Art of the 20th Century (and Beyond)

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Text of Art of the 20th Century (and Beyond)

  • 1. 20 thCentury Art

2. Why is it so weird?

  • Think of how much and how quickly the world has changed in the last 110 years.
  • Modern art is a reflection of that turbulence.
  • Cameras make realistic art obsolete.
  • Mass production makes art marketable

3.

  • Like the mannerists who followed Michelangelo and co., the artists of the 20 thcentury valued originality and innovation over just beauty.
    • If you cant please the public, shock it.
  • Realistic doesnt equal good art.Instead, go back to the 4 questions:
    • What do I see?
    • What do I know about what I see?
    • What was the artist trying to do/say?
    • How successful was he/she?

4. The Moderns 1900-1914

  • Matisse
  • Not realistic
    • Simple lines & figures
    • Bright colors
    • Not concerned about distance /three-dimensionality

La Danse , 1910 5. Fauves Wild Beasts

  • French artists Inspired by African and Oceanic art
  • = Modern art that looks primitive

Derain, Landscape atCassis, 1907 6. Pablo Picasso 1881-1973

  • The master of many styles and mediums
  • Early paintings are very realistic
  • The most famous and the greatest artist of the 20 thcentury

Science and Charity , 1897 7.

  • Painted the outcasts of society; lived in total poverty.
  • Went through periods of color dominance:
    • The Blue Period
    • The Rose Period
  • With his friend, Georges Braque, developed Cubism

Life , 1903 8. Les Demoiselles dAvignon 1907 9. Cubism

  • Shatter a glass sculpture, pick up the pieces, glue them on a canvas = Cubism!
  • Shows several different perspectives of the same subject at the same time
  • Like a round world sliced up to show all the parts.
  • (Remember, this is the same time that Einsteins coming up with the theory of relativity/the 4 thdimension!)
  • Background and foreground overlap, the subject dissolves into pattern.

10. Carafe, Jug, and Fruit Bowl 1909 11. LAccordeoniste , 1911 12. 13. Guernica 1937

  • On April 27, 1937, Franco (Spains dictator) gave Hitler permission to test their new air bombs on a village in northern Spain, Guernica.

When Picasso read accounts of it in the newspapers, he immediately began the plans for the 286 square-foot mural,Guernica. 14. Guernica 15. Abstract Art

  • Simplifies things a man = a stick figure, a squiggle = a wave, red = anger
  • Its about symbolism, capturing the essence of reality in a few lines and colors
  • Think visual music (this is when jazz was developed in America)

16. Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944)

  • Patterns that are just beautiful, even if they dont mean anything
  • Composition VII , 1913

17. Piet Mondrain Composition with Yellow, Blue and Red,1937-1942 Painting at its most basic elements: black lines + white canvas +primary colors 18. Henry Moore 1898-1986 Carved the human body with the epic scale and restless poses of Michelangelo but with the crude rocks and simple lines of the Primitives. 19. Expressionism

  • WWI left 10 million dead and killed the optimism and faith in mankind that lead Europe since the Renaissance.
  • Postwar Europe = Cynicism and decadence
  • Artists expressed their disgust by showing a distorted reality that emphasized the ugly.
  • - Lurid colors and simplified figures of the Fauves, but with a haunted, harsh tone.

20. The Scream ,Edvard Munch,1893 (during the Post-Impressionist period, but still a model of Expressionism) 21. Compare the two versions of terror, less than 75 years apart. 22. Dada

  • Artistic grief became twisted humor
  • + resentment of the bourgeoisie/pompous intellectuals
  • = Art that is outrageous, offensive, and meant to give traditional culture the finger.

23. Fountain , Marcel Duchamp, 1917 24. 25. Surrealism

  • Beyond realism a mixed bag of reality
  • A juxtaposition of images that you have to try to connect.
  • If it doesnt connect, then the artist has still forced you to think in new ways = success!
  • Sigmund Freud also came along, introducing the idea of the subconscious and the importance of dreams.

26. Salvador Dali (1904-1989)

  • Most famous surrealist
  • Painted, with amazing realism, random objects to create an emotional punch.

27. Dali,Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening , 1944 28. Dali,Madonna of Port Lligat , 1940 29. The Persistence of Memory , 1931 30. Dali,The Persistence of Memory , 1931 31. The Treachery of Images , 1929 32. 33. Guernica =A blend of Surrealism and Cubism 34. And then

  • World War II
  • Art = Propaganda

35. Abstract Expressionism

  • Expressing emotions using only color and form
  • The act of creation becomes more important than the final product

36. Jackson Pollock,The She Wolf , 1943 37. Pollock,Silver over Black, White, Yellow, and Red , 1948 38. Pop Art

  • The consumer = king!
  • Art created from pop-ular objects, mocking pop culture by embracing it.

39. Andy Warhol (1928-1987) Campbells Soup Cans , 1962 Marilyn Monroe , 1962 40. Ray Lichtenstein(1923-1997) Drowning Girl , 1963 41. Post-Modernism 1970-present

  • Art = big business
  • Every object can be artistic, it just depends on context
  • Installations : An artist takes over an entire room
  • Assemblages : Recycle trash into larger sculptures
  • Natural Objects : Art from natures objects
  • Interaction : Viewer participation
  • Conceptual Art : The idea/concept is the key
  • Deconstruction:Changing the familiar/Put a familiar object in a new setting
  • Performance Art : Mixed-media live performance

42. Installation Art Rachel Whiteread, Embankment , 2005 43. Assemblages Raoul Hausmann, Mechanical Head , 1920 44. Natural Art Robert Smithson,Spiral Jetty(The Great Salt Lake), 1970 45. Interactive Art 46. Conceptual Art Joseph Kosuth, One and Three Chairs , 1965 47. Christo and Jean-Claude,The Gates , 2005 Christo and Jean-Claude, The Umbrellas , 1991 Deconstruction 48. Performance Art Video Clip:Over the Moon, from the playRent , Jonathan Larsen