- 1. Communication Presentation - Public speaking
Adapted from materials provided by Allyn and Bacon 2. What if communication were not possible? 3. Frustration and Chaos! 4. Public Speaking Produces Anxiety in Most People
- 80% of Speakers Feel Nervous
Peoples Biggest Fears 5. Most common ways to communicate Speaking Visual Images Writing Body Language 6. Communication SENDER RECEIVER Feedback receiver sender Communication is theprocess of sending and receiving information among people Source: CGAP Direct 7. Speaking Opportunities
- Customer Presentations and Reviews
- Town Zoning Board Meetings
- Boy and Girl Scout Meetings
8. Messages not delivered due to distortion Sender Receiver Feedback Distortion 9.
- 30% of you arent paying attention right now!
10. Clues that you are not listening
- Are you simply waiting for your turn to talk?
- Are you thinking about your reply before the other person has finished talking?
- During presentation/public speaking???
11. Listening and speaking require energy
- curiosity and open-mindedness
- analysis and understanding
12. Communication Goals To change behavior To get action To ensure understanding To persuade To get and give Information Source: CGAP Direct 13. Critical success factor for life
- The majority of your perceived ability comes from how you communicate
70% How you communicate it 30% What you know Source: CGAP Direct 14. Listening and Speaking are used a lot 15. But not taught enough Amount taught 16. Public Speaking & Conversation
- Organizing thoughts logically
- Tailoring message to audience
- Telling story for maximum impact
17. Public Speaking & Conversation
- Public speaking more highly structured
- Public speaking requires moreformal language
- Public speaking requiresdifferent method of delivery
18. Speech Communication Process 19. Speech Communication Process
20. The Speech Communication Process
- Speaker - speech communication starts here
- Message - whatever is communicated
- Channel means by which a message is communicated
- Listener the receiver of the communicated message
- Feedback comes in many forms and must be understood
- Interference - anything impeding the communication of the message
- Situation the time and place of occurrance
21. Vocal Expression
- There are five dimensions of voice that can be
- manipulated for greater effect.
- Volume- Speak louder or softer for emphasis.
- Pitch- Stay at an appropriate mid-range level.
- Rate- Accelerate for a few sentences to excite,
- Slow down and pause to emphasize some words.
- Articulation- Speak clearly with full voice.
- Quality- The personality of your voice, resonant,
22. What makes a good presentation? 23. What makes a good presentation?
24. Vocal Expression
- *Be appropriate in tone .Sometimes when we get nervous we laugh inappropriately during serious moments.We may even become self-satirizing when nervous, playing as if it werent important.
- * While you dont want to take yourself so seriously that you pressure yourself into errors, you shouldtreat the process with respect.
25. Vocalization 4P
- Volume loudness or softness
- adjust to the situation (electronically if necessary, dont yell)
- Pitch highness or lowness of the voice
- use inflections in your voice to avoid monotone
- Rate speed at which you speak
- 120-150 wpm is normal, too slow leaves people hanging on your words, too fast and they get confused and miss information
26. Vocalization contd
- Pauses momentary breaks in your speaking
- takes experience to know when to pause, pause at the end of thought units
- avoid vocalized pauses (uh, er, um...)
- vary the loudness, pitch and rate to make the speech sound more natural and interesting
- Pronunciation use correct pronunciation of common words
- genuine, arctic, theater, err, nuclear, February, library
- Articulation physical production of speech sounds
- we habitually chop, slur and mumble, rather than vocalizing
- ought to, didnt, for, dont know, ask
- Dialect variety of language distinguished by variations of accent, grammar or vocabulary
27. Nonverbal Expression
- The nonverbal frames the verbalin this sense:Whichever behavior interrupts the other is the one that takes audience focus.
- If I move to draw their attention - gesture or take a step - then speak, theyll hear me.
- If I start to speak, then move aimlessly, theyll watch but not hear.
28. Body Language
29. Things You Shouldnt Do
- Read directly from screen
30. Organizing a Speech Main Points
- It is better to be remembered for covering 3 or 4 points well than to leave the audience confused and sorting out 7 or 8 points you made.
- Strategic Order of Main Points
31. Understand the Speech Making Process
- Choosing/Narrowing a Topic
32. Choosing an Appropriate Topic
- Is It Important to Your Audience?
- Will It Hold Audiences Attention?
- Is It Manageable in the Time Available?
- Is It Appropriate for Oral Presentation?
33. Develop Central Idea
- Write a one sentence summary of speech.
I want to be a good leader 34. Generate Main Idea
- Does It Have Logical Divisions?
- Are There Reasons Why It Is True?
A... B... C... Because... 35. Narrowing a Topic - Example
- Protecting the Environment
- Water Quality in My State
- Utilizing Home Well Assessments to Reduce Contamination Risk
36. Getting Topic Feedback
- From Members of Potential Audience