Basic concepts in psychological testing

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2. ObjectiveDefine the basic terms pertaining topsychological and educational tests 3. TESTSare measurement devices or techniques usedto quantify behavior, to aid in theunderstanding and prediction of behavior. 4. An ITEM is a specific stimulus to which aperson responds overtly.This response can beevaluated or scored. 5. A PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST or educational test is a set of items that is designed to measure characteristics of human beings that pertain to behavior. 6. TYPES OF TESTSINDIVIDUAL TESTS: those that can be given to only one person at a timeGROUP TESTS: can be administered to more than one person at a given time by a single examiner. 7. CATEGORIES OF TESTS:according to the type of behavior that theymeasure1. Different types of ability 1.1 ACHIEVEMENT: refers to previous learning 8. 1.2 APTITUDE: potential for learning or acquiring a specific skill (given a certain amount of training, education or experience)1.3 INTELLIGENCE: refers to a persons general potential to solve problems, adapt to changing circumstances, think abstractly and profit from experience 9. ALL THREE (achievement, aptitude, intelligence) are highly interrelated- NO clear-cut distinctionBUT there is a clear-cut distinction between ability tests and personality tests. 10. PERSONALITY TESTS: are related to the overt and covert DISPOSITIONS of the individual. They measure TYPICAL behaviors. 11. TYPES OF PERSONALITY TESTS1.STRUCTURED PERSONALITY TESTS: provide a statement, usually of a self-report variety and require the subject to choose between 2 or more alternative responses. 12. 2. PROJECTIVE PERSONALITY TESTS: UNstructured; either the stimulus (of the test) or the response or both-- are AMBIGUOUS. SPONTANEOUS response is required of the test takers 13. Projective tests assumes that a persons interpretation of an ambiguous stimulus will reflect his or her unique characteristics. 14. PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING refers to all possible uses, applications and underlying concepts of psychological and educational tests.