Thinking Critically The Basis of a College Education Chapter 5
Text of Chapter 5 Thinking Critically
1. Thinking Critically: The Basis of a College Education
2. Your TurnIn your own words, define liberaleducation. Why would a free mind bean asset for you now and in the future?
3. What Is Critical Thinking and Why Is It Important? The ability to think for yourself and to reliably and responsibly make the decisions that affect your life Shoddy thinking can be costly People who do not think for themselves tend not to have much control or possess any real power in business or society Critical thinkers Investigate problems Ask questions Pose new answers Discover new information
4. Your TurnOn the basis of the explanation, howwould you rate yourself as a criticalthinker?
5. Becoming a Critical Thinker Ask questions Engage curiosity and question statements and assertions Consider multiple points of view Be fair and open-minded to all ideas Draw conclusions Examine the outcome of your inquiry in a more demanding, critical way
6. Your TurnThink of a problem you had to solve inthe past. How did you do it? How canyou draw on that experience toimprove your ability to solve academicproblems?
7. Your TurnImagine that your state has justapproved a license plate designincorporating a cross and the slogan IBelieve. Almost immediately, anumber of organizations beginprotesting that this is a violation of theFirst Amendment of the U.S.Constitution. What kinds of questionswill you ask to get at the truth?
8. How Collaboration Fosters Critical Thinking Having more than one student involved in the learning process generates a greater number of ideas Can happen not only face to face, but also over the Internet Collaborative weblogs Teamwork improves ability to think critically
9. Your TurnIf you have never worked with a studygroup, now is the time to try it anddiscover how much more learning cantake place in a shorter period of time.How do you think you could benefitfrom joining a study group? Whatreasons might you give for not joiningone?
10. Thinking Critically about Arguments Challenge assumptions Some assumptions should be examined more thoughtfully Helps to gain better understanding Examine the evidence Be careful to check that the evidence supporting an argument is of the highest possible quality Beware of logical fallacies Make sure that an argument hasnt been compromised by faulty reasoning
11. Your TurnWhat, if anything, is wrong with makingdecisions purely on the basis of youremotions?
12. Your TurnHave you ever used any fallacies tojustify a decision? Why was it wrong todo so? Can you think of other errors oflogic that might push you farther fromthe truth?
13. Critical Thinking in College and Everyday Life Practice critical thinking so it can become a natural part of your life Not only in your academic work but also in your everyday interactions with friends and family Use critical thinking to figure things out instead of depending on how you feel or what youve heard
14. Your TurnSuppose youre shopping for a surround-sound system. One good friend urges you tobuy the top of the line. Another well-meaningfriend steers you to a different brand,claiming its just as good as the moreexpensive brand leader. Now all you know isthat two of your good friends have offeredinformation that might or might not be true.How do you think critically about whichsystem to choose?
15. Tech Tip: Research Wisely How to evaluate the types of information found on the Web Portals News Corporate and marketing Informational Blogs Wikis