Constructivist theory of learning

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<ul><li> 1. CONSTRUCTIVIST THEORY OF LEARNING<br />Pact<br /></li></ul> <p> 2. WHAT IS THE CONSTRUCTIVIST LEARNING THEORY?<br />Constructivist learning theory is a collection of sub theories which support the concept that Learners are not a blank slate or tabula rasa, as stated in previous theories. Learners are active participants who construct learning by building on previous experiences and knowledge. Each learner will construct learning according to individual experiences, previous knowledge and stage of cognitive development.<br /> 3. Jean Piaget<br />PRIMARY THEORIES<br /></p> <ul><li>Cognitive Learning Theory </li></ul> <p> 4. Sensorimotor Stage (birth-2) senses, actions 5. Preoperational stage (age 2-7) Symbols, language, play 6. Concrete operational (age 7-12) Classification, Reason 7. Formal operational(12-Adult) 8. Comparative Reasoning, Deductive Reasoning, Abstract Thinking Swiss Psychologist<br />1896-1980<br />The principle goal of education is to create men who are capable of doing new things, not simply of repeating what other generations have done-men who are creative, inventive and discovers <br /> 9. What is the students role?<br />Student will acquire knowledge through:<br />Supervised projects<br />Independent study and research<br />Interactive play<br />Problem solving<br />Group participation<br /> 10. Lev Vygotsky<br />Primary Theories<br /></p> <ul><li>Zone of Proximal Development </li></ul> <p> 11. The area where a student can perform with assistance but not independently. 12. Social DevelopmentGestures<br />Language<br />Social interaction<br /></p> <ul><li>Collaborative Learning</li></ul> <p>Working with advanced students<br /> and adults facilitates learning<br />Russian EducationalPsychologist<br />1896-1934<br />"Learning is more than the acquisition of the ability to think; it is the acquisition of many specialised abilities for thinking about a variety of things." - Lev Vygotsky, Mind in Society, 1978<br /> 13. ZONE OF PROXIMAL DEVELOPMENT<br />UNDEVEL<br />ZDZDP<br />UNREACHED<br />INDEPENDENCE <br />ZPD<br /> 14. What is the teachers role?<br />Facilitate independent learning by:<br />Progressive lessons<br />Age appropriate activities<br />Manipulatives<br />Incorporate technology<br />Address the whole child<br /> 15. John Dewey<br />Primary theories<br />Progressive education<br />holistic<br />social<br />mental<br />physical<br />Pragmatism<br />Theory is only true if it works<br />valuable only if applicable<br />American Educational Psychologist<br /> 1859-1952<br />Education is a social process.Education is growth. Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself.<br /> 16. Jerome Bruner<br />PRIMARY THEORIES<br /></p> <ul><li>Cognition </li></ul> <p> 17. Socratic Method 18. Discussion 19. Debate 20. Analysis 21. Spiral Curriculum 22. Knowledge builds on experienceAmerican Psychologist and Teacher<br /> 1915-<br />The shrewd guess, the fertile hypothesis, the courageous leap to a <br />tentative conclusion these are the most valuable coins of the thinker <br />at work. But in most schools guessingis heavily penalized and is <br />associated somehow with laziness. <br /> 23. Constructivist Theory in my classroom<br />My most comfortable teaching style is that of Facilitator. This is highly compatible with Constructivist Theory. I will plan to use many in class projects, demonstrations, and activities in my classroom. Progressive and spiral lesson plans will frequently be used to encourage students toward knowledge.<br /> 24. CITATIONS<br />http://www.piaget.org/aboutPiaget.html<br />http://web.lemoyne.edu/~hevern/narpsych/nr-theorists/bruner_jerome_s.html<br />http://www.infed.org/thinkers/bruner.htm<br />http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesmz/p/vygotsky.htm<br />http://www.learning-theories.com/vygotskys-social-learning-theory.html<br />http://www.notablebiographies.com/De-Du/Dewey-John.html<br />http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/j/johndewey154052.html<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/32604684@N08/3361059606/<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/ebolasmallpox/1066368855/<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/brizzlebornandbred/4019608516/<br />Cashman, Shelly. Teachers Discovering Computers Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. Boston: Course Technology, 2010<br /></p>

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