1. PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY What is portraiture? A portrait is a
painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation
of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant.
The intent is to display the likeness, personality, and even the
mood of the person. For this reason, in photography a portrait is
generally not a snapshot, but a composed image of a person in a
still position. A portrait often shows a person looking directly at
the painter or photographer, in order to most successfully engage
the subject with the viewer.
2. PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY Key aspects of portrait photography
Catchlights - sparkle in the eye. This implies innocence Eye-level
- Insure the level is the same as this can create the illusion they
are powerful or week. Ensuring the eyes are sharp show emotion,
talk to people looking in their eyes. Contrast make sure the
background is a clear colour or not distracting. 3. PORTRAIT
PHOTOGRAPHY Key aspects of portrait photography Natural pose and
communication doing this make sure the model feels natural and
comfortable. Background insure colours are correct and not too
distracting. Focal length use long focal length. Min 18mm lens.
Aperture use appropriate aperture to insure the image is sharp. Min
f5.6 f11 Composition eliminate head room, too much space above
could have been used below (chest) use rule of thirds. 4. PORTRAIT
PHOTOGRAPHY Split Lighting What is it? Split lighting is one of the
most basic lighting set ups used in portrait photography. A light
source is placed 90 degrees from the subject, usually slightly
higher than eye level and lighting one side of the face therefore
leaving the other half of the face in shadow. 5. PORTRAIT
PHOTOGRAPHY Rembrandt Lighting What is it? Rembrandt lighting is
similar to split lighting, one side of the face is light but unlike
split lighting, the other half of the face is immersed with shadow
with a triangle of light just under the eye. Why is it an effective
lighting method? A Rembrandt lighting set up is simple to do and
can create a moody tone to the image because one half of the face
is shadowed. 6. PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY Butterfly Lighting What is it?
It is where a light is placed behind the photography, directly
facing the individual, this technique insures the subject is lit
all the way around the face. Why is it an effective lighting
method? This method allows for an even lighting across the face,
which can be used when producing imagery of an older individual. 7.
PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY Backlighting (Rim light) What is it?
Backlighting means the main light source is behind the subject. It
is illuminating a subject from the back. Why is it an effective
lighting method? It is used by many photographers to create a
certain look to the images, it creates a halo effect. Most of the
time, facing the sun causes people to squint and creates an
unflattering lighting therefore, facing people with their back to
the sun creates better images. 8. PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY Hi-key
lighting What is it? Hi-Key lighting is used to create a good mood
within the image, this particular lighting method insures there are
no shadows on the subject and this is particularly noticeable when
the subject is a person. Hi-Key produces soft, bright and low
contrast images and the lighting ratio is around 1:1. therefore,
all thats left within the image is the strong details of the
subject. 9. PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY Lo-key lighting What is it? Low
key lighting creates deep shadows around the structure of the
subject where the lighting ratio is very high. It is a moody and
dark lighting to create emotion or mood within the image.