Constructivism in FL teaching

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Constructivism

Piaget, Bruner, Vygotsky

Task-based Language Teaching

Instructivism vs Constructivism

Piaget

Abstract learning, constructionism

Vygotsky: Zone of proximal development

Bruner: scaffolding

Scaffolding in language learning

Task-based language teaching

A task is an activity where the target language is used by the learner for a communicative purpose (goal) in order to achieve an outcome. (Jane Willis, 1996:23)

R Ellis

A task has several features as follows:

1. A task is a work plan (a plan for learner activity).

2. A task involves a primary focus on meaning.

3. A task involves real-world processes of language use.

4. A task can involve any of the four language skills.

5. A task engages cognitive processes such as selecting, classifying, ordering, and evaluating information in order to carry out the task.

6. A task has a clear defined communicative outcome.

Skehan (1998)

1. Meaning is primary

2. Learners are not given other peoples meaning to regurgitate

3. There is some sort of relationship to comparable real-world activities

4. Task completion has some priority

5. The assessment of the task is in terms of outcome

In what sense is task-based language teaching a constructivist approach to teaching foreign languages?