CLL community language learning

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CLL community language learning slide which represented by Mohammad Heidari from Iran-Mofid University

Text of CLL community language learning

  • 1. (CLL) Community Language Learning

2. OriginCharles Curran 3. Stage 1 Reflection Stage 2 Recorded conversation Stage 3 Discussion Stage 4 Transcription Stage 5 Language analysisStages 4. THEORY : . Also known as Counseling learning . . Its a good method to practice speaking and listening .. Teachers and students role : [ Teacher = Counselor / Students = Client ] . Relationship between teacher and students :[ dependency independency] 5. . Native language are permitted among students . . Translation will be provided by the teacher . . Specially created for adult learner who might fear to appear foolish . . Students apply the target language independently when they feel confident enough to do so . . Students are encouraged to express how they feel about the learning process . 6. Activities : 1 ) Translation Students form a circle A student speak out in his/her mother tongueTeacher translate it into the target language 7. 2 ) Tape recording Students speak out in their mother tongueTeacher translate the language chunks into target languageStudents repeat the chunks in target language Only target language production are recorded 8. 3 ) Reflection on experienceTeacher takes time after carry out various activities Students are allow to express how they feel about the activitiesTeacher indicates understanding / empathy 9. 4 ) Group work Tasks like discussion of a topic , preparing a conversation are givenStudents work in a small groups to complete the taskPresent it to the rest of the class 10. ADVANTAGES : . Works well with lower levels students who are struggling in spoken English ..Lower students anxiety and overcome threatening affective filter..It creates a warm , sympathetic and trusting relationship between teacher and learners . .Counselor allow the learners to determine type of conversation .. Train students to become independent . 11. DISADVANTAGES : . Some learners find it difficult to speak on tape .. In order for students to become independent , teacher might neglect the need for guidance . . Teacher has to be highly proficient in the target language and in the language of students . . Translation is an intricate and difficult task . The success of this method relies largely on the counselors translation . . It is time consuming to carry out . 12. Six elements of nondefensive learning1.Security 2.Aggression 3.Attention 4.Reflection 5.Retention 6.Discrimination 13. Working with large classesSome obstaclesWorking with monolingual or multilingual classesWorking with large classes 14. Techniques TechniquesPrinciplesSituation/ EffectTape recording students conversationMotivation for learners and able to recall the meaning in first conversationShort ConversationReflection on experienceStudents reflect on what they have experiencedStudents share their difficulties and experiences in the process of learningThe opportunity to translate his or her utterancesDialogue- translate native language to EnglishTranscription 15. Techniques TechniquesPrincipalesSituation / EffectReflective listeningStudents need quiet reflection time in order to learnConcentration on new language learningHuman ComputerEnable students develop an inner wisdom about where they need to workAroused learners spontaneity in learning EnglishStudents can begin to feel a sense of community and learn from each otherEncouraged cooperation, not competition among learnersSmall group tasks 16. Pros 1. Learners appreciate the autonomy CLL offers them and helps to improve analyzing their own conversations. 2. CLL works especially well with lower levels who are struggling to produce spoken English. 3. The students learn to communicate and use the cognitive knowledge from the very beginning in order to practice the rules of the target language before they formulate their individual sentences or utterances. 4. The class often becomes a real community, not just when using CLL but all of the time. Students become much more aware of their peers, their strengths and weaknesses and want to work as a team. 5. To learn how to use the target language communicatively. 6. Helping students how to learn from one another. 7. Helping students about their own learning by taking increasing responsibility for it. 8. Lowers learners anxiety 17. Cons 1. Counselor/teacher can be non-directive 2. In the beginning some learners find it difficult to speak on tape. (phonophobia) 3. Learners might find that the conversation lacks spontaneity. 4. Teachers can find it strange to give their students so much freedom and tend to intervene too much. 5. The presentation of this method in the classroom is process-based and not content-based which makes it difficult to build the outline of this method. 6. Time control 7. Student number control 18. Represented by: Mohammad HeidariIRAN Mofid University***englishpts@mail.com