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Cognitivism team6

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  • 1. COGNITIVISM By: Team 6 (Amanda & Gina)

2. KEY PEOPLE ASSOCIATED WITH THE THEORY:KEY PEOPLENoam Chomski- Keyperson in replacingBehaviorism as adominant theory in the1960s. 3. KEY PEOPLEJean Piaget-concluded that thereare four stages ofCognitiveDevelopment. 4. KEY PEOPLE David Merrill Proposed theComponent Display Theory(CDT). This theory states that fora particular objective andlearner, there is a uniquecombination of presentationforms that result in the mosteffective learning experience. 5. KEY PEOPLE Charles Reigeluth (ElaborationTheory)- The Elaboration theoryis an instructional design theorythat argues that content to belearned should be organized fromsimple to complex order, whileproviding a meaningful context inwhich ensuing ideas can beincorporated. 6. KEY PEOPLERoger SchankAccording to Roger, theonly way we learn isthrough "doing," andfailure. 7. KEY PEOPLE J.M. Scandura (structurallearning)- Structural learningargues that what is learned arerules which consist of adomain, range, and procedure.The rule sets may change fordifferent tasks. Higher order rulescan account for creative behaviorand the creation of new rules. 8. KEY IDEAS OF COGNITIVISMMENTAL FUNCTION CAN BE UNDERSTOOD focuses on the inner mental activities opening the black box of the human mind is valuable andnecessary for understanding how people learn People are not programmed animals that simply respond tostimuli in their environment; but their actions are a consequence ofthinking 9. F O U R S TAG E S O F C O G N I T I V E D E V E L O P M E N T- 1. Sensorimotor stage- Newborn 2 years,. The child explores the world through his/hersenses: taste, touch, sight, sound, and smell. The Child begins to be aware of things existence even whenthey cannot see the objects, but lacks symbolic representation understanding. 2. Preoperational stage- Ages 2-7. The child develops language and thinking skills and alsobecomes focused on himself/herself and how the world relates to themselves. 3. Concreteoperations- Ages 7 to 11. The child begins to thinkabstractly, conceptualize, and create logical expressions 4. Formal operations - Ages 11-15. The childs cognition reaches its final form. Theirabstract thinking is similar to adult, and he/she is capable of hypothetical and deductive reasoning. 10. CLASSROOM IMPLICATIONS With TechnologyWithout Technology only assign tasks for which the child Use educational computer games is prepared Stimulate the childs senses. maintain a proper balance between Engage them in various cognitive guiding the child and allowing them totasks. learn things for themselves be concerned with the process of Examples: ABCmouse.com, PBS learning rather than the end productKids Educational Games, and Spelling Encourage Peer learningCity. Sorting Games, flash cards and puzzles are good examples of activities 11. WORKS CITED Facts "Structural Learning Theory." Instructional Design. Web. 22 Nov. 2011.. "Roger Schank: Script Theory." Massage CE Continuing Education Home Study NCBTMB, NCCAOM EthicsFibromyalgia TMJ Acupressure TCM. Web. 22 Nov. 2011. ."Teaching and Learning Resources / Cognitivism." Teaching and Learning Resources / TLR Home. Web. 22 Nov.2011. . "M. David Merrill and Component Display Theory." Massage CE Continuing Education Home StudyNCBTMB, NCCAOM Ethics Fibromyalgia TMJ Acupressure TCM. Web. 22 Nov. 2011. . "Elaboration Theory (Reigeluth)." Learning Theories. Web. 22 Nov. 2011. .Imageshttp://www.chomsky.info/chomsky.jpghttp://www.lifecircles-inc.com/Learningtheories/merrill_files/page90_1.jpg http://www.lifecircles-inc.com/Learningtheories/constructivism/Schank_files/page60_1.jpg

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