Baroque art (autoguardado)

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    BAROQUE ART

    BRITISH COUNCIL 2nd year ESO

    01/06/2016

    IES AL-QZERES

  • 2nd Year ESO IES AL-QZERES British Council

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    BAROQUE ART General Overview

    The Baroque period of history is from about the year 1600 to about 1750.

    The period between the Renaissance and Baroque is sometimes called Mannerism. The later

    part of the Baroque period is often called the Rococo period

    The Roman Catholic Church encouraged the Baroque movement in art and architecture as a

    response to the Protestant Reformation. The word "baroque" comes from a similar word in

    Spanish, Portuguese, and French that means "rough pearl". Today, when someone uses the

    word "baroque" to describe something, they usually mean that the object is overly ornate and

    complex. An example of Baroque sculpture and architecture is the Trevi Fountain in Rome

    When was the Baroque style popular?

    Baroque art became popular in the 1600s. It started in Italy and moved to other areas of

    Europe and the world.

    What are the characteristics of Baroque art?

    The Baroque style started with the Catholic Church. The church wanted its religious paintings

    to become more emotional and dramatic. This type of style spread to where much of the art of

    the time became very dramatic, full of life and movement, and emotional. In Baroque art there

    was generally action and movement. Angels flew, people fought, crowds cowered in fear, and

    saints rose to the heavens. Baroque sculptures were often made of rich materials such as

    colorful marble, bronze, or even gilded with gold.

    Read more at: http://www.ducksters.com/history/art/baroque_art.php

    http://www.ducksters.com/history/art/baroque_art.php

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    Baroque architecture CHARACTERISTICS OF BAROQUE ARCHITECTURE

    Baroque buildings were built to attract the attention of passers-by.

    They used the following features:

    Curved lines and Solomonic or spiral columns.

    Light effects on facades produced by using recesses and projections, and also broken

    pediments to create areas of light and shade.

    (Pediment: triangle below sloped roof. Frontn)

    Rich ornamentation on facades, combining painting, sculpture and architecture.

    Rich and colourful materials, such as coloured marble.

    EXERCICES

    1. Spot the Baroque facades. How have you known they are Baroque style?

    1) 2)

    3) 4)

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    2. From the characteristic given, which ones do you recognize? The fist one is by Conrad

    Rudolf and the fourth is by Fernando de Casas Novoa. These are both Spanish works of art. Can

    you identify them? Which buildings do they belong to?

    3. This is the facade of one of the most important Italian baroque architecture. Borromini

    was the artist who designed this building.

    Your task is to:

    Search for the name of the work.

    The location for the building

    Find out why it has this name.

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    Bernini (1598-1680) is one of the greatest genius of all time in architecture and sculpture and

    one of the biggest figures of Italian Baroque. As an architect it is important to mention St

    Peters Square and the Baldachin in St Peters Basilica.

    Have a look at St Peters Square Colonnade. It represents Church greatest arms that welcome

    the followers of the Catholic Church that turn to God.

    The Baldachin is the best example of movement, energy and vitality of the Baroque art this

    movement can be seen in those columns with curved

    lines which are very typical of the Baroque. The

    Baldachin seems to be a stage, and the upper part is the

    curtain. The scenery achieves a dramatic effect among

    the faithful.

    4. What is the name given to the typical columns that

    we have mentioned?

    The Baldachin represents one of the most important

    places of Christianity. Therefore, it shows all the

    propaganda this arte had. What is the main role of the

    baldachin?

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    BAROQUE SCULPTURE The characteristics of sculpture are:

    Realism. The figures had personal features and natural movement.

    Very intense feelings. The figures showed their emotions.

    Movement, energy and vitality. The figures were often entangled in complex

    compositions.

    Effects of light. Folds in clothes and the gestures of the figures were used to create

    areas of light and shade.

    Did you like architecture? You will see how impressive sculpture is, and mainly you are going to

    appreciate the life and the realism that Gian Lorenzo Bernini is able to give to a piece of

    marble.

    I suggest you compare the David by Michelangelo with the one by Bernini. Pay attention at

    the movements, in the dramatically features of the faces, in their body tenses

    5. Compare them using five sentences at least.

    a)

    b)

    c)

    d)

    e)

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    I will now show more sculptures by Bernini. They are pure dramatically sceneries authentic

    scenes, small theatre performances. They also show suffering, pain pay attention to the

    details of the work- and mainly the movement- which is the most typical of Baroque art.

    6. I suggest looking for the name of these three amazing sculptures and for you to explain

    me the scene that one of them is telling us- whichever you prefer.

    a)

    b) c)

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    BAROQUE PAINTING The main characteristics of Baroque painting are: realism, figures have physical defects; a

    sense of movement and energy; strong emotions, which are expressed through gestures.

    Baroque painting is varied and there are many artists of great quality. There is a wide range of

    religious themes in Catholic countries, but also still life, genre paintings- of representing daily

    life routines, landscapes, portraits etc or even scenes of bourgeoisie life in Protestant

    countries.

    The Italian Caravaggio is the best representative of dramatic illumination in history, with his

    work that focuses light in darkness. Tenebrism is the term used in art to describe this

    technique. He is also the best driving force of Naturalism. His religious figures were based on

    male and female models recruited off the streets, which he painted directly from life without

    any drawings or preparatory sketches. As a consequence, he succeeded in creating an

    immediate and powerful effect, whose dramatic quality was accentuated throughout his

    paintings by his use of boldly contrasting light and dark.

    Tenebrism Versus Chiaroscuro

    Caravaggism embraces both chiaroscuro and tenebrism. Because both techniques

    involve the pronounced use of light and shadow, they can be confused, even

    though there is a clear theoretical difference between the two terms. Chiaroscuro is

    a method of shading which is used to give figures a sense of three-dimensional

    volume. Tenebrism is where an artist keeps some areas of a painting totally black,

    allowing one or two areas to be strongly illuminated by comparison. Tenebrism thus allows the artist to control the 'action' in his canvas.

    Source: http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/history-of-art/caravaggism.htm

    7. Can you say the title of this Caravaggios master piece.

    http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/history-of-art/caravaggism.htm

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    Naturalism and Tenebrism

    Baroque painting is characterized by Naturalism and Tenebrism. The main representative of this pictorial tendency was Caravaggio and his greatest work of art is the The Crucifixions of St. Peter that you can see below.

    8. From this image and from what you know about Baroque painting, what do you think Naturalism and Tenebrism is? Use concise and precise sentences.

  • 2nd Year ESO