventilation Ratio30:2Give thirty compressions then two breathsAllow for full recoil after each compression (Do NOT lean on victim)

Child CPRGuidelines from the American Heart Association (AHA)

Child CPRIf only 1 rescuer: begin CPR immediately. Do NOT wait and call 911 first.Immediate CPR on children leads to a 70% higher survival rate.Give compressions for 2 minutes then call 911.If multiple rescuers: one person should call 911.Someone should also look for AED.

Child CPROpen AirwayStart with compressionsRate should be between 100-120 compressions a minuteCompression Depth: ~ 2 inchesCompression/ Ventilation Ratio30:2 (15:2 if 2 or more responders)Give thirty compressions then two breaths (or 15 then two breaths)Allow for full recoil after each compression (Do NOT lean on victim)

Infant CPRGuidelines from the American Heart Association (AHA)

Infant CPRIf only 1 rescuer: begin CPR immediately. Do NOT wait and call 911 first.Immediate CPR on children leads to a 70% higher survival rate.Give compressions for 2 minutes then call 911.If multiple rescuers: one person should call 911.

Infant CPRCompression Placement:1 rescuer: 2 fingers in the center of the chest, just below the nipple line 2 or more rescuers: 2 thumbencircling hands in the center of the chest, just below the nipple line

Two-Thumb encircling hands technique

Infant CPROpen AirwayStart with compressionsRate should be between 100-120 compressions a minuteCompression Depth: 1 inchesCompression/ Ventilation Ratio30:2 (15:2 if 2 or more responders)Give thirty compressions then two breaths (or 15 then two breaths)Allow for full recoil after each compression (Do NOT lean on victim)

General RulesDo NOT continue CPR if scene is unsafe for rescuer or victim

It is unsafe to continue CPR if you are exhaustedExhausted rescuers tend to lean on victims more, restricting proper airflow.