Biomimicry presentation for Association for New Jersey Environmental Education dan gross

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  • 1. Welcome to:Biomimicry- Using nature to inspire sustainable design in science classFriday 9:00 - 11:00 Presenter: Dan Grossdgross242@live.com

2. Goals Connections: meet each other Adjust Agenda for this session to meet everyonesneeds Introducing Biomimicry to students Out of your seat biomimicry activities Biomimicry PBL explanation Links on the web/and my website If there is time: Design your own sustainableinvention inspired by nature 3. Connections Any background you want to share Experience with biomimicry What you want out of this sessionSipping through a foot, the thorny devil lizard of the arid Australian desertdemonstrates its ability to wick water to its mouth via channels between its scales.Scientists hope to mimic the mechanism to develop water-capture technologies fordry regions. 4. InspirationsEarthwatch InstituteWilliam McDonoughHow could a tree inspire design?Janine BenyusThomas FreidmanPreparing students for the 21st centuryNature 5. Introducing biomimicry to your students 6. On your Do-Now paper.. 1. What do you think is the most creative piece oftechnology ever? 2. What human problem does this piece of technologysolve? 3. What problem do you think inspired thedevelopment of this technology? 7. What do these have in common?Older students: How does nature inspire technology? Location: Sahara Desert Location: city in a desert Termite Mound Largest building in Zimbabwe. Can be millions of termites in 1 mound Energy Design Challenge:. Termites never sleep Keeping the Building cool without. Used to be used to find gold wasting a lot of electricity. Side note: Chance to share wonder ofnatural world Hypothesis ________________________________________________________________ 8. Temp: constant 87 deg Base of the chamber is cool wet mud thathas openings that redirects air up. even though outside temp.Constantly build new vents and close old ranges from 100-40 deg inones to regulate temperature. 1 dayExplanation ____________________________________________________________Building designers saved A/C energy by opening/closingvents and storing cold air. 9. What do these have in common?40-50 ft long Design Challenge: Harness the mostenergy possible from well designedUp to 80,000 poundsbladesMax load of an 18 wheelerHypothesis: _______________________________Eat Krill 2 long_________________________________________ 10. VS. Which is more efficient?8% improvement in lift32 % reduction in dragExplanation:Ridges on the edges of windmill blades, like ridges on a whale fin, create morepower with less drag and more lift 11. TangentWhen you step into the intersection of different fields/disciplines/cultures, you can combine existing concepts into a large number of extraordinary new ideas.- Frans Johansson The Medici Effect 12. What do these have in common?Shark skin Boat Keel. Non-Smooth Skin Design Challenge: Marine life grows on keel. Sharks are self- cleaning Marine life on keel =Skin does not collect marine slower speedlife chemicals needed to cleanHypothesis ________________________________________________________________ 13. How can designers use shark skin design on akeel to keep marine life off. Sharkskin Paint- with scale-liketexture . 4-5 knots self cleaning . 67% reduction marine life on keel Explanation:Paint is scaly and allows water to get in-between scales to push off marine life. 14. What do all of these examples havein common? Biomimicry: Break down the word Bio- life Mimicry- imitate Definition: Developing sustainable technologies inspired by nature Sustainable: How do you define sustainable? Lasts a long time/reusable Less harmful Uses less resources like energy Why it works: life has been adapting to earth for 3.8 billion years, we have a lot we can learn from life on earth 15. Activities to get students thinkinglike a sustainable designer inspiredby nature Read your card to yourself Find your match: picture and description Example: card card more fuel efficient car Match up natures solution with design challenge Example natures solutiondesign challenge box fish more fuel efficient car Figure out how nature can inspire the solution to the design challenge 16. PBLShort videoPass out PBLEmphasis on Sustainability 17. Putting your creativity to the test Existing Example of Biomimicry a. identify the part of nature in your picture b. identify the technology in the picture Read the explanation under the photo. c. explain how nature inspired thetechnology on your sheet d. what is the purpose of the technology? e. Why is the technology sustainable. 