Black history month celebration

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"An individual has not started living until he can rise above the narrow confines of his individualistic concerns to the broader concerns of all humanity.- Martin Luther King Jr.*African American Scientist SpotlightOtis Boykin InventorHe began to invent products on his own even though he worked at the Majestic Radio and TV Corporation and later at P. J. Nilsen Research Laboratories. Noteworthy inventions include a wire precision resistor used in many radios, computers, televisions and other electronically controlled devices. However, he is best known for his invention of the heart pacemaker. *The First African American*The First African AmericanPro Football Player:In 1904, at the age of 27, Charles Follis "The Black Cyclone" signed a contract with the Shelby Athletic Club a team that was a part of the Ohio League, a direct predecessor to the NFL.Follis is also rumored to have helped make baseball history. Branch Rickey, who would eventually break color barriers and sign Jackie Robinson to the Brooklyn Dodgers, was his football teammate and good friend.Follis died at 31, from pneumonia.*The First African AmericanGovernor (appointed): P.B.S. Pinchback served as governor of Louisiana from Dec. 9, 1872Jan. 13, 1873, during impeachment proceedings against the elected governor. *The First African American Governor (elected): L. Douglas Wilder, Virginia, 19901994. *The First African American U.S. Senator: Hiram Revels became Senator from Mississippi from Feb. 25, 1870, to March 4, 1871, during Reconstruction. *The First African American Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff:19891993AndU.S. Secretary of State:20012004Gen. Colin Powell*The First African American U.S. Secretary of State: The first black female Secretary of State was Condoleezza Rice, 20052009.*The First African American U.S. Supreme Court Justice: Thurgood Marshall, 19671991*The First African AmericanNobel Peace Prize winner: Ralph J. Bunche He received the prize in 1950 for mediating the Arab-Israeli truce. *"Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. I can never be what I ought to be until you are what you ought to be. This is the interrelated structure of reality.- Martin Luther King Jr.*African American Scientist SpotlightNeil Tyson -Astrophysicist After studying at Harvard University, he earned his doctorate from Columbia University in 1991. Tyson went to work for the Hayden Planetarium in 1996 and still serves as its director. He hosted the NOVA ScienceNow series from 2006 to 2011. Tyson remains a popular TV science expert today.*The First African American*The First African AmericanCongressional Medal of Honor winner: Sgt. William H. Carney for bravery during the Civil War (received in 1900). *The First African AmericanTo Earn M.D. degree: James McCune Smith, 1837, University of Glasgow*The First African AmericanCollege graduate: Alexander Lucius Twilight, 1823, Middlebury College*The First African AmericanCollege president: Daniel A. Payne, 1856, Wilberforce University, Ohio. *The First African AmericanPulitzer Prize winner: Gwendolyn Brooks, 1950, won the Pulitzer Prize in poetry. *The First African AmericanMale Grammy Award winner: Count Basie, 1958 (Best Jazz perfomance)*The First African AmericanFemale Grammy Award winner: Ella Fitzgerald, 1958(Best Female Vocal Performance)*The First African AmericanFirst Oscar: Hattie McDaniel, 1940, Best Supporting Actress*"We must develop and maintain the capacity to forgive. He who is devoid of the power to forgive is devoid of the power to love. There is some good in the worst of us and some evil in the best of us. When we discover this, we are less prone to hate our enemies.- Martin Luther King Jr.*African American Scientist SpotlightCharles Drew Medical ResearcherHe developed ways to process and store blood plasma in "blood banks." He directed the blood plasma programs of the United States and Great Britain in World War II, but resigned after a ruling that the blood of African Americans would be segregated. He died in 1950.*The First African American*The First African AmericanBest Actor Oscar: Sidney Poitier, 1963*The First African AmericanBest Actress Oscar: Halle Berry, 2001*The First African AmericanStar of a network television show: Bill Cosby, 1965, "I Spy"*The First African AmericanMajor League Baseball Player And Member of Baseball HoF: Jackie Robinson, 1947, Brooklyn Dodgers*The First African AmericanNFL quarterback: Willie Thrower, 1953(Michigan State Chicago Bears)*The First African AmericanNHL Hockey Player: Willie O'Ree, 1958, Boston Bruins(45 GP,4 Goals,10 Assists,26 PIM)*The First African AmericanTennis champion:Althea Gibson (Wimbledon and the United States national tennis championship - She won both tournaments twice, in 1957 and 1958)*The First African AmericanHeavyweight Boxing Champion: Jack Johnson, 1908*"The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically... Intelligence plus character - that is the goal of true education.- Martin Luther King Jr.*African American Scientist SpotlightGeorge Carruthers Ultraviolet AstronomyHe received a patent for his invention, the "Image Converter," which detected electromagnetic radiation in short wavelengths. He invented the first the Far Ultraviolet Camera/ Spectrograph, which was used in the Apollo 16 mission. In 1986, one of Carruthers' inventions captured an ultraviolet image of Halley's Comet. In 1991, he invented a camera that was used in the Space Shuttle.*The First African American*The First African AmericanOlympic Medalist (Summer games): George Poage, 1904, won two bronze medals in the 200 m hurdles and 400 m hurdles. *The First African AmericanOlympic Gold Medalist (Summer games): John Baxter "Doc" Taylor, 1908, 4 x 400 m relay team. *The First African AmericanOlympic medalist (Winter games): Debbie Thomas, 1988, figure skating*The First African AmericanOlympic Gold Medalist (Winter games): Vonetta Flowers, 2002, bobsled*The First African AmericanPortrayal on a postage stamp: Booker T. Washington, 1940*The First African AmericanMiss America: Vanessa Williams, 1984, representing New York*The First African AmericanExplorer, North Pole: Matthew A. Henson, 1909, accompanied Robert E. Peary on the first successful U.S. expedition to the North Pole*The First African AmericanFlight around the world: Barrington Irving, 2007, from Miami Gardens, Florida, flew a Columbia 400 plane named Inspiration around the world in 96 days, 150 hours (March 23-June 27)*********************************************


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