City Region Food System in Colombo, Sri Lanka : presentation and assessment

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CRFS Indicators - Colombo

City Region Food System Colombo, Sri LankaFood for the Cities Programme - Indicator Framework

13th April 2016, Colombo

Global project and we are in AsiaFirst project in this natureWhy city region food system is importantThis is Phase 1 Secondary data

1

Structure of the presentationPresent status of the CRFS Colombo studyUse an area of priority as an example -(food safety)Other priority areasAdditional indicators

Present status of the CRFS study

Phase 1 - Report and Stakeholder workshopPhase 1 of the study was aimed at conducting a preliminary study using secondary data, existing data bases and expert interviewsOutput Comprehensive scoping study

Stakeholder meetings covering public authorities, private sector, non-government and community organizations (30+ participants)Out put Validation of the report Prioritize the study areas for Phase 2

Priority Areas

Food security, nutrition and safety

2) Food waste and losses3) Value chain management (prices, inclusiveness)4) Climate change and natural resource management

Shortlist indicators for each priority area (each local partner individually)Collectively agree on indicators for each priority area (local project team)Identify key indicators, data availability.Conduct focal group workshops (4) to review/add and prioritize the indicatorsPresent statusMethodology for selecting indicators

Use an area of priority as an example -(food safety)

CMC as CRFS boundary for food security, nutrition and safety

Food safety8 possible indicators2 key indicators (2 of them have secondary data)5 indicators that do not have data (two of them are difficult to assess)

Food security and nutritionTotal of 20 indicators5 key indicators (3 of them have secondary data)11 indicators may need primary data collectionPriority Area 1 - Food Security, Nutrition and Safety

IngredientsPreparationScaleFood safety i72. Usage of clean/unclean water in food processing/manufacturing in the city regioni136. Informal monitoring of health in the food sector and safety procedures in the city regioni159. Number of food-related diseases in the city region/Number of people falling ill or dying from food-related diseasesi98. Usage of clean/unclean water in city region wholesale and distributioni61. Food quality and safety for consumers related to food processed/manufactured within the city regioni161. Consumer awareness of environmental impacts of their consumption; city regional food; healthy food; safe foodi111. Sanitation, health and safety employment conditions and risks for workers in food retail and catering in the city regioni178. Food safety and human health: Percentage of food samples that comply with health and safety standards

Indicator Framework Food safety

Stakeholders view on Food safety (from Phase 1 workshop)Primary level Production (food supply chain) (i72, i98 covers partially + agrochemical use, harmful preservatives)

Enforcement of standards (Good manufacturing practices (GMP), Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP), Good Agricultural Practices (GAP)) (i72 + Availability of the standards and enforcement)

Stakeholders view on Food safety (from Phase 1 workshop)Lack of storage facilities and transport (food contamination during transportation and storage)

Food adulteration practices (adulterated commodities and their safety)

Lack of systematic monitoring and surveillance (i136 + monitoring schedules)

Focal Group DiscussionFood Security, Nutrition and Safety Colombo Municipal Council (MOH, City analyst Laboratory)Government analyst department Consumers affairs authorityThe Department of Animal Production and HealthMinistry of Plantation IndustryMinistry of HealthMinistry of Fisheries and Aquatic ResourcesMinistry of AgricultureMinistry of Rural Economic Affairs UN,WFPNational plant quarantine service-Department of AgricultureThe Department of Animal Production and HealthMedical Research InstituteSri Lanka Standards Institute Traders associationColombo chambers of commerceFood control unit

Other priority areas

Priority area 2 - Food waste and losses

Food waste during preparation and consumption (e.g. sources HH, institutional, etc.)Food waste/losses (representative of the commodity chain perspective)

Total number of indicators 28 (5 with data, 5 difficult to collect data) No of key indicators 11 (3 with data)

Priority area 3 - Supply value chain management (prices, inclusiveness)Key representative commodities (using food basket analysis) and every aspect (e.g. Kesbawa study)

Total number of indicators 27 (2 with data, 1 difficult to collect data)Key indicators 5

Colombo district as CRFS boundary

Key commodities proposed

During the internal workshop 16 key commodities were selected

Carbohydrate Rice, WheatProtein Dhal, Dry fish, Fish, Chicken, Beef, PorkLipid Coconut, Dairy (milk powder)

Micro nutrientsFruits Papaya, Banana, AppleVegetables Leafy vegetables*, Upcountry vegetable*, Low country vegetable*

xx -100% or almost all products are imported (shorter value chains and easy to analyze) *representative type of vegetable to be identified after the food basket analysis

Priority area 4 - Climate change and natural resource management

Production area related matters (lack of water, drought, flood)Climate change adaptations (including urban & Peri urban agriculture as a strategy)Disaster risk management

Total number of indicators 23 (6 with data, 9 difficult collect data)Key indicators 7 (2 with data)

Additional indicators (beyond priority areas)

Farm Storage/Processing/Manufacturing Wholesale Retail ConsumerAgricultural inputs and food productionFood storage, processing and manufacturingFood wholesale and distributionFood marketing, retail, cateringWaste and Losses / Regulations/ Institutional aspectsConsumption

Dimensions

Social Economics Environmental Vulnerability Opportunities

Components of the CRFS assessment

Additional indicators to be consideredTo assess the key components of the CRFS & to conduct cross city analysis Any other areas of local interest have not been covered by the indicators

Way forward

Identify common key indicators for all citiesCommon methodology to collect data for key indicatorsCommon way to represent data

Thank you !

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