Chpt 8 20s politics

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  • 1. If you were captain of a team and had to choose between your friend or a better player, which would you choose? Why?

2. Fundamentalism movement based on literal interpretation of Bible Fundamentalists skeptical of some scientific discoveries & theories - Rejected theory of evolution Believed all important knowledge could be found in Bible 3. In 1925 Tennessee passed the Butler Act, which made it illegal to teach anything that denied creationism and taught evolution instead. John T. Scopes, a biology teacher, volunteered to test the Butler Act by teaching evolution in his class. After being arrested and put on trial, Scopes was found guilty, but the case was later overturned. After the trial, many fundamentalists withdrew from political activism. 4. Warren G Harding Calvin Coolidge 5. WOW! I didnt really think I was going to win the election. Here goes nothing. 6. In 1920, President Hardings election was assisted by 8 million new voters due to the 19th Amendment: women. Harding thought he lacked the intellectual qualifications for the job of president. People liked his charm and laid back manner. He ran on a campaign slogan of a return to normalcy. 7. Harding appointed his unqualified friends to important government positions. Harding felt more comfortable with his old poker buddies, known as the Ohio Gang, than he did around serious, qualified people. Members in the Ohio Gang committed various scandals, usually involving government bribes. 8. One of the Harding Administrations accomplishments was the Kellogg-Briand Pact- a treaty that outlawed war. US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg and French Foreign Prime Minister Aristide Briand proposed the treaty 62 other nations ratified it. The treaty had no binding force, but was hailed as a victory. 9. Hardings Secretary of the Interior, Albert B. Fall, secretly (and illegally) leased out Navy oil land in Teapot Dome, Wyoming He made more than$300,000 in bribes. Senate investigated; known as Teapot Dome Scandal; Secretary Fall is first cabinet member to go to jail. Scandals outraged the Americans; ready to see Harding go. 10. What was the main goal of the immigration acts set forth by President Warren Harding in 1921? used quotas to limit immigration mostly from Southern and Eastern Europe 11. What part of the world did we not enforce quotas on? Latin America 12. What pledge was signed by 64 other nation to renounce war as a tool of national policy? Kellogg Briand Pact 13. The Teapot Dome scandal centered around Navy owned Oil rich lands 14. Silent Cal Takes Over Coolidge was very different from Harding. His philosophy was simple: the peoples prosperity rested on business He said government should interfere with business as little as possible (laissez- faire) These policies did help the businesses, but set the stage Government should be hands off. 15. Changing Market Conditions Most of America was getting rich; farmers were earning less than 30% as much money as average workers. Technological advances meant growing more crops, but more crops meant lower prices. Before the war, Europe was buying all their crops. After the war, Europe was broke. President Coolidge twice vetoed bills that would assist farmers from their quiet depression. 16. 1920: richest people paid = 73%, most people paid= 4% of income. 1928: richest people paid = 25%, most people paid = 0.4% These ideas set the stage for the stock market crash and Great Depression. 17. How did Presidents Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge stimulate business? Reduced role of government (Laissez Faire) 18. The 1920s were prosperous for most Americans except for what group? Farmers