Constructivist theory of learning

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  • 1. CONSTRUCTIVIST THEORY OF LEARNING
    Pact

2. WHAT IS THE CONSTRUCTIVIST LEARNING THEORY?
Constructivist learning theory is a collection of sub theories which support the concept that Learners are not a blank slate or tabula rasa, as stated in previous theories. Learners are active participants who construct learning by building on previous experiences and knowledge. Each learner will construct learning according to individual experiences, previous knowledge and stage of cognitive development.
3. Jean Piaget
PRIMARY THEORIES

  • Cognitive Learning Theory

4. Sensorimotor Stage (birth-2) senses, actions 5. Preoperational stage (age 2-7) Symbols, language, play 6. Concrete operational (age 7-12) Classification, Reason 7. Formal operational(12-Adult) 8. Comparative Reasoning, Deductive Reasoning, Abstract Thinking Swiss Psychologist
1896-1980
The principle goal of education is to create men who are capable of doing new things, not simply of repeating what other generations have done-men who are creative, inventive and discovers
9. What is the students role?
Student will acquire knowledge through:
Supervised projects
Independent study and research
Interactive play
Problem solving
Group participation
10. Lev Vygotsky
Primary Theories

  • Zone of Proximal Development

11. The area where a student can perform with assistance but not independently. 12. Social DevelopmentGestures
Language
Social interaction

  • Collaborative Learning

Working with advanced students
and adults facilitates learning
Russian EducationalPsychologist
1896-1934
"Learning is more than the acquisition of the ability to think; it is the acquisition of many specialised abilities for thinking about a variety of things." - Lev Vygotsky, Mind in Society, 1978
13. ZONE OF PROXIMAL DEVELOPMENT
UNDEVEL
ZDZDP
UNREACHED
INDEPENDENCE
ZPD
14. What is the teachers role?
Facilitate independent learning by:
Progressive lessons
Age appropriate activities
Manipulatives
Incorporate technology
Address the whole child
15. John Dewey
Primary theories
Progressive education
holistic
social
mental
physical
Pragmatism
Theory is only true if it works
valuable only if applicable
American Educational Psychologist
1859-1952
Education is a social process.Education is growth. Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself.
16. Jerome Bruner
PRIMARY THEORIES

  • Cognition

17. Socratic Method 18. Discussion 19. Debate 20. Analysis 21. Spiral Curriculum 22. Knowledge builds on experienceAmerican Psychologist and Teacher
1915-
The shrewd guess, the fertile hypothesis, the courageous leap to a
tentative conclusion these are the most valuable coins of the thinker
at work. But in most schools guessingis heavily penalized and is
associated somehow with laziness.
23. Constructivist Theory in my classroom
My most comfortable teaching style is that of Facilitator. This is highly compatible with Constructivist Theory. I will plan to use many in class projects, demonstrations, and activities in my classroom. Progressive and spiral lesson plans will frequently be used to encourage students toward knowledge.
24. CITATIONS
http://www.piaget.org/aboutPiaget.html
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~hevern/narpsych/nr-theorists/bruner_jerome_s.html
http://www.infed.org/thinkers/bruner.htm
http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesmz/p/vygotsky.htm
http://www.learning-theories.com/vygotskys-social-learning-theory.html
http://www.notablebiographies.com/De-Du/Dewey-John.html
http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/j/johndewey154052.html
http://www.flickr.com/photos/32604684@N08/3361059606/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/ebolasmallpox/1066368855/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/brizzlebornandbred/4019608516/
Cashman, Shelly. Teachers Discovering Computers Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. Boston: Course Technology, 2010