18. Examples of completed Student Projectswith different levels of application drawings made on Smartboard program 19. Fennec FoxHot air leaveshere.Fur reflects theheat to keepthe animal cool.The Fennec Fox has reflective fur that keeps itcool. Its big ears act like a vent for hot air toescape its body. 20. A Cool RideThis is thereflectivepaint.Cool air entersthe car here.Heat leaves the car. This car (shown above) has reflective, non-toxic paint so it reflects light. It also has air vents so that cool air comes in and it pushes the hot air out. This lowers the use of air conditioning and stops people from cutting down trees for money. 21. Fire resistant House off ground Houses off the ground where wild fire are Sand pine frequent so it doesnt catch house on fire High off the groundas easy. If the support beams are madeso it doesnt catch on out of concrete it is sustainable and canfire so easily. be used over and over again. fire 22. Biomimicry scented chemical hair Reticulated giraffeBottle/jar with chemicals in it This giraffe has hair that has This is a possible jar filled with thescented chemicals which repelchemicals which repel insects, dirt,insects, ticks, dirt, andmicroorganisms, and ticks. It is easymicroorganisms. to make and will help protect people These chemicals are made with localmaterials using simple ingredients from various diseases such as limefound within the organism, created disease and malaria. It can alsoat room temperature, and producedprevent things from getting dirty.on an as-needed basis From studying the giraffes hair weOur invention is sustainable because all can watch the process of how theof the ingredients in it are non-toxic and chemicals are made and mix together.fairly common. After that, it is a simple matter of making an artificial version. 23. Reticulated Giraffe giraffe mightThe reticulated The reticulated giraffe is very inspire innovation in paintinteresting. Its hair containsmanufactures to protect the coatscented chemicals that repel ticks, and finishes. This invention willinsects, microorganisms and evenalso takeaway insects from yourdirt. house and dirt. 24. The tokay gecko has the ability to climbThis will benefit anyone who hasup solid surfaces. to clean This creation was made for climbing up walls or windows.It uses its tiny barbs on its hands andfeet to create an adhesive surface.This creation could be used for cleaning windows, and painting houses. It is even recycle able while being durable. 25. Chataignier treeand Stability Houses Chataignier trees have extra The design below is ansupports called buttress adaptation to help people inroots. In case a bad storm the countries prone tocomes by, they have a better hurricanes/ typhoons.chance of surviving with the The buttress root designbuttress roots.goes beneath the surface toButtressincrease stability. Houseroots w/ design 26. The BlackJewel Bio-Our Invention Mimic- BeetleThe ForestFireDetector This invention is a special wristband that beeps when there is aforest fire for firefighters and forestrangers. It is solar powered and The Black Jewel Beetle haswhen it is dark out it uses its storedspecial sense organs that can energy to work.sense forest fires up to 50 milesaway 27. Where to go after lesson What ideas do you have? Build windmill blades to light up a light-bulb (lab) Conservation biology: Adaptation Population fluctuation Sustainable design Cost/Benefit Analysis Alternative energy Biomimicry design project http://database.portal.modwest.com/start.php 28. Snakes skin and shell 29. Links Page: show some if there istimeIdeas from your classes 30. -Airplanes modeled after birds (wing and body shapes,falcon beak)-Morphing airplane wings that change shape accordingto the speed and length of a flight, inspired by birds thathave differently-shaped wings depending on how fastthey fly-Fish-inspired scales that easily slide over each other toenable the morphing airplane wings-Boat hulls designed after the shapes of Fish-Torpedoes that swim like tuna-Submarine and boats hull material that imitatesdolphin and shark skin membranes-Radar and sonar navigation technology and medicalimaging inspired by the echo-location abilities of bats-Swimsuit, triathlon and bobsled clothing fabric madewith woven ribbing and texture to reduce drag whilemaintaining movement, mimics sharks skin