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Bhopal gas tragedy- fight for justice

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A study on the Bhopal disaster, how it took place, the aftermath and what measures were taken for rehabilitation

Text of Bhopal gas tragedy- fight for justice

  • 1. Bhopal Gas TragedyFight for the justice

2. OverviewObjectiveUCILThe accidentFactors causing that accidentThe effectsThe aftermathMeasures taken for rehabilitationCompensation provided by Union CarbideSourcesClosing 3. ObjectiveA study on what had caused the Bhopal disasterand what measures were taken post thedisaster. 4. UCILBuilt in 1969Indian subsidiary of Union Carbide CorporationUCIL factory was located in BhopalProduced a pesticide named, Sevin (UCCs brandname for carbaryl using methyl isocyanate (MIC)as an intermediate. 5. The AccidentDuring the night of 2-3 December 1984, waterentered Tank E610 containing 42 tons of MIC.The resulting reaction was an increase of thetemperature ,inside the tank, of over 200 Celsius(392 F) and which led to a raise in the pressure.About 30 metric tons of methyl isocyanateescaped from the tank into Bhopals atmospherein 45-60 minutes. 6. Factors causing thataccidentStoring MIC in large tanks and filling beyond recommendedlevelsPoor maintenanceLack of effective safety systems in placeUndersized safety devicesDependence on manual operationsLocation of the plant next to a densely operated areaSafety systems were switched off to save money- includingMIC tank refrigeration which could have prevented thedisaster from taking place 7. The effectsThe official immediate death toll was 2,259 andthe government of Madhya Pradesh hadconfirmed a death toll of 3,787 people post thegas release.2,000 bloated animal carcasses were disposedoff.A government affidavit in 2006 stated that theleak caused 5,58,125 injuries including 38,478temporary partial and approximately 3,900severely and permanent disabled injuries. 8. The AftermathMedical staff was unprepared for thousands ofcasualtiesDoctors and hospitals were not trained for propertreatment of MIC gas inhalation.Doctors were told to give simple cough medicine andeye drops to patients.There were mass funerals and cremations. Therewas mass dumping of bodies into the Narmada river.Total of 36 wards were affected, including thepopulation of 520,000. Out of which 200,000 werebelow 15 years and 3,000 were pregnant women. 9. Measures for rehabilitationEconomic Rehabilitation Immediate relief was decided two days post tragedy Each claimant was to be categorized by a doctor Widow pension of Rs. 200/monthOccupational Rehabilitation 33 of 50 planned worksheds for gas victims hadstarted Less than 100 gas victims were provided with regularemployment under the government scheme 10. Habitation Rehabilitation 2,486 flats in two and four story buildings were constructed inWidows colony outside Bhopal Infrastructure like buses and schools were missing for decadesHealth Care Radical health groups were setup and were working since1985. The Government of India increased hospital-based services forthe gas victims 8 mini units (small health care centers) were started and wereto provide services till 2006 The State Government setup a lot of hospitals, mobile unitsand clinics right after the tragedy. 11. Environmental Rehabilitation When the factory was closed in 1985-1986, all the pipes, tanksand drums were sold. Although the MIC and Sevin plants arestill in there. Tubewells in the vicinity of the plant were abandoned. All the hazardous materials were dumped around the plant. There was scheme setup to provide safe water supply topeople living around the plant In December 2008 Madhya Pradesh High Court decided toincinerate all the toxic waste next to Ankleshwar, Gujarat. 12. Compensation provided byUnion CarbideGovernment of India passed the Bhopal GasLeak Disaster Act, which allowed them torepresent victims outside India.UCC offered US $ 350 million as an insurancesum.The Government of India claimed US $3.3 billion.In 1989, a settlement was reached where UCCagreed to pay US $470 million in a full and finalsettlement of its civil and criminal liability. 13. SourcesWikipedia.orgNDTVTimes of India 14. THANK YOU