Challenges for 21st century education and blended learning

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  • Challenges for21st century education and blended learning

    Prof. dr. Frederik QuestierVrije Universiteit Brussel

    Masterclass professionele ontwerpteamsAssociatie KU Leuven 12/02/15

  • This presentation can be found at

  • Perspectives Society Students Teachers Technologies

  • 4How can we educate our students for

    the unknown future?

  • 5I ask my students:

    What is the biggest changeyou expect in your (professional) life?

    Most of them are clueless...

  • 6The only constant in life is change

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  • 8The best wayto predict the future

    is to invent it.(Alan Kay, 1971)

  • 9William Gibson

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    Information Society ?

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    Knowledge Society

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    Evolution of organizations

    Source: Jessica Lipnack and Jeffrey Stamps, Virtual Teams

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    Network society

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    Network society

    Motivate your students to participatein existing authentic (online) networks!

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    On the Internet,nobodyknows

    you're a dog

    Peter SteinerNew Yorker


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    In China:

    On the Internet,everybody

    knowsyou're a dog

    This visionmight be closer

    to today's Internet reality!

  • 17 Transparency versus Privacy

  • 18

    "The most fundamental way of helping other people,

    is to teach peoplehow to do things better

    or how to better their lives.

    For peoplewho use computers,this means sharing

    the recipesyou use on your computer,

    in other wordsthe programs you run."

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    1980's: Stallman definedFree Software

    The freedom to use study distribute improve

    the program

    Free Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS)

  • The FLOSS concepts of sharing and collaborating are touching everything

  • Good teachers know howto create learning materials

    Great teachers know howto mix and reuse

  • 23

    They will have tocompete with


    An enthusiastic amateur beatsa bored professional

    Karl Marx was perhapsthe original prophet of the

    Professional Amateurs economy:

    labour forced, unspontaneous

    and waged work would be superseded

    by self-activity

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    They will have tocompete with


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    3D printing

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    2045 Technological Singularity?

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    Start of transhumanism?

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    Schools we have todaywere designed around commonsense assumptions

    that had never been scientifically testedR. Keith Sawyer

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    Politics Education Science 1km/h 10km/h 100km/h

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    Teachers teach as they are taught...

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    information scarcity information abundance !

    Total information is now doubling every year !

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    How much of the knowledgeyou need for your jobis in your own head?

    >75% | 75-50% | 50-25% | 25-10%

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    How much of the knowledgeyou need for your jobis in your own head?

    1986 75% 2010 10%

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    The longer one studies,the more one comes to realizehow much one does not know

  • 43

    % tested genius in Divergent Thinking(used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions)

    Source: Breakpoint and Beyond by George Land and Beth Jaman

  • 44

    Dilemma of schools:the skills that are easiest to teach and tests are also

    the ones that are easiest to digitize, automate and outsource(Levy and Murnane)

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    Demand for new skills? Social skills

    communicating, networking, teamwork international, intercultural

    Creativity Entrepeneurship Information technology skills

    Handle information overload ...

    Learning to learn Life Long Learning!

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    Knowledge -> Skills -> Competences

    Competencesare the ability to use

    knowledge skills attitudes

    in new, complex, authentic situations

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    The digital native and digital immigrant may be useful slogans for provoking debate but the distinction does not stand up to inspection the profound changes taking place need to be situated in diversity rather than dichotomy

    Brown, M. E. (2005). The next generation: Looking to the future. Computers in New Zealand Schools, 17 (2), 3-7. July Editorial.

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    How can we improve teaching and learning with ICT?

    Don't apply traditional teaching methodsin new technologies!

    Substitution?(dropping your coursebook online)


  • 52

    Seek the synergy!

    Theories about learningand technologies

    have evolvedtowards very similar concepts

  • 53CC by Wlonline

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    Model Jonassen for (constructive) learning environments

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    Find the right blend!

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    Not all students will like it...

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    Foster a community feeling!

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    Learning Analytics

    Gephi export,learning interactions,R. Carlos, F. Questier, C. Zhu

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    Learn fromLearning Analytics!

    The Learning Analytics Cycle, by Doug Clow,

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    Tin Cap API

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    ht tp: // ww

    w. knew learni ng/

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    An individual teacher typically does not have the competences the time the budgetto create one of the most advanced blended courses

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    The way to do it

    Design teams with mixed competencesExtra muros collaboration

    Reuse and shareStudent centred


  • Dank u! Vragen?

    Questier.comFrederik AT

  • Copyright acknowledgements Screenshot Figure study CC-by-nc-sa by Tony2 (NOT IN USE!) Question! CC-by by Stefan Baudy Edupunk: Flipped-Classroom-CC-BY-NC-SA-2-by-ransomtech Paul Schatzkin,

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  • This presentation was madewith 100% Free Software

    No animals were harmed

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