Computer assisted language learning

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ICT Assignment


1. Deny Iskandar, M. Natsir Amir Siswanto, Zulfan, Ides ENGLISH DEPARTMENT UHAMKAUHAMKA GROUP II 1 2. The development of technology has emerged manycomputer applications to help learning process,which is known as CAL the purpose of CAL is to make a good use ofcomputer as a medium for the sake of facilitatingpeople in learning process. Compare to books and any other commonequipment; whiteboard and chalk, computer is moreinteractive and more flexible. Computer would never tire it self to give a repetitiveexplanation to students. 3. The development of information technology as wellas computer technology has stimulated people whowork in the field of education. Their interest to use computer as means ofdeveloping teaching and learning has progressivelydeveloped the process known as CAI/CBI or CAL. 4. Pros and Cons 5. Means CAL which isimplemented to language. 6. a.Advantages Many educators indicate that current computer technology has many advantages for second language learning . The Following are the davantage as stated by many experts.Interest and motivation Classical language teaching in classroom can be monotonous, boring, and even frustrating, and students can loose interest and motivation in Learning . CALL Programm also provide student ways to learn English through computer games, animated graphics, and problem-solving techniques which can make drills more interesting (Ravichandran 2000) Individualization Call allows learners to have non-sequentian learning habit; they can decide on their own which skills to develop and whcih course to use, as well as the speed and level by their own needsA Compatible learning style Students have different style learning, and an incompatible style for students will cause serious conflicts to them. Computer can provide an exciting fast drill for one student and slow for another. 7. Optimal use of learning timeThe time flexibility of using computer enables students to choose appropritaetiming for learning. Winter (19970 in Kilickaya (2007) stressed the importanceof flexible learning, learning anywhere, anytime, anyhow, and anything youwant, which is very true for the web-based instruction and CALL. Learner aregiven a chance to study and review the materials as many times they wantwithout limited time. Immediate feedbackStudents receive maxium benefit from feedback only if it is given immediatly. Adelayed positive feedback affect the crucial knowledge a students must master.Computer can give instant feedback and help the stduents ward off hismiconception at the very firts stage. Brown (1997) in Kilickaya (2007) listed theadvantage of CALL as giving immediate feedback, allowing students at theirown pace, and causing less frustration among students. 8. Error analysisComputer databse can be used by the tecaher (user) to classify anddifferentiate the type of general error and error on account of the influencecan react in different way from the ususal teacher, which make students ableto make slef-correction and understand the principle behind the correctsolution (Ravichandran, 2007). Guided and repetitiveStudents have freedom of expression within certain bounds that programmerscreate, such as grammar, vocabulary, etc. They can repeat the course theywant to master as many as they wish. According to Ikeda (1999) in Kilickaya(2007) drill-type CALL materials are suitable for repetitive, which enablestudents to learn concept and key elements in a subject area. 9. Pre-determined to process syllabusComputer enchance the learning process from a pre-determined syllabus to an emerging or process syllabus.For example, a monotonous paper exciting on thescreen in the self-access mode, and students can selecttheir own material. Therefore, CALL facilitates thesynthesis of the per-planned syllabus and learnersyllabus through a decision-making process undertakenby teacher and learners together (Breen 1986 inRavichandran 2000) 10. Issues Regarding the Change of Methods of LanguageTeaching 11. Many methods have been changed from time to time in developing English language learning,likes: 1) Grammar-translation approach2) Direct approach 3) Audiolingual method 5) Community language learning6) Suggestopedia 7) The silent way 8) Total physical response 12. Audiolingual MethodLanguage laboratoriesTapes and visual aids. 13. I miss ICT Class!!!! EspeciallyGROUP 2. 14. Although there are many advantages of computer, the application ofcurrent computer technology still has its limitations and disadvantages.Less-handy equipment.According to Ansel et al (1992) in Hartoyo (2006, 31), the CAL program isdifferent from traditional books that can be carried around and studiedwherever and whenever they wish: on a train, at home, in the middle ofthe night, and so on. School computers or language laboratory can onlybe accessed in restricted hours, so CALL program only benefits peoplewho have computers at home or personal notebook.Increased educational costs.Gips, DiMattia, and Gips (2004) in Lai (2006) indicated that CALL willincrease educational cost, since computers become a basic requirementfor students to purchase, and low-budget school and low income studentscannot afford a computer 15. Lack of trained teachers.It is necessary for teachers and students to have basic technology knowledgebefore applying computer technology in second language teaching and learning.Therefore, computers will only benefit those who are familiar with computertechnology (Roblyer 2003 in Lai 2006).. Imperfect current CALL programsAt present, the software of CALL mainly deals with reading, listening, andwriting skills. There are some speaking programs have been developed recently,but their functions are still limited. Warschauer (2004) in Lai (2006) stated thata program should ideally be able to understand a users spoken input andevaluate it not just for correctness but also for appropriatness. Speakingprogram should be able to diagnose a learners problem with pronunciation,syntax, or usage and then intelligently decide among a range of options. 16. CALL has certain advantages and disadvantages and teachers shouldknow the strengths and weaknesses in applying CALL in ESL classrooms. Itis agreeable that technological advancement and development hasenabled the application of CALL programs in language learning andinstruction, and it has become a new trend recently. Even so, computertechnology still has its limitation and weaknesses. Therefore, we mustfirst realize the advantages and disadvantages of current CALL programsbefore applying them to improve our teaching or to help studentlearning. In the end, we can avoid the mistake in employing CALLprogram and get the maximum benefit for our ESL teaching and learning. CRITICAL ARGUMENT IS HIGHLY ACCEPTED TO EXPANDOUR HORIZON IN THE CULTURE OF ACADEMIC SOCIETY.U18 17. The unique property of the computer asa medium for education is its ability tointeract with the student. (Nelson, etal, 1976) 18. Positive and Negative 19. 85% Its easy to understand90% Program was veryStated that interesting75% Excellent85% Very clear and helpful 20. These negative reactions are due to their inability and unfamiliarity Depending on the processor